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In Slovak language we generally use only one kind of past tense - the simple past tense. Let's have a look at some of the rules to follow.
The simple past is used in different situations in the past:
often used with the words:
The past tense is formed by changing the suffix -ť of the infinitive. The suffix depends on the gender and number:
However, the first and second person in singular and plural "I" (ja), "you" (ty, vy), "we" (my) need an auxiliary verb as well.
|1.||ja som + verb||my sme + verb|
|2.||ty si + verb||vy ste + verb|
|3.||on, ona, ono - verb||oni - verb|
Let´s conjugate the verb to read - čítať as an example.
|1.||ja som čítal (m.), ja som čítala (f.)||my sme písali|
|2.||ty si čítal (m.), ty si čítala (f.)||vy ste písali|
|3||on čítal (m.), ona čítala (f.), ono čítalo (n.)||oni písali|
Here are some example phrases:
The verb "byť" (to be) is an irregular verb. Here is how we conjugate it in past tense:
|1.||ja som bol (m.), ja som bola (f.)||my sme boli|
|2.||ty si bol (m.), ty si bola (f.)||vy ste boli|
|3.||on bol (m.), ona bola (f.), ono bolo (n.)||oni boli|
You can practice you skills with the exercises!
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