Slovak future tense
The Slovak language has only one future tense. Whereas it is formed differently for imperfective and perfective verbs. To know the difference between perfective and imperfective verbs, please check the lesson about perfective and imperfective verbs.
When the future tense is used
The future tense is used in different situations:
- an event happening in the future (usually used with tomorrow - zajtra, next month - budúci mesiac, this night - túto noc etc.)
- an unfinished action or event that will be still in progress in the future (e.g. the future continuous in English)
Future tense of the verb byť
Here is the conjugation of the verb to be! You need to remember this, as it is very important in creating the future tense of imperfective verbs!
|Singular||1. I (ja)||budem|
|2. you (ty)||budeš|
|3. he, she, it (on, ona, ono)||bude|
|Plural||1. we (my)||budeme|
|2. you (vy)||budete|
|3. they (oni, ony)||budú|
Note that if you want to make a negation, remember to add the prefix ne- in front of the verbs. (ne-budem)
Future tense of imperfective verbs
To create the future tense of imperfective verbs you need to conjugate the verb "byť" in future tense and add the infinitive of the verb. For example:
future tense of byť + infinitive of the main verb
- Budem jesť. = I will be eating.
- Budete pískať. = You will be whistling. (plural)
- Budeš variť. = You will be cooking. (singular)
Remember when to use the form: the actions will not be completed, or we simply do not know whether they will be completed.
Future tense of perfective verbs
The Perfective verbs are have the same form in present and future. Therefore, you do not need to change anything. Let's see some examples:
present tense of perfective verbs = future tense of perfective verbs
- Dojem. = I will finish my meal.
- Zapískate. = You will whistle.
- Navaríš. = You will cook.
Remember when to use the form: all of the actions will be completed.
Future tense of the verb ísť (to go)
Be careful on the verb ísť (to go) as it is imperfective, but in the future tense it is conjugated in perfective form:
|Singular||1. I (ja)||pôjdem|
|2. you (ty)||pôjdeš|
|3. he, she, it (on, ona, ono)||pôjde|
|Plural||1. we (my)||pôjdeme|
|2. you (vy)||pôjdete|
|3. they (oni, ony)||pôjdu|
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