Slovak future tense
The Slovak language has only one future tense. Whereas it is formed differently for imperfective and perfective verbs. To know the difference between perfective and imperfective verbs, please check the lesson about perfective and imperfective verbs.
When the future tense is used
The future tense is used in different situations:
- an event happening in the future (usually used with tomorrow - zajtra, next month - budúci mesiac, this night - túto noc etc.)
- an unfinished action or event that will be still in progress in the future (e.g. the future continuous in English)
Future tense of the verb byť
Here is the conjugation of the verb to be! You need to remember this, as it is very important in creating the future tense of imperfective verbs!
|Singular||1. I (ja)||budem|
|2. you (ty)||budeš|
|3. he, she, it (on, ona, ono)||bude|
|Plural||1. we (my)||budeme|
|2. you (vy)||budete|
|3. they (oni, ony)||budú|
Note that if you want to make a negation, remember to add the prefix ne- in front of the verbs. (ne-budem)
Future tense of imperfective verbs
To create the future tense of imperfective verbs you need to conjugate the verb "byť" in future tense and add the infinitive of the verb. For example:
future tense of byť + infinitive of the main verb
- Budem jesť. = I will be eating.
- Budete pískať. = You will be whistling. (plural)
- Budeš variť. = You will be cooking. (singular)
Remember when to use the form: the actions will not be completed, or we simply do not know whether they will be completed.
Future tense of perfective verbs
The Perfective verbs are have the same form in present and future. Therefore, you do not need to change anything. Let's see some examples:
present tense of perfective verbs = future tense of perfective verbs
- Dojem. = I will finish my meal.
- Zapískate. = You will whistle.
- Navaríš. = You will cook.
Remember when to use the form: all of the actions will be completed.
Future tense of the verb ísť (to go)
Be careful on the verb ísť (to go) as it is imperfective, but in the future tense it is conjugated in perfective form:
|Singular||1. I (ja)||pôjdem|
|2. you (ty)||pôjdeš|
|3. he, she, it (on, ona, ono)||pôjde|
|Plural||1. we (my)||pôjdeme|
|2. you (vy)||pôjdete|
|3. they (oni, ony)||pôjdu|
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
I teach: English, German, Russian, Slovak
Hi! I’m Yasmina, a professional German, English, Russian and Slovak teacher for adults and teenagers. I am fluent in 4 foreign... languages and I have sucessfuly passed C2 level exams for English and German. I have a Masters degree in foreign languages and cultures from Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia. During my studies I have done a couple of exchanges abroad (Germany, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, Qatar, Iceland, etc).I have lived in 4 countries, therefore I know how challenging it may be - to learn and SPEAK foreign language afterwards. I’ve been teaching and learning languages for more than 8 years (3 years of teaching experience). I am absolutely sure, that your learning process starts, when you begin to speak. Therefore my lessons are mainly conversational, but you would need to do your homework at home :)As a result, we can use your new knowledge during the lesson. Language learning is fun and a lot of hard work at the same time. But if you know what to do, than the process becomes much easier and enjoyable.Here is the key information on the lessons/courses:1. Lessons are tailored to your needs2. All materials are provided3. Before we start, during the trial lesson, I will test you level and we will develop a plan in order to reach your goal as soon as possible.Any questions? Don’t hesitate to ask me!All the best,Yasmina Read more
Slovak lessons with qualified teacher
I teach: Slovak
I am a qualified, experienced teacher of Slovak for foreigners. I have master´s degree in teaching and I´ve been teaching Slovak... both in person and online for 10 years. I prepare unique lessons for every student according to their level, needs, goals and preferences. I offer free trial lesson where we assess student´s level, discuss goals and make a plan of lessons. We also set our schedule and student gets a chance to see my teaching style and methods. .So, if you like to explore the beauty of my mother language, I will be pleased to assist you! Looking forward to meeting you soon online!Regards,Libi Read more
Individual lessons in Czech/Slovak with professional teacher
I teach: Czech, English, Slovak
Do you need individual lessons with a professional teacher or consultation, preparation for exam or conversations?Let´s work together, I... am ready to help You!I am a professional translator, proofreader and teacher, working with English/German/Slovak/Czech languages for about 15 years. I have experience with all categories of students and texts, 10 years of experience with university and high school students. Through that period I have worked for 7 universities, more than 20 companies and many individuals and have successfully delivered lectures or consultations. Choose this consultation if You are looking for individual approach or You have specific problems, such as preparation for an exam or proofreading consultations. The method of our consultation will depend on Your desired goal or problem. But in general we will do conversation, reading, listening, and writing exercises.Hope to hear from You soon! Looking forward, Peter Read more