• Slovak grammar
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  • Slovak imperative

    In this lesson we will learn how to create the Slovak imperative and when to use it! Let's have a look at it!

    Use of the imperative

    • usually with an exclamation mark (!)
    • if it is without exclamation mark, in plural forms it represents polite, formal way of addressing someone to do something (Choďte, Urobte, Poďme...)
    • to tell someone to do something (most commonly for advice, suggestions, requests, commands, orders or instructions)

     

    Creation of Slovak imperative

    Slovak imperative is formed from the word base of the third person plural.

    English infinitive Slovak infinitive 3. person plural - they Word base needed for imperative
    to hold držať držia drž
    to write písať píšu píš
    to read čítať čítajú čítaj

     

    The suffix is different for each person: 

    Person Singular Plural
    1. - my držme
    2. ty drž vy držte
    3. - -

    * (-) imperative does not exist

    Here are some example phrases:

    • Urobme si snehuliaka! = Let's make a snowman!
    • Kamaráti, príďte na návštevu! = Friends, come for a visit!
    • Jano, prestaň fajčiť! = Jano, stop smoking!

     

    Irregular imperative of "byť"

    The verb to be (byť) is an irregular verb. Here is its imperative form:

    Person Singular Plural
    1. - my buďme
    2. ty buď vy buďte
    3. - -

    Examples:

    • Buď ticho! = Be quiet!
    • Deti, buďte slušné! = Kids, be polite!
    • Dobre dievčatá, buďme milé! = Ok girls, let´s be nice!

     

    This was a lesson about how to create and when to use Slovak imperative. Let´s practice!

    Exercises

    Drag the text exercise on Slovak imperative

    Fill in the blank exercise on conjugation of imperative