Slovak present tense
In Slovak language we use only one kind of present tense - the present simple.
When to use the present tense
- something is generally or always true
- the situation is more or less permanent
- describing habits or situations which happen regulary (used usually with often - často, sometimes - niekedy, always - vždy etc.)
- the actions are happening right now (used usually with right now - práve teraz, now - teraz etc.)
Conjugation and the verb models
There are 14 verbs, which serves as models for all of the verbs. That means each verb is declined according to one of the 14 models (according the suffix they have).
Here is the declension of all the verb models. The word base stays the same, just suffix is changing.
|1. person||2. person||3. person||1. person||2. person||3. person|
- ty vidíš = you see
- my kričíme = we shout
- on žuje = he chews
- oni nesú = they carry
- ja robím = I do
This was the list of the 14 models and its conjugation in present tense.
Note, there is a rhythmical rule! If the verb contains long syllable, the next one is shortened. For example:
- čítať (conjugated as chytať), however the suffixes are being shortened: čítam, čítaš, číta, čítame, čítate, čítajú.
- miesiť (conjugated as robiť) : miesim, miesiš, miesi, miesime, miesite, miesia.
Conjugation examples of most used Slovak verbs
byť (to be)
|1.||ja som||my sme|
|2.||ty si||vy ste|
|3.||on, ona, ono je||oni, ony sú|
bývať (to live, reside)
|1.||ja bývam||my bývame|
|2.||ty bývaš||vy bývate|
|3.||on, ona, ono býva||oni, ony bývajú|
mať (to have)
|1.||ja mám||my máme|
|2.||ty máš||vy máte|
|3.||on, ona, ono má||oni, ony majú|
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