Adjectives in Croatian
What is an adjective?
Adjectives give additional information. They describe nouns in their characteristics. Adjectives can be declined, they don't have a fixed form, they can be gradable or non-gradable.
Ona je brza. - She is fast.
Ona je brža od mene. - She is faster than me.
Types of adjectives
In Croatian language adjectives are divided by meaning in:
1. Descriptive adjectives
They respond to the question "Kakvo je što?" (How is something?)
On vozi žuti auto. - She is driving a yellow car.
Njena kuća je velika. - Her house is big.
2. Possessive adjectives
They respond to the question "Čije je što?" (Whose is what?)
Očevo imanje. - My father' property.
Sestrina soba. - My sister's room.
3. Texture adjectives
They respond to the question "Od čega je što?" (Of what is something made off?)
Zlatna vrata. - The golden door.
Ona pije iz plastičnih čaša. - She is drinking from plastic cups.
Formation of adjectives
The formation of adjectives depends on the noun's endings.
1. If the noun ends in -cija in adjective form will end in -ijski
Akcija me čini sretnim. - The action makes me happy.
Volim akcijske filmove. - I love action movies.
2. If the noun ends in -ij or -ija in adjective form will end in -ijski
Danas se ne može živjeti bez multimedija. - Today we can't live without multimedia.
Multimedijski utjecaj se povečava. - Multimedia influence is increasing.
3. If the noun ends in -ika or -izam in adjective form it will have ending in -ički
Forenzika je važna znanost. - Forensics is an important science.
Forenzička istraživanja. - Forensic research.
4. If we want to form a possessive adjective with nouns ending in an consonant than the adjective ending will be in -ev or -ov
Brat ima veliki stan. - My brother has a big flat.
Bratov stan je velik. - My brother's flat is big.
The noun "autobus" is an exception, forming and adjective adding the ending -ni to the noun.
autobus - autobusni
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