Perfect tense in Croatian
When to use the perfect tense in Croatian?
The perfect tense or in Croatian perfekt is a grammatical tense that we use to talk about:
1. An action performed in a specific time in the past
Jučer sam išla u shopping. - Yesterday I went to the shopping.
Maloprije sam skuhala večeru. - Recently I prepared the dinner.
2. An action that lasted in the past
Radila sam za tu agenciju pet godina. - I worked for that agency for five years.
3. Future perfect (an action in the past expressing future)
Ako ne odgovoriš, stradao si. - If you don't respond, you are guilty.
Usually it's very easy to understand when and how to use the perfect tense. Here are some time markers that will help you to use it properly.
|prekjučer||the day before yesterday|
|prošli tjedan||last week|
|prošli mjesec||last month|
|prošle godine||last year|
The perfect tense is formed by: atonic form of the auxiliary verb "biti" + endings of the verbal adjective (endings in the singular: -o, -la, -lo and for the plural -li, -le, -la)
The auxiliary verb changes its ending in gender.
Conjugation of the auxiliary verb "Biti"
|Ja||sam bio||sam bila|
|Ti||si bio||si bila|
|On/Ona||je bio||je bila|
|Mi||smo bili||smo bile|
|Vi||ste bili||ste bile|
|Oni/One||su bili||su bile|
Conjugation of the auxiliary verb "Htjeti"
|Ja||sam htio||sam htjela|
|Ti||si htio||si htjela|
|On/Ona||je htio||je htjela|
|Mi||smo htjeli||smo htjele|
|Vi||ste htjeli||ste htjele|
|Oni/One||su htjeli||su htjele|
Example of a regular verb conjugation
As an example for the perfect tense conjugation is chosen the verb "raditi" (to work).
|Ja||sam radio||sam radila|
|Ti||si radio||si radila|
|On/Ona||je radio||je radila|
|Mi||smo radili||smo radile|
|Vi||ste radili||ste radile|
|Oni/One||su radili||su radile|
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