Verbs describe an action, state or an event.
Ja radim, plivam, čitam. - I work, swim, read.
Kiša pada. Država napreduje. - It's raining. The state is progressing.
Koncert će se održati večeras. - The concert will be held tonight.
Verbs in Croatian language have five grammatical categories: aspect, active and passive voice, tenses, mood and person. There are two auxiliary verbs "biti" and "htjeti" that are used in formation of tenses. Infinitive form is a basic verbal form.
Croatian verbs have perfective and imperfective aspect. Perfective aspect describes an completed action, while imperfective aspect describes an action still in progress.
|Infinitive form||Perfective aspect||Imperfective aspect|
Verbs which in perfective aspect have the verb's base in "je" in imperfective aspect verb's base is "ije". The imperfective aspect is formed by adding the ending -ati to the verb's present base.
Active and passive voice mark the relationship between the subject and the verb. Active means that subject performs the action, while passive voice means that action is performed over the subject.
|zvati (to call)||zovem||zvan sam|
|pobijediti (to win)||pobijedili su||pobijeđeni su|
Oni su pobijedili. -They won.
Oni su pobijeđeni. - They are defeated.
Almost all verbs in Croatian language are made by adding corresponding tense endings to two verb's bases:
For ex. "raditi" (to work); rad (present base) + im (ending for present) = radim (present 1st preson singular)
For ex. "morati" (to need); mora (infinitive base) + h (ending for aorist) = morah (aorist 1st person singular)
The only irregular verbs of Croatian language are biti, htjeti, ići (to go), moći (can), spati (to sleep).
Croatian language has two auxiliary verbs; biti (to be) and htjeti (to want). These verbs are also one of irregular verbs in Croatian language.
We use them to form complex tenses, such as perfect and pluperfect.
Bila sam u kinu jučer. - I was in the cinema yesterday.
Kada je on došao, ja sam već bio otišao. - When he came, I had already gone.
Infinitive form is a basic form of a verb. In Croatian language is characterized by endings -ti and -ći.
Infinitive form is an indefinite verbal form, it can't change in number or person.
|Infinitive base||Endings||Infinitive form|
Verbal mood marks the relationship between the speaker and the action he is talking about. There are three verbal moods in Croatian language:
|Indicative||Refers to an statement.|
|Conditional||Express a proposition which dependends on some condition, hypothetical state or an uncertain event.|
|Imperative||Forms commands or requests, including giving permission or declaring a prohibition or any other kind of advice or exhortation.|
Anthony, thank you for your words! I am happy to know that you are satisfied with the course and that you enjoy the lessons so much. It is a pleasure for me too! I like to witness your improvement, class after class, and I am sure that you will achieve your goal soon. Con mucho gusto!
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Ciao Robbie, thanks a lot for your feedback. I'm very happy you like the classes together and I'll do my best to keep them as fun and interesting as possible :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thanks a lot. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Thank you Philippe for your beautiful words. Yours sincerely.
Thank you Muhammed, you were a precious and diligent student
Dear Erik thank you so much for your great feedback !!!!!
Many thanks to you Clemence. See you! :-))))
Thank you for your feedback Peter :)
Thank you Sereen! Derya
Thanks Aleksandra !!
Thank you Leandra!
Me as a Teacher I am a Serbian native speaker and a language teacher. I have been teaching online for 5 years. I live in Belgrade. I've been... teaching online for 5 years (officially). I love teaching because it's a dynamic and an interesting job. You can teach your students and you can learn from them as well. The happiness and joy of the student + their progresses with their target language = my biggest prize (so my students are the ones who motivate me to work better)and I try to combine: a bit of reading, a bit of writing, a bit of conversation, a bit of grammar and a bit of listening by using different resources. About Me My favorite topics are: 1. Travelling , 2. Foreign languages, 3. TV programs, 4. Films and TV series, 5. Culture, 6. sport, 7. IT, 8. Science My hobbies are: learning foreign languages, horse- riding, reading, travelling, ... I am open-minded, flexible and very positive. If you come up with something interesting to talk about, please, don't hesitate to suggest me and I'll gladly discuss with you about that. I visited: Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Slovakia and Slovenia. My Lessons & Teaching Style Firstly, I test the level of the target language... I have two parts: 1) Conversational part (here I check their vocabulary and their fluency + I find out their language goals and their needs) 2) Writing part (with that I focus much more on grammar and spelling) For each part, I take notes (I have my notebook for that). Secondly, I personalize my lessons to their goals and needs. I can cover a lot of topics: business, travelling, culture, etc. My Teaching Material Text Documents Audio Recordings Images and Visuals Video News Articles and Magazines Quizzes Example Test Templates Graphs and Charts Homework Assignments PowerPoint Presentations Read more
Hello everbody, I am an experienced and teaching-passionate language professional offering tailor-made Croatian (all levels), ... General English (Elementary, Beginner's, Intermediate & Upper-intermediate level) and Russian (Elementary & Intermediate level) Conversation lessons as well as Business English. The lessons are structured according to student's needs with a variety of interesting topics. A range of different teaching materials is used. I tend to apply mostly visual aids as, according to my experience, they help students most in memorising new words and language structures. During the lessons we are focusing on further development of communication skills but we are also exploring vocabulary, grammar and culture. We read and discuss various texts, analyze grammatical issues, listen to conversations and songs, play games and quizzes and more than anything, we TALK! That makes conversation lessons always interesting, useful and likeable. As an open and friendly person with an international family and experience of life in other countries, I enjoy meeting people of other cultures. I would be happy to get a chance to help people all over the world to learn the languages I teach. Perhaps you as well? Welcome! Dobro došli! Добро пожаловать! Welkom! Read more
Hello dear students :) It's Sanja here offerning all you lovely people Croatian conversation classes. I'm an experienced teacher working... in Spain and a native Croatian / Serbo-Croatian speaker. My expertise are conversational/communicative classes and pronunciation for all levels of Croatian language. I have been teaching adult conversation classes both in Serbo-Croatian and English for 4 years, thus I would love to help You on Your exciting journey of learning and communicating in a new language! :) Hope to hear from You soon! Sanja A. Read more