Gender and plural in Croatian
In Croatian there are 7 cases and 3 genders that are used to form a noun ( imenica ). Also we distinguish masculine and feminine form. Regarding these three characteristics, only genders are invariable, while cases and numerals change depending on the word they are referring to.
There are three genders in Croatian language:
- ženski rod (feminine gender)
- muški rod (masculine gender)
- srednji rod (neuter gender)
As Croatian language doesn't have articles in front of the nouns, it is harder to remember the genders of the words. In general always the starting point in declination of nouns is a case in Nominative. Try to remember the endings of nouns!
Masculine gender are the nouns with ending in an consonant.
Exception are some nouns in -a, as for example "vođa, vojvoda".
Feminine gender are the nouns with ending in -a.
Neuter gender are the nouns with ending in -o and -e.
|-o||oko, selo (eye, village)|
|-e||more, kazalište (sea, theatre)|
|jaje, dijete (egg, baby)|
Examples of all groups:
Moj grad je velik. = My city is big.
Selo se nalazi 40 kilometara od autoceste. = The village is situadet 40km far from the highway.
Hrvatska ima Jadransko more. = Croatia has Adriatic sea.
Njena majica je plave boje. = Her t-shirt is blue.
Singular and plural
As in many other languages, Croatian language has grammatical numbers as well. Those are singular and plural. Forming plural in the feminine and the neuter genders is very straightforward.
Plural of feminine
The -a at the end of the word changes into -e:
Plural of neuter
The final -o or -e in the word is always changed into -a:
Plural of masculine
In most cases the plural is formed by adding an -i at the end:
Exceptions in pluralisation of masculine nouns
For masculine nouns with only one syllabe, we add the ending -ovi
For the word that end in an -k , the plural changes to -ci
Masculine nouns of one syllable which end with a palatal consonant (i.e. č, ć, đ, dž, š, ž, lj, nj, j) receive the ending -evi
Words which end in -ac, lose the final -a and receive the ending -ci
A few common words don’t follow any of these rules, which it's best just to learn by heart.
There are some nouns which don't change their form when in plural, in general they indicate only one object (for ex. it can be a body part, leđa = back), or other nouns like: hlače, ljestve, vijesti, vrata, novine, usta, pluća (pants, ladders, news, doors, newspapers, mouth, lungs). On the other side some non-count nouns have only plural form, as for example scissors (nožice).
Kupila sam dvoje hlače. - I bought two pants.
Njena kuća ima četvora vrata. - Her kouse has a four doors.
Dnevno čitam troje novine. - I read three newspapers daily.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Croatian, English & Russian conversation lessons; Business English
I teach: Bosnian, Croatian, English, Russian
Hello everbody,I am an experienced and teaching-passionate language professional offering tailor-made Croatian (all levels), ... General English (Elementary, Beginner's, Intermediate & Upper-intermediate level) and Russian (Elementary & Intermediate level) Conversation lessons as well as Business English.The lessons are based on student's needs with a variety of interesting topics. A range of different teaching materials is used. I tend to apply mostly visual aids as, according to my experience, they helps students most to memorize the new words and language structures. During the lessons we are focusing on further development of your communication skills but we are also exploring vocabulary, grammar and culture. We read and discuss various texts, analyze grammatical issues, listen to conversations and songs, play games and quizzes and more than anything, we TALK! That makes conversation lessons always interesting, useful and likeable. As an open and friendly person with an international family and experience of life in other countries, I enjoy meeting people of other cultures. I would be happy to get a chance to help people all over the world to learn the languages I teach. Perhaps you as well? Welcome! Dobro došli! Добро пожаловать! Welkom! Read more
Croatian and English Lessons
I teach: Croatian, English
Hi! My name is Dora, I'm 24 years old and I live in Zagreb, Croatia. My native language is Croatian and I teach Croatian and English. I... love teaching and learning languages, translating, travelling, meeting new people and cultures and sharing the knowledge I have. Lessons are focused primarily on communication, enlarging vocabulary and improving grammar and pronounciation. We will adjust our lessons according to your needs and wishes. Let's get started! :) Read more
English, Italian, Croatian lessons
I teach: Croatian, English, Italian
I would like to outline my extensive experience, qualifications, and expertise in teaching English, Italian and Croatian (native). I believe I... possess the skills, qualifications and vital experience necessary for the role, but also the passion and dedication to lead students to succeed.I have over 10 years’ experience as an English teacher (including 2 years teaching in China in private training centers and a couple of months of online teaching), working with children aged 3 - 18 in schools and in a kindergarten. I taught also adults and offered private English lessons, too. In addition, I have a degree in English and Italian language and literature and am fluent in both as well as a native Croatian speaker. My previous work involved me traveling internationally, where I worked as an interpreter - in this role I worked under pressure and had to adapt to the culture of the country and I feel confident that I could apply that to this job. In my previous teaching roles, I took a resourceful and creative approach to teaching, organising competitions, field trips, and other activities in the aim of making learning a fun experience, and I believe that this approach was successful in seeing students achieving high results.I am extremely dedicated and reliable, with a strong passion for language. I have excellent interpersonal and communication skills making me a great team-player with the ability to motivate my students. Read more