Croatian interrogative pronouns

Interrogative pronouns or upitne zamjenice are pronouns that have an interrogative use. In other words 'question words' for example 'Who?'. In Croatian they have the same form as relative pronouns, they only vary in use. 

Type of interrogative pronouns

There are six different types of interrogative pronouns in Croatian language.

Croatian English
tko? who?
što? what?
koji? which?
čiji? whose?
kakav? how?
kolik? what?

 

Examples

  • Tko je taj čovjek? - Who is that man?
  • Koji je tvoj auto? - Which car is yours?
  • Kakav ti je posao? - How is your job?

 

Declension of interrogative pronouns

In declension interrogative pronouns change grammatical cases, they vary in numbers (singular and plural) and in genders.

enlightened  Remember when interrogative pronouns Tko? and Što? are declined they get the form of questions. The same question form that is used in declension of nouns.

Interrogative pronoun in singular

As an example of declension the interrogative pronoun "Koji?" is chosen:

  Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative koji koja koje
Genitive kojeg koje kojeg
Dative kojem kojoj kojem
Accusative kojeg, koji koju koje
Vocative x x x
Locative kojim kojoj kojim
Instrumental kojim kojoj kojim

 

enlightenedPay attention that there is no vocative case. And in accusative the form "koji" in masculine refers to non-living things. 

Interrogative pronoun in plural

  Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative koji koja koje
Genitive kojih kojih kojih
Dative kojim kojim kojim
Accusative koje koja koje
Vocative x x x
Locative kojim kojim kojim
Instrumental kojim kojim kojim

 

enlightenedPay attention that there is no vocative case in plural and that several cases have the same form in all genders!

After you have learnt everything about interrogative pronouns, it's time for exercises wink