The first category of the pronouns we will study are personal pronouns = osobne zamjenice. We will learn the types of pronouns and how to use them.

What is a personal pronoun?

A personal pronoun refers to a specific person, group of people or to an object. They are used to replace the name of a specific subject within the phrase. E.g. the person who speaks or the object we are talking about. 

In formal speech you in singular is written with upper case letters. If you refer to a group it is written with small letters.

  • Molim Vas dođite na vrijeme! = Please be on time!
  • Javljamo vam da je seminar odgođen. = We let you know that the seminar was postponed.

 

Declension of personal pronouns

enlightenedPay attention because personal pronouns have to be declined. Personal pronouns take different forms depending on number (singular or plural), gender, case or formality.

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Nominative case

Singular Plural
ja (me) mi (we)
ti (you) vi (you)
on (he) oni (they; masculine gender)
ona (she) one (they; feminine gender)
ono (it) ona (they; neuter gender)

 

Genitive case

Singular Plural
mene, me nas, nas
tebe, te vas, vas
njega, ga njih, ih
nje, je njih, ih
njega, ga njih, ih

 

Dative case

Singular Plural
meni, mi nama, nam
tebi, ti vama, vam
njemu, mu njima, im
njoj, joj njima, im
njemu, mu njima, im

 

Accusative case

Singular Plural
mene, me nas, nas
tebe, te vas, vas
njega, ga njih, ih
nju, ju, je njih, ih
njega, ga njih, ih

 

Vocative case

Vocative case has only 2nd person singular (ti) and 2nd person plural (vi).

Locative case

Singular Plural
meni nama
tebi vama
njemu, njem njima
njoj njima
njemu, njem njima

 

Instrumental case

Singular Plural
mnom, mnome nama
tobom vama
njim, njime njima
njom, njome njima
njim, njime njima

 

The atonic form of personal pronouns

enlightenedImportant feature of the personal pronouns is the existence of short or atonic forms in many cases. Pay attention that atonic forms come at the second place in the sentence according to the correct order of the word. The correct order would be "Koje ju skladbe opuštaju?" and not "Koje skladbe ju opuštaju?" ("Which compositions relax her?"). Keep in mind to always pose a related question word for every case.

There are tow rules you should follow regarding when to use atonic forms:

  • With the prepositions kroz, nad, pod, pred, uz ( through, over, under, front, next). An -a is added to prepositions. For ex. Kroza nj je prošao s autom. = Trough it he passed by car.
  • To avoid repeating the same syllabe. For example the atonic form in accusative ( for feminine gender, 3rd person singular ) is "je, ju". The correct version would be "Vidio ju je." and not "Vidio je je." 

 

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