Indefinite pronouns or neodređene zamjenice refer either to an unspecified person or group (someone, you, others) or to an absence of people or things (nobody)
In Croatian there are three types of indefinite pronouns
To remember the form of these pronouns pay attention to prefixes and sufixes used to create an unspecified pronoun. Two prefixes are used; -ne and -gdje, and one sufix in -god.
|prefix in -ne||prefix in -gdje||sufix in -god|
|netko (somebody)||gdjetko (whoever)||tkogod (whoever)|
|nešto (something)||gdješto (whatever)||štogod (whatever)|
|neki (some)||gdjekoji (whichever)||kojigod (whichever)|
|nekakav (some)||gdjekakav (whatever)||kakavgod (whatever)|
|nečiji (somebody's)||čijigod (whosever)|
The negative indefinite pronouns use the prefix -ni!
|prefix in -ni||English translation|
Pay attention to prefixes and to constructions made of two words!
|prefix in -i||prefix in-sva||ma + pronoun||prefix in -koje||bilo + pronoun||pronoun + god|
|itko (anyone)||svatko (everyone)||ma tko (whoever)||kojetko (anybody)||bilo tko (anyone)||tko god (whoever)|
|išta (anything)||svašta (everything)||ma što (whatever)||koješta (all sorts of things)||bilo što (anything)||što god (whatever)|
|ikoji (any)||svaki (everyone)||ma koji (whichever)||kojekakav (any)||bilo koji (anyone)||koji god (whichever)|
|ikakav (any)||svačiji (everyones)||ma kakav (whatever)||bilo čiji (anyones)||čiji god (whosoever)|
|svakakav (all sorts of)||ma čiji (whosoever)||bilo kakav (anyone)||kakav god (whatever)|
|sav (all)||ma kolik (whatever)|
Remember there are many different versions of the one indefinite pronoun (for ex."whatever" = što god, kakav god). There is no specific rule that determinates when to use which one!
Pronouns tkogod, štogod, kojigod, kakavgod, čijigod mean somebody or something.
Pronouns tko god, što god, koji god, čiji god, kakav god mean whoever and whatever.
Indefinite pronouns should be declined in gender, number and cases. As an example is chosen the pronoun "sav".
|Genitive||svih, sviju||svih, sviju||svih,sviju|
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