Croatian indefinite pronouns
Indefinite pronouns or neodređene zamjenice refer either to an unspecified person or group (someone, you, others) or to an absence of people or things (nobody)
Types of indefinite pronouns
In Croatian there are three types of indefinite pronouns
- neodređene (unspecified)
- niječne (negative)
- opće (universal)
Unspecified indefinite pronouns
To remember the form of these pronouns pay attention to prefixes and sufixes used to create an unspecified pronoun. Two prefixes are used; -ne and -gdje, and one sufix in -god.
|prefix in -ne||prefix in -gdje||sufix in -god|
|netko (somebody)||gdjetko (whoever)||tkogod (whoever)|
|nešto (something)||gdješto (whatever)||štogod (whatever)|
|neki (some)||gdjekoji (whichever)||kojigod (whichever)|
|nekakav (some)||gdjekakav (whatever)||kakavgod (whatever)|
|nečiji (somebody's)||čijigod (whosever)|
Negative indefinite pronouns
The negative indefinite pronouns use the prefix -ni!
|prefix in -ni||English translation|
Universal indefinite pronouns
Pay attention to prefixes and to constructions made of two words!
|prefix in -i||prefix in-sva||ma + pronoun||prefix in -koje||bilo + pronoun||pronoun + god|
|itko (anyone)||svatko (everyone)||ma tko (whoever)||kojetko (anybody)||bilo tko (anyone)||tko god (whoever)|
|išta (anything)||svašta (everything)||ma što (whatever)||koješta (all sorts of things)||bilo što (anything)||što god (whatever)|
|ikoji (any)||svaki (everyone)||ma koji (whichever)||kojekakav (any)||bilo koji (anyone)||koji god (whichever)|
|ikakav (any)||svačiji (everyones)||ma kakav (whatever)||bilo čiji (anyones)||čiji god (whosoever)|
|svakakav (all sorts of)||ma čiji (whosoever)||bilo kakav (anyone)||kakav god (whatever)|
|sav (all)||ma kolik (whatever)|
Remember there are many different versions of the one indefinite pronoun (for ex."whatever" = što god, kakav god). There is no specific rule that determinates when to use which one!
Difference in Croatian between što god and štogod
Pronouns tkogod, štogod, kojigod, kakavgod, čijigod mean somebody or something.
- Reci mi štogod. - Tell me something.
- Ako te tkogod upita, zaniječi! - If somebody asks you, say no!
Pronouns tko god, što god, koji god, čiji god, kakav god mean whoever and whatever.
- Što god da mi kažeš, neću te poslušati! - Whatever you tell me, I won't listen you!
- Tko god da te pita, nije tvoj problem! - Whoever asks you, it's not your problem!
Declension of indefinite pronouns
Indefinite pronouns should be declined in gender, number and cases. As an example is chosen the pronoun "sav".
Singular of the indefinite pronoun
Plural of the indefinite pronoun
|Genitive||svih, sviju||svih, sviju||svih,sviju|
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Croatian, English & Russian conversation lessons; Business English
I teach: Bosnian, Croatian, English, Russian
Hello everbody,I am an experienced and teaching-passionate language professional offering tailor-made Croatian (all levels), ... General English (Elementary, Beginner's, Intermediate & Upper-intermediate level) and Russian (Elementary & Intermediate level) Conversation lessons as well as Business English.The lessons are based on student's needs with a variety of interesting topics. A range of different teaching materials is used. I tend to apply mostly visual aids as, according to my experience, they helps students most to memorize the new words and language structures. During the lessons we are focusing on further development of your communication skills but we are also exploring vocabulary, grammar and culture. We read and discuss various texts, analyze grammatical issues, listen to conversations and songs, play games and quizzes and more than anything, we TALK! That makes conversation lessons always interesting, useful and likeable. As an open and friendly person with an international family and experience of life in other countries, I enjoy meeting people of other cultures. I would be happy to get a chance to help people all over the world to learn the languages I teach. Perhaps you as well? Welcome! Dobro došli! Добро пожаловать! Welkom! Read more
Croatian and English Lessons
I teach: Croatian, English
Hi! My name is Dora, I'm 24 years old and I live in Zagreb, Croatia. My native language is Croatian and I teach Croatian and English. I... love teaching and learning languages, translating, travelling, meeting new people and cultures and sharing the knowledge I have. Lessons are focused primarily on communication, enlarging vocabulary and improving grammar and pronounciation. We will adjust our lessons according to your needs and wishes. Let's get started! :) Read more
Group lessons possible
English, Italian, Croatian lessons
I teach: Croatian, English, Italian
I would like to outline my extensive experience, qualifications, and expertise in teaching English, Italian and Croatian (native). I believe I... possess the skills, qualifications and vital experience necessary for the role, but also the passion and dedication to lead students to succeed.I have over 10 years’ experience as an English teacher (including 2 years teaching in China in private training centers and a couple of months of online teaching), working with children aged 3 - 18 in schools and in a kindergarten. I taught also adults and offered private English lessons, too. In addition, I have a degree in English and Italian language and literature and am fluent in both as well as a native Croatian speaker. My previous work involved me traveling internationally, where I worked as an interpreter - in this role I worked under pressure and had to adapt to the culture of the country and I feel confident that I could apply that to this job. In my previous teaching roles, I took a resourceful and creative approach to teaching, organising competitions, field trips, and other activities in the aim of making learning a fun experience, and I believe that this approach was successful in seeing students achieving high results.I am extremely dedicated and reliable, with a strong passion for language. I have excellent interpersonal and communication skills making me a great team-player with the ability to motivate my students. Read more