Indefinite pronouns or neodređene zamjenice refer either to an unspecified person or group (someone, you, others) or to an absence of people or things (nobody)
In Croatian there are three types of indefinite pronouns
To remember the form of these pronouns pay attention to prefixes and sufixes used to create an unspecified pronoun. Two prefixes are used; -ne and -gdje, and one sufix in -god.
|prefix in -ne||prefix in -gdje||sufix in -god|
|netko (somebody)||gdjetko (whoever)||tkogod (whoever)|
|nešto (something)||gdješto (whatever)||štogod (whatever)|
|neki (some)||gdjekoji (whichever)||kojigod (whichever)|
|nekakav (some)||gdjekakav (whatever)||kakavgod (whatever)|
|nečiji (somebody's)||čijigod (whosever)|
The negative indefinite pronouns use the prefix -ni!
|prefix in -ni||English translation|
Pay attention to prefixes and to constructions made of two words!
|prefix in -i||prefix in-sva||ma + pronoun||prefix in -koje||bilo + pronoun||pronoun + god|
|itko (anyone)||svatko (everyone)||ma tko (whoever)||kojetko (anybody)||bilo tko (anyone)||tko god (whoever)|
|išta (anything)||svašta (everything)||ma što (whatever)||koješta (all sorts of things)||bilo što (anything)||što god (whatever)|
|ikoji (any)||svaki (everyone)||ma koji (whichever)||kojekakav (any)||bilo koji (anyone)||koji god (whichever)|
|ikakav (any)||svačiji (everyones)||ma kakav (whatever)||bilo čiji (anyones)||čiji god (whosoever)|
|svakakav (all sorts of)||ma čiji (whosoever)||bilo kakav (anyone)||kakav god (whatever)|
|sav (all)||ma kolik (whatever)|
Remember there are many different versions of the one indefinite pronoun (for ex."whatever" = što god, kakav god). There is no specific rule that determinates when to use which one!
Pronouns tkogod, štogod, kojigod, kakavgod, čijigod mean somebody or something.
Pronouns tko god, što god, koji god, čiji god, kakav god mean whoever and whatever.
Indefinite pronouns should be declined in gender, number and cases. As an example is chosen the pronoun "sav".
|Genitive||svih, sviju||svih, sviju||svih,sviju|
Anthony, thank you for your words! I am happy to know that you are satisfied with the course and that you enjoy the lessons so much. It is a pleasure for me too! I like to witness your improvement, class after class, and I am sure that you will achieve your goal soon. Con mucho gusto!
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Ciao Robbie, thanks a lot for your feedback. I'm very happy you like the classes together and I'll do my best to keep them as fun and interesting as possible :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thanks a lot. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Thank you Philippe for your beautiful words. Yours sincerely.
Thank you Muhammed, you were a precious and diligent student
Dear Erik thank you so much for your great feedback !!!!!
Many thanks to you Clemence. See you! :-))))
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