Croatian indefinite pronouns
Indefinite pronouns or neodređene zamjenice refer either to an unspecified person or group (someone, you, others) or to an absence of people or things (nobody)
Types of indefinite pronouns
In Croatian there are three types of indefinite pronouns
- neodređene (unspecified)
- niječne (negative)
- opće (universal)
Unspecified indefinite pronouns
To remember the form of these pronouns pay attention to prefixes and sufixes used to create an unspecified pronoun. Two prefixes are used; -ne and -gdje, and one sufix in -god.
|prefix in -ne||prefix in -gdje||sufix in -god|
|netko (somebody)||gdjetko (whoever)||tkogod (whoever)|
|nešto (something)||gdješto (whatever)||štogod (whatever)|
|neki (some)||gdjekoji (whichever)||kojigod (whichever)|
|nekakav (some)||gdjekakav (whatever)||kakavgod (whatever)|
|nečiji (somebody's)||čijigod (whosever)|
Negative indefinite pronouns
The negative indefinite pronouns use the prefix -ni!
|prefix in -ni||English translation|
Universal indefinite pronouns
Pay attention to prefixes and to constructions made of two words!
|prefix in -i||prefix in-sva||ma + pronoun||prefix in -koje||bilo + pronoun||pronoun + god|
|itko (anyone)||svatko (everyone)||ma tko (whoever)||kojetko (anybody)||bilo tko (anyone)||tko god (whoever)|
|išta (anything)||svašta (everything)||ma što (whatever)||koješta (all sorts of things)||bilo što (anything)||što god (whatever)|
|ikoji (any)||svaki (everyone)||ma koji (whichever)||kojekakav (any)||bilo koji (anyone)||koji god (whichever)|
|ikakav (any)||svačiji (everyones)||ma kakav (whatever)||bilo čiji (anyones)||čiji god (whosoever)|
|svakakav (all sorts of)||ma čiji (whosoever)||bilo kakav (anyone)||kakav god (whatever)|
|sav (all)||ma kolik (whatever)|
Remember there are many different versions of the one indefinite pronoun (for ex."whatever" = što god, kakav god). There is no specific rule that determinates when to use which one!
Difference in Croatian between što god and štogod
Pronouns tkogod, štogod, kojigod, kakavgod, čijigod mean somebody or something.
- Reci mi štogod. - Tell me something.
- Ako te tkogod upita, zaniječi! - If somebody asks you, say no!
Pronouns tko god, što god, koji god, čiji god, kakav god mean whoever and whatever.
- Što god da mi kažeš, neću te poslušati! - Whatever you tell me, I won't listen you!
- Tko god da te pita, nije tvoj problem! - Whoever asks you, it's not your problem!
Declension of indefinite pronouns
Indefinite pronouns should be declined in gender, number and cases. As an example is chosen the pronoun "sav".
Singular of the indefinite pronoun
Plural of the indefinite pronoun
|Genitive||svih, sviju||svih, sviju||svih,sviju|
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