Croatian possessive pronouns
Possessive pronouns or posvojne zamjenice are used to show, that a noun belongs to somebody or something. For example (mine, yours, hers) in Croatian language possessive pronouns are declined as adjectives which depend on:
- case (padež)
Gender of possessive pronouns
The possessive pronouns can have three genders. In Croatian they respond to questions: čiji?, čija?, čije?
masculine gender: Čiji je to auto? ( Whose car is this?)
feminine gender: Čija je to torba? (Whose bag is this?)
neuter gender: Čije je dijete? (Whose child is this?)
Number of possessive pronouns
Below is the declension of possessive pronouns in all genders and persons.
To indicate the possession of the 3rd person singular or plural endings in -ov (masculine) / -ovo (feminine) and -in (masculine) / -ina (feminine) are added to the object which is possessing.
- Vlasnik auta je Ivan. (Ivan is the owner of the car.) - To je Ivanov auto. (It's Ivan's car.)
- Ivana ima torbu. (Ivana has a bag.) - To je Ivanina torba. (It's Ivana's bag.)
Declension of the possessive pronouns
In the following table is an example of declension of the possessive pronoun "moj".
Remember all possessive pronouns should be always declined in singular and plural form, in grammatical cases and genders.
|Genitive||mojega, moga||mojega, moga||moje|
|Dative||mojemu, mom||mojemu, mom||mojoj|
|Locative||mojemu, mom||mojemu, mom||mojoj|
The following cases coincide in singular: nominative and vocative, dative and locative. Pay attention that sometimes masculine and neuter gender have the same form.
In general in plural coincide possessive pronoun form of dative, vocative and instrumental.
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