Verbal adjective in Croatian

When to use the verbal adjective in Croatian?

The verbal adjective or glagolski pridjev is a simple verbal form. It can be active or passive. We use it to form verbal tenses, such as: perfect, imperfect, pluperfect. Both types of verbal adjectives have their own endings.

Active verbal adjective

The active verbal adjective is formed by adding endings -o, -la, -lo (in singular) and -li, -le, -la (in plural) to the verb's base infinitive form. With active verbal adjective are formed perfect, pluperfect, future II., conditional I. and conditional II.

enlightenedVerbal adjective change it's form in gender and in number (singular and plural).

Conjugation of the active verbal adjective

Auxiliary verb "Biti"

  Singular Plural
Masculine gender bio bili
Feminine gender bila bile
Neuter gender bilo bila

 

Auxiliary verb "Htjeti"

  Singular Plural
Masculine gender htio htjeli
Feminine gender htjela htjele
Neuter gender htjelo htjela

 

Passive verbal adjective

The passive verbal adjective is formed by adding endings to the verb's base infinitive form. With passive verbal adjective are formed passive voice and adjectives. 

Example of a adjective form: Donio je mljevene orahe. - He brought minced nouts.

enlightenedThere are four groups of endings in: - n, -en, -jen, -t

Conjugation of the passive verbal adjective

Example of the 1st group

As an example for the group with endings in: -n, -na, -no, -ni, -ne, -na is chosen the verb "donijeti" (to bring)

  Singular Plural
Masculine gender donesen doneseni
Feminine gender donesena donesene
Neuter gender doneseno donesena

 

Example of the 2nd group

As an example for the group with endings in: -en, -ena, -eno, -eni, -ene, -ena is chosen the verb "koristiti" (to use)

  Singular Plural
Masculine gender korišten korišteni
Feminine gender korištena korištene
Neuter gender korišteno korištena

 

Example of the 3rd group

As an example for the group with endings in: -jen, -jena, -jeno, -jeni, -jene, -jena is chosen the verb "piti" (to drink)

  Singular Plural
Masculine gender pijen pijeni
Feminine gender pijena pijene
Neuter gender pijeno pijena

 

Example of the 4th group

As an example fr the group with endings in: -t, -ta, -to, -ti, -te, -ta is chosen the verb "nasuti" (to cover)

  Singular Plural
Masculine gender nasut nasuti
Feminine gender nasuta nasute
Neuter gender nasuto nasuta