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The present tense or prezent is a grammatical tense that we use to talk about:
1. The action in present situation
Sada čitam novine. - Now I read the newspapers.
Na poslu sam. - I am at work.
2. Narrative present (Used to talk about an action that started in a specific time in past and continues into the present)
Moj prijatelj živi u Engleskoj već pet godina. - My friend has been living in England for 5 years now.
3. A habit or repeated action
Često igram tenis. - I play tennis often.
Inače idem na more. - Usually I go to the sea.
4. A wish or command
Želim kupiti auto. - I would like to buy a car.
Prestani pričati! - Stop to talk!
5. In proverbs or to express near future
Idem kući za pet minuta. - I am going home in five minutes.
Bez muke, nema nauke. - Hard work brings rewards.
Present simple tense is used with adverbs of frequency.
The present tense in Croatian language is formed by adding corresponding endings to the verb's base form in 1st person singular. There are four groups of endings -em, -jem, -am, -im.
For ex. pisati; piš (verb's base form in present, 1st person sing.) + em (ending) = pišem
It's necessary to learn endings by heart!
|Person / Number||-em / pisati (to write)||-jem / ratovati (to war)||-am / pjevati (to sing)||-im / raditi (to work)|
Croatian language has two auxiliary verbs: biti (to be) and htjeti (to want). These verbs have different atonic, tonic and negative form, and the verb "biti" has also a perfective aspect form that is used in formation of the futur II.
|Person||Atonic form||Tonic form||Negative form||Pefective aspect form|
|Person||Atonic form||Tonic form||Negative form|
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