Nouns in Croatian

In the following lessons we will talk about one of the most important sentence elements, the nouns = imenice. Together with verbs they are the base of a sentence. In general nouns are describing living creatures, plants, terms or any other object. In Croatian as in other Slavic languages they don't come along with articles. Additionally, nouns belong to the declinable part of the speech. 

What are you going to learn?

1. Masculine, feminine or neuter gender

There are three different genders in Croatian language. The nouns can have: 

muški rod; grad (city) = masculine gender

ženski rod; kuća (house) = feminine gender

srednji rod; slovo (letter) = neuter gender


2. Singular and plural 

As in many other languages, Croatian language has grammatical numbers singular and plural. There are different rules depending on gender they are reffering to. Also there are many exceptions in pluralisation of masculine nouns.

grad - gradovi = city - cities

kuća - kuće = house - houses

slovo - slova = letter - letters


3.  Declention of nouns and types of grammar cases in Croatian

Do you know what is declention? In this part we will explain declention of nouns by grammatical cases. Croatian has 7 cases: nominativ, genitiv, dativ, akuzativ, vokativ, lokativ, instrumental.

Here an example of the word fakultet (faculty): 

Nominativ fakultet
Genitiv fakulteta
Dativ fakultetu
Akuzativ fakultet
Vokativ fakultete
Lokativ fakultetu
Instrumental  fakultetom


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Next lessons

1 Gender and plural in Croatian Learn about Croatian nouns
2 Croatian cases Learn grammatical cases