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The pluperfect or pluskvamperfekt is a grammatical tense that we use to talk about:
1. An action that happened before another action in the past
Kada je Marko došao u Argentinu, tamo su već bili živjeli neki Hrvati. - When Marko came to Argentina, there had already lived some Croats.
In daily conversations the pluperfect is replaced by perfect tense.
Here are some time markers that will help you to use it properly.
Kada je on došao kući, ja sam već bio otišao. - When he came at home, I had already gone.
Prije nego sam otišao na praznike, bio sam kupio sve potrebne stvari. - Before I went to vacation I had bought all the necessary things.
The pluperfect tense is formed by: perfect or imperfect form of the auxiliary verb "Biti" + endings for the verbal adjective (endings in the singular: -o, -la, -lo and for the plural -li, -le, -la) are added to the corresponding verb.
Auxiliary and given verb change in gender!
|Ja||sam bio bio||sam bila bila|
|Ti||si bio bio||si bila bila|
|On/Ona||je bio bio||je bila bila|
|Mi||smo bili bili||smo bile bile|
|Vi||ste bili bili||ste bile bile|
|Oni/One||su bili bili||su bile bile|
|Ja||bijah bio||bijah bila|
|Ti||bijaše bio||bijaše bila|
|On/Ona||bijaše bio||bijaše bila|
|Mi||bijasmo bili||bijasmo bile|
|Vi||bijaste bili||bijaste bile|
|Oni/One||bijahu bili||bijahu bile|
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