The imperative is a grammatical mood that forms commands or requests, including giving permission or declaring a prohibition or any other kind of advice or exhortation. 

Formation of the Croatian imperative

In Croatian the imperative exists in all persons except of the 1st person singular. The imperative is only formed by the verbs ending. 

enlightenedThe exception is the 3rd person singular and plural which is formed by: personal pronoun + word "neka" + present of the corresponding verb.

  • On neka pjeva! = Let him sing!
  • Oni neka pjevaju! = Let them sing!

Conjugation of the imperative mood

There are three groups of endings for the imperative form. Choosing the correct group is based on the verb's ending.

Person 1st group (verb ends -ti) 2nd group (verb ends -ći) 3rd group (verb with the reflexive pronoun -se)
I - - -
You -j -i -j
He, She -neka + verb -neka + verb -neka + verb
We  -mo -imo -jmo
You  -te -ite -jte
They - neka + verb -neka + verb -neka + verb

 

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Example 1st group

As an example for the first group with verbs ending in -ti is chosen the verb "pjevati" (to sing)

Person Verb
I -
You pjevaj!
He, She neka pjeva!
We pjevajmo!
You pjevajte!
They neka pjevaju!

 

Example 2nd group

As an example for the second group with verbs ending in -ći is chosen the verb "sijeći" (to cut)

Person Verb
I -
You sijeci!
He, She neka sijeće!
We sijecimo!
You sijecite!
They neka sijeću!

 

Example 3rd group

As an example for the third group for verbs with the reflexive pronoun "se" is chosen the verb "smijati se" (to laugh)

Person  Verb
I -
You smij se!
He, She neka se smije!
We smijmo se!
You smijte se!
They neka se smiju!

 

Remember there is no 1st person singular in imperative mood and 3rd person of singular and plural has special formation! smiley