Croatian relative pronouns

Relative pronouns or odnosne zamjenice establish a relationship between simple sentences by replacing the noun. In the Croatian language they have the same form as interrogative pronouns, they only vary in use.

Chart of Croatian relative pronouns

There are six different types of relative pronouns in the Croatian language.

Croatian English
tko? who?
što? what?
koji? which?
čiji? whose?
kakav? how?
kolik? what?

 

When to use relative pronouns?

Relative pronouns are used in dependent sentences. Relative pronouns correlate principal sentence with other dependent sentences to give a full logical meaning to the sentence. They change depending on gender, number and case.

enlightened Pay attention that they have the same declension rules as interrogative pronouns! In the accusative case of the masculine gender the form "koji" refers to non-living things.

Examples

  • To je kaput koji sam nosio. (incorrect: To je kaput kojeg sam nosio) - That's the coat I wore.
  • To je pas kojeg sam imao. - That's the dog I had.
  • Je li me tko tražio? - Did somebody search for me?
  • Imaš li kakvu majicu? - Do you have some t-shirt? 
  • Kad naiđeš čija je torba, javi mi. - When you find whose is the bag, let me know.

 

For the declension check the lesson about interrogative pronounssmiley