Croatian language has seven different tenses or glagolskih vremena, expressing past, present and future. Each one of them is formed with corresponding endings and signal words.
Present tense in Croatian is used to express the action in present situation or in the near future, a habit or repeated action, and a wish or command.
There are four groups of endings in -em, -jem, -am, -im.
Inače idem na more. - Usually I go to the sea.
Future I. tense
The future I. tense is used to express actions that will be performed after the moment of speaking, used to express the future in the past, for an action that will happen after another action in the past.
The future I. is formed by: atonic present form of the auxiliary verb "htjeti" + infinitive
Večeras ću ići u kino. - Tonight I am going to the cinema.
Future II. in Croatian
The future II. express the action that happens before another future action and the action that will happen at the same time as another future action.
The future II. is formed by: perfect aspect form in present of the auxiliary verb "biti" + endings of the verbal adjective
Prije nego budeš išao doma, pokaži mi sliku. - Before you go home, show me the photo.
The perfect tense is used to express an action performed in a specific time in the past, an action that lasted in the past.
The perfect tense is formed by: atonic form of the auxiliary verb "biti" + endings of the verbal adjective
Radila sam za tu agenciju pet godina. - I worked for that agency for five years.
The imperfect tense is used to express habits or repeated action in the past, or to express an action that took place simultaneously with another one.
The imperfect tense in Croatian is formed by adding corresponding endings to the verb's present base form. There are three groups of endings in -ah, -jah, -ijah.
Zvaše je često. - He used to call her very often.
The pluperfect tense is used to express an action that happened before another action in the past.
The pluperfect tense is formed by: perfect or imperfect form of the auxiliary verb "Biti" + endings for the verbal adjective
Kada je on došao kući, ja sam već bio otišao. - When he came at home, I had already gone.
The aorist tense is used to express an action that happened in the past recently after another past action, and to express short, fast and dynamic actions (in literature).
The aorist tense in Croatian language is formed by adding one of the two groups of endings in -h or -oh to the verb's base infinitive form.
Upravo dođoh kući. - I just came home.
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Hello everbody,I am an experienced and teaching-passionate language professional offering tailor-made Croatian (all levels), ... General English (Elementary, Beginner's, Intermediate & Upper-intermediate level) and Russian (Elementary & Intermediate level) Conversation lessons as well as Business English.The lessons are based on student's needs with a variety of interesting topics. A range of different teaching materials is used. I tend to apply mostly visual aids as, according to my experience, they helps students most to memorize the new words and language structures. During the lessons we are focusing on further development of your communication skills but we are also exploring vocabulary, grammar and culture. We read and discuss various texts, analyze grammatical issues, listen to conversations and songs, play games and quizzes and more than anything, we TALK! That makes conversation lessons always interesting, useful and likeable. As an open and friendly person with an international family and experience of life in other countries, I enjoy meeting people of other cultures. I would be happy to get a chance to help people all over the world to learn the languages I teach. Perhaps you as well? Welcome! Dobro došli! Добро пожаловать! Welkom! Read more
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