Aorist in Croatian
When to use the aorist tense in Croatian?
The aorist is a grammatical tense that we use to talk about:
1. An action that happened in the past recently after another past action
Upravo pročitah vrlo smiješan novinski članak. - I just read a very funny newspaper article.
2. Short, fast and dynamic actions (mostly in literature)
Oni dođoše i otjeraše druge. - They came and chased away others.
In daily conversations is replaced by perfect tense. It's use is common in literature.
Here are some time markers that will help you to use it properly.
|nema što||right after|
Upravo dođoh kući. - I just came home.
Nema što upalih televiziju, telefon je zazvonio. - Right after I turned on TV, the phone rang.
The aorist tense in Croatian language is formed by adding corresponding endings to the verb's base infinitive form. There are two groups of endings;
|Person||1st group||2nd group|
For ex. bi (verb's base infinitive form) + h (ending) = bih (aorist 1st person singular)
Conjugation of auxiliary verbs "Biti" and "Htjeti"
Conjugation example of the 1st group in -h
Verbs with the ending in -ti make part of the 1st conjugation group.
As an example is chosen the verb "učiniti" (to do)
|Person||1st group in -h|
Conjugation example of the 2nd group in -oh
Verbs with the ending in -ći make part of the 2nd conjugation group.
As an example is chosen the verb "reći" (to say)
|Person||2nd group in -oh|
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