# Numbers and counting in Slovak

## Exercises

Learning how to count in Slovak will help you to express for example:

- how old are you
- how many siblings you have
- how much should you pay
- your telephone number

In this lesson you will learn how to count from 0-10 000! There are certain rules when writing numbers, but we promise you will be able to write and say number 5 743 in Slovak!

## Lesson Outline

Hide- 1.Cardinal Numbers in Slovak
- 1.1.Numbers from 0 to 10
- 1.2.Numbers from 11 to 19
- 1.3.Numbers from 20 to 90
- 1.3.1.Examples:
- 1.4.Numbers from 100 to1 000
- 1.4.1.Examples:
- 1.5.Numbers from 1 000 to 10 000
- 1.5.1.Examples:
- 2.Ordinal numbers
- 2.1.Numbers from 0-10
- 2.2.Numbers from 11-20
- 2.3.Numbers from 21
- 3.Basic mathematical signs
- 3.1.Examples:
- 4.Using the numbers in the conversation
- 4.1.Example dialogs:

## Cardinal Numbers in Slovak

Let´s find out how to say cardinal numbers from 0 - 10 000!

### Numbers from 0 to 10

We pronounce the words this way: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.

Counting from 0 - 10 | Počítanie od 0 - 10 |
---|---|

zero | nula |

one | jeden |

two | dva |

three | tri |

four | štyri |

five | päť |

six | šesť |

seven | sedem |

eight | osem |

nine | deväť |

ten | desať |

It is very important to learn those by heart, as they represent the base of the following numbers.

### Numbers from 11 to 19

Slovak suffix "**-násť**" is equivalent to English "-teen". However, "-násť" is used already from number 11 (compared to English, starting from 13-thirteen).

We pronounce the words this way: 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19.

How to say number from 11-19? Only add the affix "-násť" to the numbers from 1-9. There are some small changes in the highlighted words you need to pay attention to:

Counting from 11 - 20 | Počítanie od 11 - 20 |
---|---|

eleven | jedenásť |

twelve | dvanásť |

thirteen | trinásť |

fourteen | štrnásť |

fifteen | pätnásť |

sixteen | šestnásť |

seventeen | sedemnásť |

eighteen | osemnásť |

nineteen | devätnásť |

###

Numbers from 20 to 90

You can check the table below to see how the numbers look. General rule is to add the affix "**-dsať**" (20, 30, 40) or "**-desiat**" (50, 60, 70, 80, 90).

We pronounce the words this way: 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90.

Counting from 20 - 100 | Počítanie od 20 - 100 |
---|---|

twenty | dvadsať |

thirty | tridsať |

forty | štyridsať |

fifty | päťdesiat |

sixty | šesťdesiat |

seventy | sedemdesiat |

eighty | osemdesiat |

ninety | deväťdesiat |

Here is an example how to create numbers from 21-29 and the rule applies for all other tens.

We pronounce the words this way: 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29.

Note that the numbers are written together, without space or dash.

Counting from 21 - 29 | Počítanie od 21 - 29 |
---|---|

twenty-one | dvadsaťjeden |

twenty-two | dvadsaťdva |

twenty-three | dvadsaťtri |

twenty-four | dvadsaťštyri |

twenty-five | dvadsaťpäť |

twenty-six | dvadsaťšesť |

twenty-seven | dvadsaťsedem |

twenty-eight | dvadsaťosem |

twenty-nine | dvadsaťdeväť |

#### Examples:

- 32 = tridsaťdva
- 94 = deväťdesiatštyri
- 54 = päťdesiatštyri
- 87 = osemdesiatsedem
- 76 = sedemdesiatšesť

###

Numbers from 100 to1 000

You are almost there! Now we show you how to create hundreds. Simply add the affix "**-sto**" at the end of the basic numbers.

We pronounce the words this way: 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900, 1000.

Counting from 100 - 1 000 | Počítanie od 100 - 1 000 |
---|---|

one hundred | sto |

two hundred | dvesto |

three hundred | tristo |

four hundred | štyristo |

five hundred | päťsto |

six hundred | šesťsto |

seven hundred | sedemsto |

eight hundred | osemsto |

nine hundred | deväťsto |

one thousand | tisíc |

Note that there is a small change in "dv**e**sto". It is "**dvesto**", not "dvasto".

#### Examples:

- 457 = šytristopäaťdesiatsedem
- 789 = sedemstoosemdesiatdeväť
- 321 = tristodvadsaťjeden
- 615 = šesťstopätnásť
- 101 = stojeden
- 120 = stodvadsať

### Numbers from 1 000 to 10 000

Here again the same rule applies. Just add the affix "**-tisíc**" to the cardinal number!

English | Slovak |
---|---|

1 000 | tisíc |

2 000 |
dvetisíc |

3 000 | tritisíc |

4 000 | štyritisíc |

5 000 | päťtisíc |

6 000 | šesťtisíc |

7 000 | sedemtisíc |

8 000 | osemtisíc |

9 000 | deväťtisíc |

10 000 | desaťtisíc |

Note that there is a small change in "dv**e**tisíc". It is "**dvetisíc**", not "dvatisíc".

#### Examples:

- 1 458 = tisícštyristopäťdesiatosem
- 8 200 = osemtisícdvesto
- 3 631 = tritisícšesťstotridsaťjeden
- 2 592 = dvetisícpäťstodeväťdesiatdva

Now you can write down the number 5 743 in Slovak!

We will help you: päťtisícsedemstoštyridsaťtri!

## Ordinal numbers

Knowing the ordinal numbers will help you to express for example what is the date today!

### Numbers from 0-10

Ordinal numbers from 0 - 10 |
Radové číslovky od 0 - 10 (masculine, feminine, neutral) |
---|---|

0 | nultý, nultá, nulté |

1st | prvý, prvá, prvé |

2nd | druhý, druhá, druhé |

3rd | tretí, tretia, tretie |

4th | štvrtý, štvrtá, štvrté |

5th | piaty, piata, piate |

6th | šiesty, šiesta, šieste |

7th | siedmy, siedma, siedme |

8th | ôsmy, ôsma, ôsme |

9th | deviaty, deviata, deviate |

10th | desiaty, desiata, desiate |

###

Numbers from 11-20

Ordinal numbers from 11 - 20 | Radové číslovky od 11 - 20 |
---|---|

11th | jedenásty, jedenásta, jedenáste |

12th | dvanásty, dvanásta, dvanáste |

13th | trinásty, trinásta, trináste |

14th | štrnásty, štrnásta, štrnáste |

15th | pätnásty, pätnásta, pätnáste |

16th | šestnásty, šestnásta, šestnáste |

17th | sedemnásty, sedemnásta, sedemnáste |

18th | osemnásty, osemnásta, osemnáste |

19th | devätnásty, devätnásta, devätnáste |

20th | dvadsiaty, dvadsiata, dvadsiate |

###

Numbers from 21

Higher numbers are created by putting the numbers together. For example:

- 21st= dvadsiaty prvý/dvadsiata prvá/ dvadsiate prvé
- 25th= dvadsiaty piaty/dvadsiata piata/dvadsiate piate

[enlightened] Note that unlike the ordinary numbers, the ordinal numbers are not written together!

- 21 = dvadsaťjeden but 21st = dvadsiaty prvý

## Basic mathematical signs

To read the basic mathematical equations, you will need these:

The sign | Slovak |
---|---|

+ | plus |

- | mínus |

x | krát |

÷ | deleno |

= | rovná sa / sa rovná |

### Examples:

- 2 + 2 = 4 read as dva plus dva sa rovná štyri
- 16 - 5 = 11 read as šesťnásť mínus päť sa rovná jedenásť
- 200 ÷ 2 = 100 read as dvesto deleno dva sa rovná sto
- 3 x 4 = 12 read as tri krát štyri sa rovná dvanásť

## Using the numbers in the conversation

You have learnt how to say the numbers. Now you can use it in a conversation!

English | Slovak |
---|---|

a year | rok |

I am 1 year old. | Mám jeden rok. |

I am 2/3/4 years old. | Mám 2/3/4 roky. |

I am 5/6/...120 years old. | Mám 5/6/...120 rokov. |

How much? / How many? | Koľko? |

### Example dialogs:

Jana: Aké je tvoje telefónne číslo?* (What is your phone number?)*

Katka: Moje telefónne číslo je plus štyri dva jeden deväť nula tri dva šesť päť jeden šesť deväť. *(My phone number is +421 903 265 169.)*

Ján: Koľko máš rokov? *(How old are you?)*

Fero: Mám päťdesiatštyri rokov. *(I am 54 years old.)*

Anna: Koľko vážiš? *(How much you weigh?)*

Lucia: Vážim 95 kíl. *(I weigh 95 kilos.)*

Adam: Koľkého je dnes? *(What is the date today?)*

Monika: Dnes je šesťnásty marec. *(Today is 16th of March.)*

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