• Slovak language course for beginners
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  • 1 Slovak alphabet and letters
  • 2 Slovak pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Slovak keyboard and how to type Slovak letters [0/3]
  • 4 Greetings and how to say Hello in Slovak [0/3]
  • 5 Introduce yourself in Slovak [0/2]
  • 6 Colours in Slovak [0/3]
  • 7 Numbers and counting in Slovak [0/4]
  • 8 Telling the time in Slovak [0/3]
  • 9 Talk about the weather in Slovak [0/3]
  • 10 Days of the week, months and seasons in Slovak [0/3]
  • 11 Body parts and head parts in Slovak [0/3]
  • 12 Food and drinks in Slovak [0/3]
  • 13 Order food in Slovak [0/3]
  • 14 Express opinions in Slovak [0/3]
  • 15 Feelings and emotions in Slovak [0/2]
  • 16 I love you in Slovak [0/3]
  • 17 Party and how to say Happy Birthday in Slovak [0/2]
  • 18 Asking directions in Slovak [0/2]
  • 19 Travel and transportation related words in Slovak [0/4]
  • 20 At the doctors vocabulary in Slovak [0/4]
  • 21 At the post office in Slovak [0/3]
  • 22 Describe the family in Slovak [0/3]
  • 23 Talking about hobbies in Slovak [0/3]
  • 24 Clothes in Slovak [0/4]
  • 25 House, room, furniture vocabulary in Slovak [0/3]
  • 26 Nature and animals names in Slovak [0/3]
  • 27 School and Classroom vocabulary in Slovak [0/3]
  • 28 Work related vocabulary in Slovak [0/3]
  • 29 Slovak names for countries and languages [0/2]
  • Let´s learn how to express what day, month or season is it, or more specifically, what date is it.

    Remember the vocabulary:

    English Slovak
    a day deň
    a week týždeň
    a weekend víkend
    a month mesiac
    a season ročné obdobie
    What is your favourite season? Aké je tvoje obľúbené ročné obdobie?
    When? Kedy?

     

    Slovak names of the days of the week

    There are 7 days in a week, which are listed below. To answer the question WHEN something happened add "v" before the day of the week. It means the same as "on" Monday.

    enlightenedRemember, that Slovak days are written with small initial letters.

    English Slovak
    Monday pondelok
    Tuesday utorok
    Wednesday streda
    Thursday štvrtok
    Friday piatok
    Saturday sobota
    Sunday nedeľa

    Example:

    • V pondelok ráno. = On Monday morning.
    • V stredu poobede. = On Wednesday afternoon.

    enlightenedOBS! Streda, sobota, nedeľa change the enging from "-a" to "-u". V stredu, v sobotu, v nedeľu.

     

    Learn how to say Slovak months 

    In Slovakia, we have 12 names of the months similar to English. We also use "v" in front of the months to express WHEN.

    enlightenedThe exception is, we say "vo" instead of "v" with the month of February. 

    English Slovak
    January, in January január, v januári
    February, in Februry február, vo februári
    March, in March marec, v marci
    April, in April apríl, v apríli
    May, in May máj, v máji
    June, in June jún, v júni
    July, in July júl, v júli
    August, in August august, v auguste
    September, in September september, v septembri
    Otober, in October október, v októbri
    November, in November november, v novembri
    December, in December december, v decembri


    You can see some exceptions with creating the names of the months together with "v" or "vo".

    • Always add "i" at the end of the month. (v marc= in march)
    • Exception is August, where you add "e" instead of "i". (v august= in august)
    • In 5 months you delete "e" from the second letter from the end => marec = v marciThose months are: marec, september, október, november, december.

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    How to say seasons in Slovak language

    We also have 4 different seasons. To express WHEN, you also use "v", meaning "in". The only exception is "in spring" what we translate as "na jar".

    seasons

    English spring summer autumn winter
    Slovak jar leto jeseň zima

    In the season

    na jar v lete v jeseni v zime

    Example:

    • V lete je teplo. = In the summer, it is warm.
    • V zime je zima. = In the winter, it is cold.
    • Vianoce sú v zime. = Christmas is in the winter.

    How do I write the date in Slovak?

    It is pretty simple. You already know how to say ordinal numbers. Now you only need to change the ending of the words and you can express the date.

    You learned that all of the ordinal numbers end with "-ý/-í/-y". Just remove it and add "-ého" or "eho". It depends on whether the word ended with long vowel or short vowel. If the word ended with long vowel "-ý" or "-í" you add "-ého". If the word ended with short vowel "y" or "i" you add "-eho". This is the way how to create the date consisting of a day and a month.

    • 1. - prvý = prvého
    • 10. - desiaty = desiateho
    • 27. - dvadsiaty siedmy = dvadsiateho siedmeho
    • 31. - tridsiaty prvý = tridsiateho prvého

    enlightenedOnly exception is "tretí", where it changes to "tretieho". 

    • Dnes je tretieho februára. = Today it is 3rd of February.

    Also the names of the months change - all the rules as mentioned above applies, only you change ending "-i" to "-a".

    Example:

    • 21st May= dvadsiateho prvého mája
    • 4th March= štvrtého marca
    • 17th October= sedemnásteho októbra

    enlightenedGood to know! Equivalent to English st,nd,rd,th is adding a dot after the number instead. Example: 1st is the same as 1. in Slovak.

    Example dialog

    Recap this lesson with this example dialog!

    Marek: Dnes je zima.  Aké je tvoje obľúbené ročné obdobie? (Today it is cold. What is your favourite season?)

    Jozef: Mám rád leto. A tvoje? (I like summer. And yours?)

    Marek: Moje obľúbené ročné obdobie je jeseň. Mimochodom, koľkého je? (My favourite season is autumn. By the way, what date is it?)

    Jozef: Dnes je nedeľa, šiesteho januára. Zajtra je pondelok. (Today is Sunday 6th of January. Tomorrow is Monday.)

    Marek: Ďakujem. A kedy príde tvoja mama? (Thank you. And when is your mother coming?)

    Jozef: Budúcu nedeľu, trinásteho januára. Kedy sú tvoje narodeniny? (Next Sunday, 13th of January. When is your birthday?)

    Marek: Veľa zábavy. Moje narodeniny sú štrnásteho januára a tvoje? (Have fun. My birthday is in the winter, 14th of January, yours?)

    Jozef: Skvelé. Moje narodeniny sú na jar, tretieho marca. (Great. My birthday is in spring, 3rd of March.)

     

    Now you are ready to practice with some exercises!