Colours in Slovak
In this lesson you will learn the names of basic colours, you will find out how to name the Slovak flag colours and how to say the different colours of the hair too.
Here are some useful words and phrases needed for this lesson:
|What colour is it?||Aká je to farba?|
|It is... (red) colour.||To je... (červená) farba.|
How to say the colours in Slovak
In Slovak language, you can create variations of adjectives according to the gender of the noun. There are 3 genders:
- "mužský rod" or masculine gender, typically with an affix "-ý" (hned-ý = brown)
- "ženský rod" or feminine gender, typically with an affix "-á" (žlt-á = yellow)
- "stredný rod" or neutral gender, typically with an affix "-é" (zelen-é = green)
Let's have a look at the list of colours:
|English||Slovak - masculine|
|purple / violet||fialový|
Note that in "biely" and "čierny" the affix is short "-y" instead of "-ý". This applies also to feminine and neutral gender and Plural. (biel-a, not biel-á and biel-e, not biel-é).
When creating Plural of the adjective, simply change the affix "-ý" for "-é" (sivý slon, siv-é slony = grey elephant, grey elephants)
- biely dom (m.) = white house
- zelená farba (f.) = green colour
- modré nebo (n.) = blue sky
- žlté banány (Pl.) = yellow bananas
When you want to ask a person what is their favourite colour or to say yours, you will need this:
|What is your favourite colour?||Aká je tvoja obľúbená farba?|
|My favourite colour is blue.||Moja obľúbená farba je modrá.|
The colours of the Slovak flag
The Slovak flag consists of 3 colours.
The 3 colours are: "biela, modrá, červená".
- You need to know! The white double cross inside signifies the christian faith of Slovaks and the blue part represents 3 famous Slovak hills- Tatra, Matra, Fatra.
Shades of colours
When talking about colours, there are different shades which can be expressed by adding proverbs in front of the adjectives.
- svetlo modrá = light blue
- tmavo modrá = dark blue
- svetlo zelená = light green
- tmavo zelená = dark green
How to say hair colours in Slovak?
"čierne vlasy"= black hair
"Ona má čierne vlasy." = She has black hair.
"hnedé vlasy"= brown hair
"Ona má hnedé vlasy." = She has brown hair.
"blond vlasy"= blonde hair
"Ona má blond vlasy."= She has blonde hair.
"sivé vlasy"= grey hair
"Ona má sivé vlasy." = She has grey hair.
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