• Estonian course for beginners
  • 1 Estonian alphabet
  • 2 Estonian pronunciation
  • 3 Estonian keyboard and how to type letters
  • 4 How to say hello in Estonian [0/2]
  • 5 Introducing yourself in Estonian [0/2]
  • 6 Telling the time in Estonian [0/2]
  • 7 Numbers and counting in Estonian [0/3]
  • 8 Days of the week, months and seasons in Estonian [0/3]
  • 9 Describing people and characters in Estonian [0/2]
  • 10 Describing the family in Estonian [0/3]
  • 11 Colours in Estonian [0/3]
  • 12 Body parts in Estonian [0/3]
  • 13 Clothes in Estonian [0/3]
  • 14 Animal names in Estonian [0/3]
  • 15 Order food in Estonian [0/3]
  • 16 Birthday wishes and congratulations in Estonian [0/2]
  • 17 Asking for directions in Estonian [0/3]
  • 18 Grocery shopping in Estonian [0/3]
  • 19 Expressing feelings in Estonian [0/2]
  • 20 How to say I love you in Estonian [0/2]
  • 21 Talking about hobbies in Estonian [0/2]
  • 22 Talk about the weather in Estonian [0/2]
  • 23 Describing your home in Estonian [0/2]
  • 24 Travel and transportation in Estonian [0/2]
  • 25 Business words in Estonian [0/2]
  • Talk about the weather in Estonian

    What's the weather like? Is it sunny or raining? Let's take a look on how to describe the meteorological conditions in Estonian.

    Basic weather vocabulary

    Firstly, let's learn the basic nouns and adjectives related to weather.


    English Estonian (noun) Estonian (adjective)
    Weather Ilm -
    Weather forecast Ilmaennustus / prognoos -
    Weather report Ilmateade -
    Sky Taevas -
    Moon Kuu -
    Stars Tähed -
    Sun, sunny Päike Päikeseline
    Rain, rainy Vihm Vihmane
    Cloud, cloudy Pilv Pilvine
    Wind, windy Tuul Tuuline
    Fog, foggy Udu Udune
    Snow, snowy Lumi Lumine
    Ice, icy Jää Jäine
    Storm, stormy Torm Tormine
    Thunder, thundery Äike Äikeseline
    Lightning Välk -
    Rainbow Vikerkaar -



    Adjectives to describe weather

    English Estonian
    Cold Külm
    Freezing Jäine
    Warm Soe
    Hot Kuum / Palav
    Humid Niiske
    Nice Ilus
    Bad Halb

    enlightened It is possible to add 'Väga' (Very) or 'Liiga' (Too) in front of the adjective.

    • Liiga kuum on - It is too hot.
    • Ilm on väga külm - The weather is very cold.

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    Verbs and phrases to describe the weather


    English Estonian
    To be Olema
    The weather is ... Ilm on ...
    To shine Paistma
    The sun is shining. Päike paistab.
    To fall / pour Sadama
    It is raining. Vihma sajab.
    It is snowing. Lund sajab.
    Is it snowing? Kas lund sajab?
    I am cold. Mul on külm. (Literally: I have cold)
    How is the weather today? Mis ilm täna on?
    How is the weather going to be tomorrow? Mis ilma homseks lubab?
    How many degrees is outside? Mitu kraadi väljas on? 
    It's 20 degrees outside. Väljas on 20 kraadi.


    enlightened Like in English there are usually two options to describe the weather:

    • Ilm on päikeseline. --- The weather is sunny.

               Päike paistab. --- The sun is shining.


    • Ilm on vihmane. --- The weather is rainy. 

               Vihma sajab. --- It is raining.



    Example dialogue

    Marta: Mis ilm täna on? --- How is the weather today?

    Kristo: Ilm on päikeseline, aga tuuline. --- The weather is sunny but windy.

    Marta: Mitu kraadi väljas on? --- How many degrees is outside?

    Kristo: 29 kraadi. Mul on väga palav. --- It's 29 degrees. I am very hot.

    Marta: Mis ilma homseks lubab? --- How is the weather going to be tomorrow?

    Kristo: Homme on ilm vihmane ja külm. Ilmselt on oodata ka äikest. --- Tomorrow is going to be rainy and cold. Probably we can even expect thunder.

    Marta: Vähemalt ei saja lund! --- At least it won't be snowing!


    yes Train your weather vocabulary with the exercises!


    Exercise: Weather vocabulary

    Exercise: Describing the weather