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What's the weather like? Is it sunny or raining? Let's take a look on how to describe the meteorological conditions in Estonian.
Firstly, let's learn the basic nouns and adjectives related to weather.
|English||Estonian (noun)||Estonian (adjective)|
|Weather forecast||Ilmaennustus / prognoos||-|
|Hot||Kuum / Palav|
It is possible to add 'Väga' (Very) or 'Liiga' (Too) in front of the adjective.
|The weather is ...||Ilm on ...|
|The sun is shining.||Päike paistab.|
|To fall / pour||Sadama|
|It is raining.||Vihma sajab.|
|It is snowing.||Lund sajab.|
|Is it snowing?||Kas lund sajab?|
|I am cold.||Mul on külm. (Literally: I have cold)|
|How is the weather today?||Mis ilm täna on?|
|How is the weather going to be tomorrow?||Mis ilma homseks lubab?|
|How many degrees is outside?||Mitu kraadi väljas on?|
|It's 20 degrees outside.||Väljas on 20 kraadi.|
Like in English there are usually two options to describe the weather:
Päike paistab. --- The sun is shining.
Vihma sajab. --- It is raining.
Marta: Mis ilm täna on? --- How is the weather today?
Kristo: Ilm on päikeseline, aga tuuline. --- The weather is sunny but windy.
Marta: Mitu kraadi väljas on? --- How many degrees is outside?
Kristo: 29 kraadi. Mul on väga palav. --- It's 29 degrees. I am very hot.
Marta: Mis ilma homseks lubab? --- How is the weather going to be tomorrow?
Kristo: Homme on ilm vihmane ja külm. Ilmselt on oodata ka äikest. --- Tomorrow is going to be rainy and cold. Probably we can even expect thunder.
Marta: Vähemalt ei saja lund! --- At least it won't be snowing!
Train your weather vocabulary with the exercises!
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