• Estonian course for beginners
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  • 1 Estonian alphabet
  • 2 Estonian pronunciation
  • 3 Estonian keyboard and how to type letters
  • 4 How to say hello in Estonian [0/2]
  • 5 Introducing yourself in Estonian [0/2]
  • 6 Telling the time in Estonian [0/2]
  • 7 Numbers and counting in Estonian [0/3]
  • 8 Days of the week, months and seasons in Estonian [0/3]
  • 9 Describing people and characters in Estonian [0/2]
  • 10 Describing the family in Estonian [0/3]
  • 11 Colours in Estonian [0/3]
  • 12 Body parts in Estonian [0/3]
  • 13 Clothes in Estonian [0/3]
  • 14 Animal names in Estonian [0/3]
  • 15 Order food in Estonian [0/3]
  • 16 Birthday wishes and congratulations in Estonian [0/2]
  • 17 Asking for directions in Estonian [0/3]
  • 18 Grocery shopping in Estonian [0/3]
  • 19 Expressing feelings in Estonian [0/2]
  • 20 How to say I love you in Estonian [0/2]
  • 21 Talking about hobbies in Estonian [0/2]
  • 22 Talk about the weather in Estonian [0/2]
  • 23 Describing your home in Estonian [0/2]
  • 24 Travel and transportation in Estonian [0/2]
  • 25 Business words in Estonian [0/2]
  • Days of the week, months and seasons in Estonian

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise: Fill in the blanks with Estonian days, months and seasons Score -/-
    2. Exercise: months in Estonian Score -/-
    3. Exercise: Match the days of the week Score -/-

    So far you have learned the numbers and how to tell the time. Now it's time to find out the names of the months, seasons and days of the week. After this lesson you will be able to write a complete date!

    Days of the week

    The names of the days are written with a small letter.

    English Estonian
    Day päev
    Week nädal
    Weekend nädalavahetus
    Monday esmaspäev
    Tuesday teisipäev
    Wednesday kolmapäev
    Thursday neljapäev
    Friday reede
    Saturday laupäev
    Sunday pühapäev

    enlightened Notice that 'reede' (friday) is the only one that doesn't have the word 'päev' (day) in it.

    For saying WHEN something happened, -AL must be added to the end of the word (equivalent to ON Monday in English). 

    • Ma lähen poodi teisipäeval - I am going to the shop on Tuesday.
    • Ta sündis neljapäeval - She was born on Thursday
    • Täna on reede - Today is Friday

     

    The ​12 months in Estonian

    Months are also written with a small letter.

    For saying IN which month something happened, the word has to be declined in the inessive case. Usually it means adding -IS or -S (if the last letter of the month is i) to the end of the word.

    English Estonian (nominative case, inessive case)
    Month kuu
    January jaanuar, jaanuaris
    February veebruar, veebruaris
    March märts, märtsis
    April aprill, aprillis
    May mai, mais
    June juuni, juunis
    July juuli, juulis
    August august, augustis
    September september, septembris
    October oktoober, oktoobris
    November november, novembris
    December detsember, detsembris

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    Examples

    • Ma lähen kooli septembris - I am going to the school in September
    • Praegu on oktoober - Now it's October
    • Ta sünnipäev on mais - Her birthday is in May
    • Kas sa lähed augustis reisile? Will you go travelling in August?

    Seasons of the year

    English Estonian
    Year aasta
    Season aastaaeg
    Spring kevad
    Summer suvi
    Autumn sügis
    Winter talv

    For saying WHEN something happened -EL must be added to the name of the season.

    Spring

     

    Kevadel läheb ilm soojemaks - The weather gets warmer in spring.

     

     

    Summer 

     

    Ma lähen suvel randa - In the summer I will go to the beach.

     

     

     

    Autumn

    Halloween on sügisel - Halloween is in autumn.

     

     

     

    Winter

    Talvel tuleb meile külla jõuluvana - Santa will visit us in winter.

     

     

     

    Asking about the date and day in Estonian

    English Estonian
    What's the date today? Mis kuupäev täna on?
    Today is 7th September Täna on 7. september
    What day is it? Mis päev täna on?
    Today is Monday Täna on esmaspäev

    Writing the dates in Estonian is easy: 8. november

    However reading this is more difficult because you have to know the ordinal numbers: kaheksas november (instead of kaheksa)

     

    Example dialogue

    Marta: Mis kuupäev täna on? --- What's the date today?

    Laura: Täna on 12. mai --- Today is 12th May.

    Marta: Aga mis päev? --- But what day is it?

    Laura: Täna on kolmapäev. --- It's Wednesday.

    Marta: Mis kuus sa sündinud oled? --- In which month were you born?

    Laura: Ma sündisin aprillis --- I was born in April.

    Marta: Ja kas kevad on su lemmikaastaaeg? --- And is sping your favourite season?

    Laura: Ei, mu lemmik on suvi. --- No, my favourite is summer.

     

    yes Continue to the exercises to practice what you have learned so far!