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Colours in Estonian

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In this lesson you will learn the names of the basic colours in Estonian. In addition, you will find out how you can use them to describe items and people. 

List of colours in Estonian

Colours don't have a gender in Estonian and they can be used the same way for both males and females. However, when the noun is plural then the colour also has to be in the plural form.

ColourEstonian (singular, plural)
black BlackMust, mustad
grey GreyHall, hallid
white WhiteValge, valged
blue BlueSinine, sinised
turquoise TurquoiseTürkiis, türkiisid
green GreenRoheline, rohelised
yellow YellowKollane, kollased
orange OrangeOranž, oranžid
red RedPunane, punased
pink PinkRoosa, roosad
purple PurpleLilla, lillad
brown BrownPruun, pruunid
silver SilverHõbedane, hõbedased
golden GoldenKuldne, kuldsed
beige BeigeBeež, beežid

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Examples

  • See maja on hall --- This house is grey.
  • Mu särk on roosa --- My shirt is pink.
  • Apelsinid on oranžid --- Oranges are orange.
  • Viinamarjad on lillad --- Grapes are purple.

 

Shades of colours: light and dark

Notice that in Estonian, 'hele' and 'tume' are written together with the name of the colour.

ColourEstonian
light red Light redHelepunane
dark red Dark redTumepunane
light blue Light blueHelesinine
dark blue Dark blueTumesinine

 

Hair colours in Estonian

blondeBlonde = Blond 

She has blonde hair = Tal on blondid juuksed

She is blonde = Ta on blond

 

redheadRedhead = Punapea

She has red hair = Tal on punased juuksed

She is a redhead = Ta on punapea

 

brownhairBrown hair = Pruunid juuksed

She has brown hair = Tal on pruunid juuksed

She is a brunette = Ta on brünett

 

blackhairBlack hair = Mustad juuksed

She has black hair = Tal on mustad juuksed

She is dark-haired = Ta on tumedapäine

 

greyhairGrey hair = Hallid juuksed

She has grey hair = Tal on hallid juuksed

She is grey-haired = Ta on hallipäine

 

The colours of the Estonian flag

The Estonian flag has 3 colours:

estonianflag Blue = Sinine

 Black = Must

 White = Valge

Estonian flag is blue-black-white = Eesti lipp on sini-must-valge

 

How to ask what colour is this in Estonian?

EnglishEstonian
What colour is this?Mis värvi see on?
This is ...See on ...
Do you have this in another colour?Kas seda on teist värvi?

 

Example dialogue

Karmen: Mis värvi see pluus on? --- What colour is this shirt?

Sten: See pluus on kollane. --- This shirt is yellow.

Karmen: Kas seda on teist värvi ka? --- Do you also have this in another colour?

Sten: Jah, meil on ka punast, sinist ja musta. --- Yes, we also have it in red, blue and black.

Karmen: Kas sinine on hele või tume? --- Is the blue light or dark?

Sten: See on helesinine. --- This is light blue.

 

yes Now continue to the exercises to practice the colours in Estonian!


Exercises

  1. Exercise: Memory game with Estonian colours
  2. Exercise: Describe using colours
  3. Exercise: Match the colours

Exercise: Memory game with Estonian colours


Exercise: Describe using colours


Exercise: Match the colours


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