Describing the family in Estonian
What could be more important than the family? In this lesson we learn how to talk about your family members in Estonian.
|My family||Minu perekond|
|Child, children||Laps, lapsed|
The same word is used for both husband and wife.
|Grandson (the son of your son)||Pojapoeg|
|Grandson (the son of your daughter)||Tütrepoeg|
|Granddaughter (the daughter of your son)||Pojatütar|
|Granddaughter (the daughter of your daughter)||Tütretütar|
|Nephew (the son of your brother)||Vennapoeg|
|Nephew (the son of your sister)||Õepoeg|
|Niece (the daughter of your brother)||Vennatütar|
|Niece (the daughter of your sister)||Õetütar|
The in-laws are the members of the family of your spouse or via marriage in your family.
|Father-in-law (the father of your spouse)||Äi|
|Mother-in-law (the mother of your spouse)||Ämm|
|Son-in-law (the husband of your daughter)||Väimees|
|Daughter-in-law (the wife of your son)||Minia|
|Brother-in-law (the husband of your sister)||Õemees|
|Sister-in-law (the wife of your brother)||Vennanaine|
Other useful expressions
In the table below you can learn how to ask about someone's family and how to describe yours.
|Tell me about your family||Räägi mulle oma perest|
|Describe your family||Kirjelda oma peret|
|Do you have any brothers or sisters?||Kas sul on õdesid või vendi?|
|I have one sister||Mul on üks õde|
|My parents are divorced||Mu vanemad on lahutatud|
|My parents are married||Mu vanemad on abielus|
|He/she is single||Ta on vallaline|
|My father's name is X||Mu isa nimi on X|
|My mother is X years old||Mu ema on X aastat vana|
Teele: Räägi mulle oma perest. --- Describe me your family.
Lauri: Meid on kokku kuus: mina, ema, isa, kaks õde ja üks vend. --- There's six of us: me, mother, father, two sisters and one brother.
Teele: Mis su vanemate nimed on? --- What are the names of your parents?
Lauri: Mu isa nimi on Mihkel ja ema nimi on Maarika. --- My father's name is Mihkel and my mother's name is Maarika.
Teele: Kui vanad su õed ja vend? --- How old are your sisters and brother?
Lauri: Üks õde on 13 aastat vana, teine on 15 aastat vana ja mu vend on 6 aastat vana. --- One sister is 13 years old, the other is 15 and my brother is 6.
Teele: Kas su vanemad on abielus? --- Are your parents married?
Lauri: Ei, nad ei ole abielus, aga nad on koos. --- No, they are not married but they are together.
Congratulations! Now you can tell everyone about your family. Do the exercises to practice everything you learned!
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