• Estonian course for beginners
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  • 1 Estonian alphabet
  • 2 Estonian pronunciation
  • 3 Estonian keyboard and how to type letters
  • 4 How to say hello in Estonian [0/2]
  • 5 Introducing yourself in Estonian [0/2]
  • 6 Telling the time in Estonian [0/2]
  • 7 Numbers and counting in Estonian [0/3]
  • 8 Days of the week, months and seasons in Estonian [0/3]
  • 9 Describing people and characters in Estonian [0/2]
  • 10 Describing the family in Estonian [0/3]
  • 11 Colours in Estonian [0/3]
  • 12 Body parts in Estonian [0/3]
  • 13 Clothes in Estonian [0/3]
  • 14 Animal names in Estonian [0/3]
  • 15 Order food in Estonian [0/3]
  • 16 Birthday wishes and congratulations in Estonian [0/2]
  • 17 Asking for directions in Estonian [0/3]
  • 18 Grocery shopping in Estonian [0/3]
  • 19 Expressing feelings in Estonian [0/2]
  • 20 How to say I love you in Estonian [0/2]
  • 21 Talking about hobbies in Estonian [0/2]
  • 22 Talk about the weather in Estonian [0/2]
  • 23 Describing your home in Estonian [0/2]
  • 24 Travel and transportation in Estonian [0/2]
  • 25 Business words in Estonian [0/2]
  • Numbers and counting in Estonian

    Learning the numbers is very important because it will help you express yourself in daily conversations. For example: 

    • your phone number

    • how old you are

    • telling the time

    • how many siblings you have

    This lesson will help to learn counting till 1 million!

    Numbers from 0-10

    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

    Number Estonian translation
    0 Null
    1 Üks
    2 Kaks
    3 Kolm
    4 Neli
    5 Viis
    6 Kuus
    7 Seitse
    8 Kaheksa
    9 Üheksa
    10 Kümme

     

    Numbers from 11-20

    11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

     '-teist' is equivalent to English '-teen' but it is used from the number 11 already (compared to English, starting from the number 13)

    Number Estonian translation
    11 Üksteist
    12 Kaksteist
    13 Kolmteist
    14 Neliteist
    15 Viisteist
    16 Kuusteist
    17 Seitseteist
    18 Kaheksateist
    19 Üheksateist
    20 Kakskümmend

     

    Numbers from 20-100

    20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100

    The rule is to add '-kümmend' after each number

    Number Estonian translation
    20 Kakskümmend
    30 Kolmkümmend
    40 Nelikümmend
    50 Viiskümmend
    60 Kuuskümmend
    70 Seitsekümmend
    80 Kaheksakümmend
    90 Üheksakümmend
    100 Sada

    For composing numbers between tens. You must first say the ten and then the first digit. Note that the numbers are written separately (without a dash)

    Number Estonian translation
    21 Kakskümmend üks
    22 Kakskümmend kaks
    23 Kakskümmend kolm
    34 Kolmkümmend neli
    45 Nelikümmend viis
    56 Viiskümmend kuus
    67 Kuuskümmmend seitse
    78 Seitsekümmend kaheksa
    89 Kaheksakümmend üheksa
    99 Üheksakümmend üheksa

     

    Numbers from 100-1000

    100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900, 1000

    '-sada' is added for composing the hundreds. 

    Number Estonian translation
    100 Sada
    200 Kakssada
    300 Kolmsada
    400 Nelisada
    500 Viissada
    600 Kuussada
    700 Seitsesada
    800 Kaheksasada
    900 Üheksasada
    1000 Tuhat

     

    Thousands and millions 

    For speaking of thousands and millions, it is enough to say the number and then add 'tuhat' (thousand) or 'miljon' (million). 

    Number Estonian translation
    1000 (Üks) tuhat
    2000 Kaks tuhat
    3000  Kolm tuhat
    1 000 000 Üks miljon
    2 000 000 Kaks miljonit
    5 000 000 Viis miljonit

    enlightened The word 'miljon' can only be used for 1 million. For bigger numbers it has to be in the accusative case which is 'miljonit'.

    Examples

    • 1 345 928 Üks miljon kolmsada nelikümmend viis tuhat üheksasada kakskümmend kaheksa

    • 2 450 672 Kaks miljonit nelisada viiskümmend tuhat kuussada seitsekümmend kaks

    • 5 901 239 Viis miljonit üheksasada üks tuhat kakssada kolmkümmend üheksa

    • 1.5 million Üks koma viis miljonit (Instead of saying one point five we say one comma five)

    More useful vocabulary to talk about numbers

    English Estonian translation
    Quarter Veerand
    Half Pool
    Whole Terve
    - (minus) Miinus
    + (plus) Pluss

     

    Ordinal numbers 1-20 in Estonian

    Number Estonian
    1st Esimene
    2nd Teine
    3rd Kolmas
    4th Neljas
    5th Viies
    6th Kuues
    7th Seitsmes
    8th Kaheksas
    9th Üheksas
    10th Kümnes
    11th Üheteistkümnes
    12th Kaheteistkümnes
    13th Kolmeteistkümnes
    14th Neljateistkümnes
    15th Viieteistkümnes
    16th Kuueteistkümnes
    17th Seitsmeteistkümnes
    18th Kaheksateistkümnes
    19th Üheksateistkümnes
    20th Kahekümnes

     

    Example dialogues

    Anna: Kui vana sa oled? --- How old are you?

    Marko: Ma olen neljakümne viie aastane --- I am 45 years old

     

    Jaanika: Mis su telefoninumber on? --- What's your phone number?

    Sten: Mu number on pluss kolm seitse kaks viis viis kolm üks kaks null kaks --- My number is +372 55 31 202

     

    Natalja: Mis kell on? --- What's the time?

    Maarika: Kell on neli kakskümmend viis --- It's 4:25

     

    yesCongratulations! You have learned how to count in Estonian. Now do the exercises to practice writing the numbers.

    Exercises

    Exercise: Match the numbers from 1-10

    Fill in the blanks exercise about Estonian numbers

    Exercise: write the numbers in Estonian