Let's start from the beginning of learning the Estonian language - the alphabet!
Luckily, learning the Estonian alphabet is quite easy since it is based on the Latin alphabet. However, due to German influence, there are also vowels such as Ä, Ö, Ü. The alphabet also differs from the Latin alphabet by the addition of the letters Š and Ž and by the position of Z. Probably the most distinctive letter is the vowel Õ.
The official alphabet consists of 27 letters. However, the letters F, Š, Z, Ž are so-called "foreign letters" (võõrtähed), and occur only in loanwords and foreign proper names. Additionally C, Q, W, X and Y are used in writing foreign proper names but they are not officially part of the alphabet. Including all the foreign letters, the Estonian alphabet consists of 32 letters.
Letters of the Estonian alphabet
|Letter||Name of the letter||Phonetic||Sound in a word|
|Õ,õ||õõ||[ɤː]||no counterpart in English|
|Ü,ü||üü||[yː]||no counterpart in English|
Estonian vowels and consonants
The letters can be divided into two groups:
- Vowels: A, E, I, O, U, Õ, Ä, Ö, Ü
- Consonants: B, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, Z, Ž, T, V
Unique Estonian letters
Also, there are six letters that are unique to the Estonian alphabet:
- Ä, Ö, Ü, Õ, Š, Ž
|Õun (Apple)||Ülane (Anemone)|
|Garaaž (Garage)||Šimpans (Chimpanzee)|
|Ämblik (Spider)||Öö (Night)|
Congratulations! You have completed the first step of learning Estonian. Continue to the next lesson to learn the pronunciation.
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Hi,First of all, I would like to congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. Whether it is Estonian, English or... Russian, beginner, advanced or Business language - you are in the right place.My name is Martin and I am coming from a tiny country in the Northern Europe called Estonia. One of my biggest hobbies is teaching and educating others, that is why for the past 3 years I have been living and working in Istanbul while teaching English to different age groups: kindergarten, school, university as well as adults. I have had students from Beginners to Advanced as well as several businessmen and CEOs of international companies located in Istanbul. What is more, for the last 2 years I have been teaching Estonian, English and Russian online through Skype that gave me chance to meet people from all over the world and help them on their journey of learning foreign languages in a comfortable and enjoyable environment.We are going to have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice! As simple as it is :)During the lessons we will focus on making you speak even with the limited vocabulary because speaking is the key to learning a new language quickly and in a fun way!Cannot wait to receive your in-mail and help you on your journey to learn and speak a foreign language.Martin Read more