Questions in Estonian
- Translation exercise question words Score -/-
Questions using interrogatives
In Estonian the questions usually begin with a question-word or interrogative term. The word order is the same as in an ordinary sentence (especially if the subject is a personal pronoun).
- Kus ta elab? 'Where does he live?' (lit: Where he lives?)
- Kes see on? 'Who is that? (lit: Who that is?)
- Millal sa jõuad? 'When will you arrive? (lit: When you will arrive?)
|Who?||Kes?||Kes sa oled? (Who are you?)|
|What?||Mis?||Mis see on? (What is this?)|
|Whose?||Kelle?||Kelle jakk see on? (Whose jacket is this?)|
|Where?||Kus?||Kus pood on? (Where is the shop?)|
|Where to?||Kuhu?||Kuhu sa lähed? (Where are you going?)|
|Where from?||Kust?||Kust sa pärit oled? (Where are you from?)|
|When?||Millal?||Millal pidu algab? (When does the party start?)|
|How?||Kuidas?||Kuidas sa end tunned? (How are you feeling?)|
|Why?||Miks?||Miks sa siin oled? (Why are you here?)|
|How many?||Mitu?||Mitu kleiti sul on? (How many dresses do you have?)|
|With who?||Kellega?||Kellega sa koos olid? (Who where you together with?)|
|With what?||Millega?||Millega ma retseptis muna asendada võin? (With what can I replace the eggs in the recipe?)|
|To who?||Kellele?||Kellele sa raha andsid? (Who did you give the money to?)|
|On what?||Millele?||Millele sa kogu oma raha kulutasid? (What did you spend all your money on?)|
|From who?||Kellelt?||Kellelt sa selle seeliku said? (From who did you get this skirt?)|
Missugune neist sinu oma on? (Which one of these is yours?)
Missugune ta välja näeb? (How does he look like?)
1) Questions which can be answered with either Jah 'Yes' or Ei 'No' and normally begin with a verb in English, begin with a special interrogative Kas in Estonian. This question-word is followed by the normal word order of a declarative sentence.
Poiss laulab. 'The boy is singing,'
Kas poiss laulab? 'Is the boy singing?'
2) In the spoken language sometimes the questions might have a reverse word order and/or lack question-words.
Oled sa kodus? 'Are you at home?'
Tuled sa ka? 'Are you coming as well?'
A declarative sentence can sometimes be turned into a question without changing the word order nor adding question-word, but by a change in tone or inflection. In English, this is done by raising the tone at the end of the sentence. In Estonian, the tone is raised in the middle (where the verb is) and it comes back to normal level at the end.
- Sa lähed ju homme peole? 'You are of course going to the party tomorrow?'
3) Occasionally the affirmative answer to a question is given by the verb of the question, conjugated to agree with the implied subject. Often the word Küll 'sure(ly)' is used for giving emphasis.
- Kas te kõik tulete? 'Are you all coming?
Tuleme küll. '(Yes,) we sure are.'
- Kas sa arvad, et ta on ilus? 'Do you think she is pretty?'
Arvan küll. '(Yes,) I sure do.'
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Hi,First of all, I would like to congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. Whether it is Estonian, English or... Russian, beginner, advanced or Business language - you are in the right place.My name is Martin and I am coming from a tiny country in the Northern Europe called Estonia. One of my biggest hobbies is teaching and educating others, that is why for the past 3 years I have been living and working in Istanbul while teaching English to different age groups: kindergarten, school, university as well as adults. I have had students from Beginners to Advanced as well as several businessmen and CEOs of international companies located in Istanbul. What is more, for the last 2 years I have been teaching Estonian, English and Russian online through Skype that gave me chance to meet people from all over the world and help them on their journey of learning foreign languages in a comfortable and enjoyable environment.We are going to have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice! As simple as it is :)During the lessons we will focus on making you speak even with the limited vocabulary because speaking is the key to learning a new language quickly and in a fun way!Cannot wait to receive your in-mail and help you on your journey to learn and speak a foreign language.Martin Read more
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