• Estonian grammar
  • 1 Estonian sentence structure [0/2]
  • 2 Estonian nouns [0/3]
  • 3 Estonian pronouns [0/3]
  • 4 Estonian cases [0/11]
  • 5 Estonian verbs [0/8]
  • 6 Estonian adjectives [0/1]
  • 7 Estonian prepositions and postpositions [0/1]
  • 8 Estonian adverbs [0/1]
  • Present perfect (täisminevik) in Estonian

    Like in English, the present perfect is used to express having done something in the past. E.g I have visited Portugal many times.

    How to form the present perfect in Estonian?

    The present perfect (täisminevik in Estonian) is composed of the present tense form of the auxiliary verb olema 'to be' and the -nud participle.

    Example: verb joonistama 'to draw'

    English Estonian
    I have drawn Ma olen joonistanud
    You have drawn Sa oled joonistanud
    He/She has drawn Ta on joonistanud
    We have drawn Me oleme joonistanud
    You have drawn Te olete joonistanud
    They have drawn Nad on joonistanud


    enlightened In some expressions and in poetry, the helping verb olema 'to be' may be omitted..

    • Kes palju käinud, see palju näinud. --- He who has travelled much, has seen much.


    The negative form

    The negative form of the present perfect consists of ei ole (or pole) and -nud participle, for all persons in the singular and plural.

    English Estonian  
    I have not drawn Ma ei ole joonistanud Ma pole joonistanud
    You have not drawn Sa ei ole joonistanud Sa pole joonistanud


    yes Train your skills with exercises!


    Exercise: conjugating verbs in the present perfect