• Estonian grammar
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  • 1 Estonian sentence structure [0/2]
  • 2 Estonian nouns [0/3]
  • 3 Estonian pronouns [0/3]
  • 4 Estonian cases [0/11]
  • 5 Estonian verbs [0/8]
  • 6 Estonian adjectives [0/1]
  • 7 Estonian prepositions and postpositions [0/1]
  • 8 Estonian adverbs [0/1]
  • The -ma infinitive

    When to use the -ma infinitive?

    The -ma infinitive is used in the following instances:

    1) after verbs of motion, such as:

    English Estonian
    to go minema
    to come tulema
    to run jooksma
    to drive, ride sõitma
    to sit istuma
    to put, set panema
    • Ma lähen välja sööma. --- I will go out to eat.
    • Pane raadio mängima. --- Turn the radio on. (lit: put the radio to play)
    • Ma tulin siia pidutsema. --- I came here to party.

     

    2) after certain other verbs, such as:

    English Estonian
    to begin hakkama
    to happen juhtuma
    to leave jätma
    to remain jääma
    to invite kutsuma
    to be suitable kõlbama
    to have to / must pidama
    to force sundima
    to teach õpetama
    to learn, study õppima
    • Ma hakkan varsti minema. --- I'll start going soon. (lit: I will begin to go soon).
    • Sa pead raamatu läbi lugema. --- You must finish reading the book.
    • Ma õpin laulma. --- I am learning to sing.

     

    3) after certain adjectives or participles:

    English Estonian
    accustomed, used to harjunud
    willing nõus
    capable, skilled osav
    forced sunnitud
    ready valmis
    • Ma olen valmis minema. --- I am ready to go.
    • Ma olin sunnitud siia tulema. --- I was forced to come here.
    • Ma olen harjunud vara ärkama. --- I am used to getting up early.