The -ma infinitive
When to use the -ma infinitive?
The -ma infinitive is used in the following instances:
1) after verbs of motion, such as:
|to drive, ride||sõitma|
|to put, set||panema|
- Ma lähen välja sööma. --- I will go out to eat.
- Pane raadio mängima. --- Turn the radio on. (lit: put the radio to play)
- Ma tulin siia pidutsema. --- I came here to party.
2) after certain other verbs, such as:
|to be suitable||kõlbama|
|to have to / must||pidama|
|to learn, study||õppima|
- Ma hakkan varsti minema. --- I'll start going soon. (lit: I will begin to go soon).
- Sa pead raamatu läbi lugema. --- You must finish reading the book.
- Ma õpin laulma. --- I am learning to sing.
3) after certain adjectives or participles:
|accustomed, used to||harjunud|
- Ma olen valmis minema. --- I am ready to go.
- Ma olin sunnitud siia tulema. --- I was forced to come here.
- Ma olen harjunud vara ärkama. --- I am used to getting up early.
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Tere! I am a language teacher with more than ten years of experience. I have worked as a lecturer of Estonian language and culture at the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv in Ukraine, at the Tallinn University in Estonia and in numerous language schools. Currently, I am a freelance linguist based in Berlin and teach Estonian online.
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