Adessive case in Estonian
When to use the adessive case in Estonian?
The adessive case (alalütlev kääne in Estonian) indicates location on top of something.
In its basic sense, the adessive indicates the object on the surface of which something is found. It answers the questions kus? 'where (at)?', kellel? 'on (top of) whom?' and millel? 'on (top of) what?'.
- Naine istub pingil. --- The woman is sitting on the bench.
- Mees töötab põllul. --- The man is working in (on) the field.
- Raamat on laual. --- The book is on the table.
The adessive is often used in expressions of time. In many cases, the English equivalent would rather involve the preposition 'in' instead of 'on'.
- Suvel --- In summer
- Õhtul --- In the evening
- Õigel ajal --- At the right time
- Järgmisel aastal --- Next year
Another special use is to indicate possession or ownership of something. Estonian lacks a verb which would be the exact counterpart of 'to have' in English. Instead, it uses the adessive case and on 'is/are' (from the verb olema 'to be'). In the negative, ei ole or pole is used.
- Minul on telefon. --- I have a phone. (lit: On me there is a phone).
- Minul ei ole arvutit. --- I do not have a computer.
- Mu õel on homme sünnipäev. --- My sister has a birthday tomorrow.
- Hobusel on pikk saba. --- The horse has a long tail.
- Kellel on auto? --- Who has a car?
How to form the adessive case in Estonian?
The ending -l is added to the genitive form of a word.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Estonian, English or Russian private lessons
I teach: English, Estonian, Russian
Hi,First of all, I would like to congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. Whether it is Estonian, English or... Russian, beginner, advanced or Business language - you are in the right place.My name is Martin and I am coming from a tiny country in the Northern Europe called Estonia. One of my biggest hobbies is teaching and educating others, that is why for the past 3 years I have been living and working in Istanbul while teaching English to different age groups: kindergarten, school, university as well as adults. I have had students from Beginners to Advanced as well as several businessmen and CEOs of international companies located in Istanbul. What is more, for the last 2 years I have been teaching Estonian, English and Russian online through Skype that gave me chance to meet people from all over the world and help them on their journey of learning foreign languages in a comfortable and enjoyable environment.We are going to have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice! As simple as it is :)During the lessons we will focus on making you speak even with the limited vocabulary because speaking is the key to learning a new language quickly and in a fun way!Cannot wait to receive your in-mail and help you on your journey to learn and speak a foreign language.Martin Read more