• Estonian grammar
    0%
  • 1 Estonian sentence structure [0/2]
  • 2 Estonian nouns [0/3]
  • 3 Estonian pronouns [0/3]
  • 4 Estonian cases [0/11]
  • 5 Estonian verbs [0/8]
  • 6 Estonian adjectives [0/1]
  • 7 Estonian prepositions and postpositions [0/1]
  • 8 Estonian adverbs [0/1]
  • Allative case in Estonian

    When to use the allative case in Estonian?

    The allative (alaleütlev kääne in Estonian) indicates movement toward something.

    It has two basic meanings:

    1) The allative indicates the object onto the surface of which a movement occurs. It answers the questions kuhu? 'where to?', kellele? 'on(to) whom?' and millele? 'on(to) what?'.

    • Pane klaas lauale. --- Put the glass on(to) the table.
    • Istu pingile. --- Sit (down) on the bench.
    • Ta sõitis välismaale. --- He went abroad.

    2) The allative indicates the person to whom one gives or says something. It answers the questions kellele? 'to whom?' and millele? 'to what?'.

    • Anna see raha temale. --- Give that money to her.
    • Ütlesin sõbrale, et ta on väga kena. --- I told my friend that she is very nice.
    • Ma kirjutan emale kirja. --- I will write a letter to my mother.

     

    How to form the allative case in Estonian?

    The ending -le is added to the genitive case of a word.

    Nominative Genitive Allative English
    Tänav Tänava Tänavale Street
    Töö Töö Tööle Work
    Martin Martini Martinile Martin (name)
    Katus Katuse Katusele Roof
    Laud Laua Lauale Table