• Estonian grammar
  • 1 Estonian sentence structure [0/2]
  • 2 Estonian nouns [0/3]
  • 3 Estonian pronouns [0/3]
  • 4 Estonian cases [0/11]
  • 5 Estonian verbs [0/8]
  • 6 Estonian adjectives [0/1]
  • 7 Estonian prepositions and postpositions [0/1]
  • 8 Estonian adverbs [0/1]
  • Conjunctions in Estonian

    In grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects words, phrases, or clauses. 

    Coordinating conjunctions

    Coordinating conjunctions join or coordinate two or more items (such as words, main clauses, or sentences) of equal syntactic importance. Coordinating conjunctions generally connect sentence elements of the same grammatical class. Examples: nouns with nouns, adverbs with adverbs, phrases with phrases and clauses with clauses.

    There are four kinds on coordinating conjunctions.

    1) Cumulative conjunctions

    Cumulative conjunctions merely add one statement to another.

    English Estonian
    And Ja
    And Ning
    Both..and.. Nii...kui...
    Not only..but also.. Mitte ainult..vaid ka..
    As well Samuti
    As ... as Sama...kui


    2) Adversative conjunctions

    Adversative conjunctions express contrast between two statements.

    English Estonian
    But Aga
    But Kuid
    Rather Vaid
    Yet Ent
    While Sel ajal kui


    3) Disjunctive conjunctions 

    Disjunctive conjunctions present two alternatives.

    English Estonian
    Or Või
    Nor Ega
    Either..or.. Kas...või...
    Neither..nor.. Ei...ega..


    4) Illative conjunctions

    Illative conjunctions express something inferred from another statement or fact.

    English Estonian
    Thus / So Seega
    For Kuna


    Subordinating conjunctions

    Subordinating conjunctions join an independent clause and a dependent clause, and also introduce adverb clauses. 

    English Estonian
    Although Vaatamata sellele et
    Because Sest
    Because of Sellepärast et
    Even if Isegi kui
    In case Juhul kui
    Though Kuigi
    If / When Kui
    Rather Vaid
    As soon as Niipea kui
    As long as Niikaua kui
    So that Nii et
    Until Kuni
    That Et
    Before Enne kui
    Since Kuna


    yes Test your knowledge with our exercises!


    Exercise: using the conjunctions