• Estonian grammar
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  • 1 Estonian sentence structure [0/2]
  • 2 Estonian nouns [0/3]
  • 3 Estonian pronouns [0/3]
  • 4 Estonian cases [0/11]
  • 5 Estonian verbs [0/8]
  • 6 Estonian adjectives [0/1]
  • 7 Estonian prepositions and postpositions [0/1]
  • 8 Estonian adverbs [0/1]
  • Estonian adverbs

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise: using the Estonian adverbs in sentences Score -/-

    Estonian adverbs can be divided into the following groups: 

    1. Original adverbs

    such as:

    English Estonian
    then siis
    already juba
    yet veel
    still, ever ikka
    again jälle
    immediately kohe
    yet, only alles
    so nii / nõnda
    also ka
    very väga
    much palju
    rather üsna
    probably vist
    certainly muidugi
    today täna
    tomorrow homme
    late hilja
    early vara

     

    2. Case-adverbs

    which are formed from other words by adding case endings

    a) ablative forms of adjectives

    English Adjective English Adverb
    serious tõsine seriously tõsiselt
    rapid, fast kiire rapidly kiirelt
    sad kurb sadly kurvalt
    clear selge clearly selgelt
    exact täpne exactly täpselt

    b) adverbs which are declined in three locative forms (to where? where? from where?)

    English To where? At where? From where?
    far away kaugele kaugel kaugelt
    near lähedale lähedal lähedalt
    up üles ülal ülalt
    behind taha taga tagant
    inside sisse sees seest
    there sinna seal sealt
    here siia siin siit
    somewhere kuskile kuskil kuskilt

    c) other adverbs with case endings:

    English Estonian
    hardly vaevalt
    only ainult
    eventually lõpuks
    finally viimaks
    accidentally kogemata
    in vain asjata

     

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    3. adverbs with various suffixes

    -sti: many adverbs are formed from adjectives by using this ending. It is used to indicate the way in which something is carried out.

    English Adjective English Adverb
    glad rõõmus gladly rõõmsasti
    bad halb badly halvasti
    new uus anew uuesti

    -ti: this suffix indicates both time and manner

    English Estonian
    in the mornings hommikuti
    in the summers suviti
    recently hiljuti
    face-to-face vastakuti
    especially eriti

    -li:

    English Estonian
    on one's knees põlvili
    halfway, unfinished pooleli
    laying down pikali

    -ldi:

    English Estonian
    half-way pooleldi 
    separately eraldi
    readily meeleldi

    -kesi:

    English Estonian
    two together kahekesi
    several together mitmekesi
    quietly tasakesi

    -vel, -il:

    English Estonian
    awake ärkvel
    on the move liikvel
    agog pinevil