• Estonian grammar
  • 1 Estonian sentence structure [0/2]
  • 2 Estonian nouns [0/3]
  • 3 Estonian pronouns [0/3]
  • 4 Estonian cases [0/11]
  • 5 Estonian verbs [0/8]
  • 6 Estonian adjectives [0/1]
  • 7 Estonian prepositions and postpositions [0/1]
  • 8 Estonian adverbs [0/1]
  • Estonian nouns

    In this lesson we learn about the nouns in Estonian. We will study how to form the plural and also the diminutives and the derivatives. 

    • Like already mentioned before, Estonian words are without articles and genders.
    • In a sentence nouns can either behave as a subject or a object.
    • Nouns can be declined in 14 cases in both singular and plural forms but we will talk about the declension more closely in another lesson.


    Estonian plural

    The nouns in Estonian have singular and plural form. The nouns in plural have always the same ending, yet forming the plural can be a little tricky. 


    Singular English Plural English
    maja house majad houses
    õde sister õed sisters
    laud table lauad tables

    We will teach you several rules to guide you on plural forms in Estonian.


    Estonian diminutives


    A diminutive is a form of a word which indicates diminished size. It is also used to express affection and show that something/someone is cute.

    Noun English Diminutive English
    kiisu kitten kiisuke kitty
    poiss boy poisike little boy
    armas cute armsake cutie


    Estonian derivatives

    A derivative refers to a word that is formed from another and Estonian is rich in so-called suffix derivatives, which are formed by adding endings onto words.


    Root word English Derivative English
    laul song laulja singer
    kuningas king kuninganna queen
    õpetama to teach õpetaja teacher

    Next lessons

    1 Plural in Estonian Learn how to form the plural in Estonian
    2 Diminutives in Estonian Learn how to form diminutives in Estonian
    3 Derivatives in Estonian Learn how to form derivatives from nouns in Estonian