Plural in Estonian
In this chapter we learn how to form the plural in Estonian.
Plural of Estonian nouns
The nomintive plural case ends in -d, which is added to the genitive singular.
|Nominative Singular||Genitive Singular||Nominative Plural|
- Lapsed on õues. --- Children are outside.
- Mulle meeldivad suured linnad. --- I like big towns.
- Linnud lendavad. --- The birds are flying.
- Poisid jooksevad. --- The boys are running.
- Pudelid on riiulitel --- The bottles are on the shelves.
Plural of Estonian adjectives
If a noun in the nominative plural case is modified by an adjective, it is also in the nominative plural.
|Nominative Singular||Nominative Plural|
|vana inimene||old person||vanad inimesed||old people|
|ilus tüdruk||beautiful girl||ilusad tüdrukud||beautiful girls|
|suur maja||big house||suured majad||big houses|
|väike küla||small village||väikesed külad||small villages|
- Ilusad tüdrukud läksid peole. --- The pretty girls went to a party.
- Mulle meeldivad suured aiad. --- I like big gardens.
- Kiired autod sõitsid võidu --- Fast cars were racing.
- Need raamatud on huvitavad. --- These books are interesting.
- Maitsvad küpsised söödi kiiresti ära. --- The delicious cookies were eaten quickly.
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