• French course for beginners
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  • 1 French greetings (Hello in French) [0/3]
  • 2 How to introduce yourself in French [0/3]
  • 3 Cardinal numbers in French [0/3]
  • 4 Ordinal numbers in French [0/3]
  • 5 Telling the time in French [0/3]
  • 6 Months and days of the week in French [0/3]
  • 7 Colors in French [0/3]
  • 8 Describe a person in French [0/3]
  • 9 Talking about the weather in French [0/3]
  • 10 Asking for directions in French [0/3]
  • 11 French travel phrases and vocabulary [0/3]
  • 12 Food and drinks in French [0/3]
  • 13 Family members in French [0/3]
  • 14 Names of Countries in French [0/3]
  • 15 The grocery store in French (fruits, vegetables....)
  • 16 Animal names in French (horse, dog, cat...)
  • 17 Clothing in French (shoes, clothes...)
  • 18 Birthday wishes in French and party words
  • 19 I love you in French (emotions, feelings)
  • Ordinal numbers in French

    Do you want to learn French but you don't know how? If your answer is 'yes' than you are in the right place. Learning the numbers is, for sure, one of the first steps of the process. If you already know the cardinal numbers in French, it's time to learn the ordinal numbers. wink

    Form of ordinal Numbers

    To form ordinal numbers in French the ending -ième is added to the cardinal number (6, 7, 8, etc.), but pay attention that cardinal numbers that end in - e,  drop 'e' before adding the ending -ième to avoid pronunciation difficulties, ex. cinquante - cinquantième. Spelling exception is number 9, which spelling change from neuf to neuvième. Also is important to not forget to write accent grave (è).

    In French another exception is cardinal number 2nd, which has two forms 'deuxième and second'.

     ex. La seconde fois. / La deuxième fois. (Second time)

    Regarding the masculine and feminine form of ordinal numbers, only 1st and 2nd have both masculine and feminine form, while other numbers with ending -ième remain invariable.French numbers

    • Mon premier livre. (n.m.)  - My first book.                
    • Ma première maison. (n.f.) - My first house.
    • Ma seconde maison. (n.f.) - My second house.  

    Ordinal numbers from 1-20

    1er, 2ème, 3ème, 4ème, 5ème, 6ème, 7ème, 8ème, 9ème, 10ème, 11ème, 12ème, 13ème, 14ème, 15ème, 16ème, 17ème, 18ème, 19ème, 20ème

    first premier
    second

    deuxième

     second/e

    third troisième 
    fourth quatrième 
    fifth cinquième 
    sixth sixième
    seventh septième
    eighth huitième
    ninth neuvième
    tenth dixième
    thirteenth treizième
    eighteenth  dix-huitième
    twentieth vingtième

    enlightenedAttention!

    Numbers ending with the ordinal number 'first' ex. 'twenty- first' have the different form than number '1st - premier,' in this case for the numbers higher than 20 you will use the form 'unième' for 'first' and 'onzième' for the numbers which are formed with eleven.

    Abbreviation; French Numbers

    English

    French

    21e twenty-first vingt et unième
    51e fifty-first cinquante et unième
    81e eighty-first quatre vingt et unième
    91e  ninety-first quatre-vingt-onzième
    101e one hundred first cent unième

    Plural of ordinal numbers

     Ordinal numbers form plural simply by adding -s to the end of the singular form:

    Singular

    Plural

    premier premiers
    première premières
    second seconds
    secondes seconde
    deuxième deuxièmes

    enlightenedAttention!

    Unlike in English, ordinal numbers in French are not used with dates or after the names of kings and queens, (except the 'first', with which is used the ordinal form 'premier /  première')

    • January 1st - le premier janvier 
    • August 25th - le vingt-cinq août (le vinghtième-cinq août is incorrect form)
    • François the First - François Premier 

    Exercises

    Exercise ordinal numbers from 1 to 20

    Practice ordinal numbers from 20 to 100

    Exercise mix: hundreds, thousands and millions