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As this is a course for beginners, knowing how to say family members in French is indispensable. The lesson is divided in two subtitles, first we will talk about close family members and in the second part about family-in-law.
In French the world 'family' we translate as 'famille', it' consists of close relatives, such as your father, sister, oncle ect. See the examples in the table below.
Your family in-law is formed on the one hand by the members of your spouse's family. But it can also be formed by the family members of a remarriage, for example after a divorce. Here is a detailed list of vocabulary to describe your family in-laws:
|family-in-law||La belle-famille (du côté du conjoint)|
|stepparents||Les beaux-parents (d’un remariage)|
|parents-in-law||Les beaux-parents (du côté du conjoint)|
|stepfather||Le beau-père (d’un remariage)|
|stepmother||La belle-mère (d’un remariage)|
|mother in law||La belle-mère (du côté du conjoint)|
|stepdaughter||La belle-fille (d’un remariage)|
|daughter-in-law||La belle-fille (du côté du conjoint)|
|stepson||Le beau-fils (d’un remariage)|
|son-in-law||Le gendre (du côté du conjoint)|
|sister-in-law||La belle-sœur (du côté du conjoint)|
|sister-in-law||La belle-sœur (d’un remariage)|
|brother-in-law||Le beau-frère (du côté du conjoint)|
|brother-in-law||Le beau-frère (d’un remariage)|
In this context there are few related verbs to remember, as divorce 'être divorcé', get married 'se marier', marry 'épouser', le/la conjoint/e 'husband/wife'.
For example: My parents are divorced. = Mes parents sont divorcés.
Your sister-in-law is a sister of your husband. = Ta belle-soeur est la soeur de ton conjoint.
Her sister just got married. = Sa soeur est juste marié.
Pay attention that in English we distinguish stepdaughter (spouse's female child) and daughter-in-law (son's wife), while in French both words can be translated as 'la belle-soeur'. The same rule is applied to 'stepmother' and 'mother-in-law', both translated as 'la belle-mère', and stepparents and parents-in-law which are translated 'les beaux-parents'.
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