• French course for beginners
  • 1 French greetings (Hello in French) [0/3]
  • 2 How to introduce yourself in French [0/3]
  • 3 Cardinal numbers in French [0/3]
  • 4 Ordinal numbers in French [0/3]
  • 5 Telling the time in French [0/3]
  • 6 Months and days of the week in French [0/3]
  • 7 Colors in French [0/3]
  • 8 Describe a person in French [0/3]
  • 9 Talking about the weather in French [0/3]
  • 10 Asking for directions in French [0/3]
  • 11 French travel phrases and vocabulary [0/3]
  • 12 Food and drinks in French [0/3]
  • 13 Family members in French [0/3]
  • 14 Names of Countries in French [0/3]
  • 15 The grocery store in French (fruits, vegetables....)
  • 16 Animal names in French (horse, dog, cat...)
  • 17 Clothing in French (shoes, clothes...)
  • 18 Birthday wishes in French and party words
  • 19 I love you in French (emotions, feelings)
  • Family members in French

    As this is a course for beginners, knowing how to say family members in French is indispensable. The lesson is divided in two subtitles, first we will talk about close family members and in the second part about family-in-law. 

    Family tree and how to say family in French?

    In French the world 'family' we translate as 'famille', it' consists of close relatives, such as your father, sister, oncle ect. See the examples in the table below.



    parents les parents

    la maman

    la mère


    le papa

    le père

    children les enfants
    son le fils
    daughter la fille
    nephew le neveu
    niece la nièce
    brother le frère
    sister la soeur
    aunt la tante
    uncle l'oncle
    godfather le parrain
    godmother la marraine
    grandparents les grands-parents
    grandmother la grand-mère
    grandfather le grand-père
    grandson le petit-fils
    grand-daughter la petite-fille

    Members of Family in-law in French

    Your family in-law is formed on the one hand by the members of your spouse's family. But it can also be formed by the family members of a remarriage, for example after a divorce. Here is a detailed list of vocabulary to describe your family in-laws:



    family-in-law La belle-famille (du côté du conjoint)
    stepparents Les beaux-parents (d’un remariage)
    parents-in-law Les beaux-parents (du côté du conjoint)
    stepfather Le beau-père (d’un remariage)
    stepmother La belle-mère (d’un remariage)
    mother in law La belle-mère (du côté du conjoint)
    stepdaughter La belle-fille (d’un remariage)
    daughter-in-law La belle-fille (du côté du conjoint)
    stepson Le beau-fils (d’un remariage)
    son-in-law Le gendre (du côté du conjoint)
    sister-in-law La belle-sœur (du côté du conjoint)
    sister-in-law La belle-sœur (d’un remariage)
    brother-in-law Le beau-frère (du côté du conjoint)
    brother-in-law Le beau-frère (d’un remariage)

    In this context there are few related verbs to remember, as divorce 'être divorcé', get married 'se marier', marry 'épouser', le/la conjoint/e 'husband/wife'.

    For example:  My parents are divorced. = Mes parents sont divorcés.

                           Your sister-in-law is a sister of your husband. = Ta belle-soeur est la soeur de ton conjoint.

                           Her sister just got married. = Sa soeur est juste marié.


    Pay attention that in English we distinguish stepdaughter (spouse's female child) and daughter-in-law (son's wife), while in French both words can be translated as 'la belle-soeur'. The same rule is applied to 'stepmother' and 'mother-in-law', both translated as 'la belle-mère', and stepparents and parents-in-law which are translated 'les beaux-parents'.

    yesNow you can try few exercices we have prepared for you.


    Matching family members in French

    Family members: exercise

    Close family and family-in-law members: exercise