• French course for beginners
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  • 1 French greetings (Hello in French) [0/3]
  • 2 How to introduce yourself in French [0/3]
  • 3 Cardinal numbers in French [0/3]
  • 4 Ordinal numbers in French [0/3]
  • 5 Telling the time in French [0/3]
  • 6 Months and days of the week in French [0/3]
  • 7 Colors in French [0/3]
  • 8 Describe a person in French [0/3]
  • 9 Talking about the weather in French [0/3]
  • 10 Asking for directions in French [0/3]
  • 11 French travel phrases and vocabulary [0/3]
  • 12 Food and drinks in French [0/3]
  • 13 Family members in French [0/3]
  • 14 Names of Countries in French [0/3]
  • 15 The grocery store in French (fruits, vegetables....)
  • 16 Animal names in French (horse, dog, cat...)
  • 17 Clothing in French (shoes, clothes...)
  • 18 Birthday wishes in French and party words
  • 19 I love you in French (emotions, feelings)
  • In French learning the cardinal and ordinal numbers is, for sure, one of the first and most important steps of the process. In the first part of this lesson you will learn the cardinal numbers from 1-100, and in the second one you will learn more about the complex numbers such as Thousands and Millions. So let's get to work! wink

    Cardinal numbers from 1 to 20

    In the formation of the numbers in French is important to notice that complex numbers, which are formed of tens and units in spelling, are joined with a hyphen sign ( - ), ex. number 17 is written dix-sept.

    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

    1 un 
    2 deux
    3 trois
    4 quatre
    5 cinq
    6 six
    7 sept
    8 huit
    9 neuf
    10 dix
    11 onze
    12 douze
    13 treize
    14 quatorze
    15 quinze
    16 seize
    17 dix-sept
    18 dix-huit
    19 dix-neuf
    20 vingt

    Cardinal numbers from 21 to 100

    Regarding French cardinal numbers from 1 - 100, the numbers from 20 to 69 follow the regular form which consists of the units from 1 to 9, for ex. number 62 is formed of the number 60 and 2, soixante-deux in French. Also is important to remember that the form with number 1 includes the conjunction et ('and') which is inserted between tens and units, ex.  31 = trente et un.

    enlightened Attention!

    More complex structure have the numbers from 70 to 100.  

    21 vingt et un
    30 trente
    40 quarante
    50 cinquante
    60 soixante
    70 soixante-dix
    80 quatre-vingts
    90 quatre-vingt-dix
    • Number 70 consists of the number sixty and ten, 70 = 60 + 10 (soixante-dix), 71 = 60 + 11 ( soixante et onze)
    • Number 80 consists of the number 4 multiplied by 20, 80 = 4 x 20 (quatre-vingts), 81= 4 x 20 + 1 (quatre-vingt-un)
    • Number 90 consists of the number 4 multiplied by 20 plus tens, 90 = 4 x 20 +10 (quatre-vingt-dix), 90 = 4 x 20 + 11 (quatre-vingt-onze)

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    Hundreds in French

    In French grammar, Hundreds and Twenties is added an -s if they are not followed by another Numeral Adjective, ex. number 480 is written 'quatre cent quatre-vingts', there is ending - s, but if the number is followed by another Numeral Adjective in that case 'vingt' (twenty) remains invariable, ex. 480 is written quatre cent quatre-vingt-deux.

    100 cent
    101 cent un
    200 deux cents
    201 deux cent un

    enlightened Attention!

    The number 1 (un) remains invariable in writing when it's used alone, but an -is added if the gender of the noun which follows the number is in feminine.

    • Twenty-one houses. - Vingt et une maisons.(n.f.)
    • Twenty-one book. - Vingt et un livres. (n.m.)

    Thousands and Millions

    Thousands never add an -s in plural and they don't have an indefinite article, ex. 1000 = mille (un mille), also in French there is never conjunction et (and) between thousands and the hundreds/tens/units, ex. 1003 is mille trois (wrong: mille et trois). One more rule to remember is that Million takes an -s in plural and the same grammar rules are valid for large numbers such as billion and trillion.

    1001 mille un
    1800 mille huit cents
    1801 mille huit cent un
    1 000 000 un million
    1 450 000 un million quatre cent cinquante mille
    2 000 000 deux millions