This chapter will introduce the Dutch alphabet and the pronunciation of the letters in Dutch to you. Luckily, the Dutch alphabet is exactly the same as the English alphabet, but some letters are pronounced differently. Many Dutch words are difficult to pronounce for non-native speakers, so try to say all the Dutch words on this page out loud!
The Dutch alphabet consists of 26 letters, 21 consonants and 5 vowels. Pronunciation of the Dutch alphabet is not the same as the English alphabet. Listen to the alphabet and try to say the letters out loud afterwards:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.
|A = aa||N = en|
|B = bee||O = oo|
|C = cee||P = pee|
|D = dee||Q = quu|
|E = ee||R = er|
|F = ef||S = es|
|G = gee||T = tee|
|H = haa||U = uu|
|I = ie||V = vee|
|J = jee||W = wee|
|K = kaa||X = iks|
|L = el||Y = ei|
Dutch consonants can stand alone in words, but there are also some consonants combinations in which 2 or 3 different consonants are merged into a single sound.
|B||The B has the same pronunciation as the English B.||boek(book), bel(bell), bal(ball).|
|C||The C can be pronounced in two ways, as a K or as a S. The C is pronounced as a S if it stands in front of an I or E. The C is pronounced as a K if it stands in front of an A, O or U.|
C as S: cel(cell), cent(penny), centrum(centre)
C as K: code, cola, coma
|D||The D has the same pronunciation as the English D.||dom(dumb), dag(day), dier(animal)|
|F||The F has the same pronunciation as the English F.||fiets(bicycle), fles(bottle), flits(flash)|
|G||The G can be pronounced in several ways. The G in the back of the mouth sound rough, the G in the front of the mouth sounds softer.||geel(yellow), groot(big) gast(guest)|
|H||The H has the same pronunciation as the English H.||hond(dog), hut(cabin), heks(witch)|
|J||The J is pronounced as the “Y” in “yes”.||ja(yes), jong(young), jurk(dress)|
|K||The K is pronounced as the “C” in “cow”.||kast(closet), kleding(clothes), koor(choir)|
|L||The L has the same pronunciation as the English L.||lamp(lamp), lief(sweet), les(lesson)|
|M||The M has the same pronunciation as the English M.||mand(basket), maar(but), melk(milk)|
|N||The N has the same pronunciation as the English N.||nek(neck), nooit(never), niks(nothing)|
|P||The P has the same pronunciation as the English P.||pet(cap), plas(puddle), peen(carrot)|
|S||The S has the same pronunciation as the English S.||slang(snake), stok(stick), sap(juice)|
|T||The T has the same pronunciation as the English T.||teen(toe), taal(language), tik(tap)|
|V||The V is pronounced as the “V” in “very”.||veel(a lot), vis(fish), vies(dirty)|
|W||The W is pronounced as the “W” in “well”.||werk(job), wie(who), warm(hot)|
|Z||The Z has the same pronunciation has the English Z.||zon(sun), zes(six), zalf(salve), zak(bag)|
CH: The letter combination CH is pronounced as the letter G: lach (laugh), licht (light), pech (bad luck), lucht (air).
SCH: The letter SCH is a pronounced as an S + CH if a word starts with it. A SCH at the end of a sentence is pronounced as a single S.
NG: The NG has the same pronunciation as the English NG: ring (ring), jong (young), bang (scared)
Dutch plural words are written with one or two consonants. The single or double consonants are essential for the pronunciation of the word.
Vowels in Dutch can be either short or long. There are also combinations of vowels.
|A||The A is pronounced as the “a” in “car”.||pak(suit), man(man), kat(cat), tas(bag)|
|E||The E is pronounced as the “e” in “bed”.||pet(cap), bel(bell), west(west) les(lesson)|
|I||The I is pronounced as the “i” in “it”.||kip(chicken), wit(white), kind(child)|
|O||The O is pronounced as the “o” in “stop”.||bos(forest), sok(sock), pot(pot)|
|U||The U is pronounced as the “u” in “fun”.||rug(back), zus(sister), stuk(piece), druk(busy)|
|AA||The AA does not exist in English, but it sounds like the A-sound in “kind” of “white”.||kaas(cheese), maan(moon), taart(pie)|
|EE||The EE is pronounced as the “ea” in “great”.||been(leg), leeg(empty), feest(party)|
|IE||The IE is pronounced as the “ee” in “see”.||vier(four), wiel(wheel), niet(not)|
|OO||The OO is pronounced as the “oa” in “coat”.||boom(tree), rood(red), groot(big), oog(eye)|
|UU||The UU does not exist in English, so listen to the words and try to say them out loud.||uur(hour), muur(wall), vuur(fire)|
|OE||The OE is pronounced as the “oo” in “pool”.||boek(book), koek(biscuit), boer(farmer), hoed(hat)|
|EU||The EU is pronounced as the French word “feu”.||neus(nose), reus(giant), leuk(nice), breuk(fracture)|
|UI||The UI does not exist in other languages, so listen to the words and try to say them out loud.||huis(house), tuin(garden), fruit(fruit), bruid(bride).|
|EI/IJ||The pronunciation of the EI and the IJ is the same. The EI/IJ is pronounced as the “i” in “find.||mijn(mine/my), reis(journey), ijs(ice), meid(girl)|
The diphthongs are combinations of 3 or more letters, these can be both vowels and consonants:
|AAI||is pronounced as AA + J||taai(tough), haai(shark), saai(boring)|
|OEI||is pronounced as OE + J||boei(buoy), groei(growth), knoei(to mess)|
|OOI||is pronounced as OO + J||hooi(hay), kooi(cage), mooi(beautiful), gooi(to throw)|
|EEUW||is pronounced as EE + W||leeuw(lion), meeuw(seagull), sneeuw(snow), schreeuw(scream)|
|IEUW||is pronounced as IE + W||kieuw(gill), nieuw(new)|
|UW||is pronounced as UU + W||duw(push), ruw(rough)|
Hopefully, the Dutch alphabet and pronunciation is clear for you know. Now it is time to continue with the numbers in Dutch!
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Brazilian Portuguese teacher with a master's degree in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Experience more than 10 years ago in teaching Brazilian language and culture. I have many types of materials that adapt to the needs of my students. The student is the protagonist of the classes participating in active learning of the language.
Aline is a really easy-going Portuguese teacher with experience in teaching for more or less 10 years. She is familiar with teaching different age groups and cultures and really focused on her student's needs. Making mistakes is the grand opportunity in Aline's class to learn from them and keep going. She will always be there and support you. We really can recommend her!
First of all, I would like to congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. Whether it is Estonian, English or Russian, beginner, advanced or Business language - you are in the right place.
My name is Martin and I am coming from a tiny country in the Northern Europe called Estonia. One of my biggest hobbies is teaching and educating others, that is why for the past 3 years I have been living and working in Istanbul while teaching English to different age groups: kindergarten, school, university as well as adults. I have had students from Beginners to Advanced as well as several businessmen and CEOs of international companies located in Istanbul. What is more, for the last 2 years I have been teaching Estonian, English and Russian online through Skype that gave me chance to meet people from all over the world and help them on their journey of learning foreign languages in a comfortable and enjoyable environment.
We are going to have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice! As simple as it is :)
During the lessons we will focus on making you speak even with the limited vocabulary because speaking is the key to learning a new language quickly and in a fun way!
Cannot wait to receive your in-mail and help you on your journey to learn and speak a foreign language.
There's only one word in my mind when I know I'm gonna have lesson with Martin, and this word is: "Yuppiiiiiiii !!!!" :-)
I am loving the experience and I feel like I am making a lot of progress. The lessons are tailor made to suit my preferences and our interactions are very fluid and natural. 10/10
My name is Brenda and I am born in the Netherlands. At the moment I live in Nijmegen, the oldest city of the Netherlands. A lot of foreign students live here because it is a university city.
I have been interested in languages from an early age. That is why I have learned English, German, French and Spanish. But in my area I am mainly known for my excellent Dutch language skills and my eye for spelling and grammar.
Other things that interest me are cooking and baking and being creative. As a volunteer I have given guided tours and I have done workshops in both English and Dutch. I also love walking in nature or enjoying the beach and the sea!
I am currently learning Turkish, so I fully understand what you are experiencing as a language student. That’s why I am very patient. We practice as much as what you need. Is there something you don’t understand? Feel free to ask again, then we can approach the material in a different way so that it is clear for you.
I also know from experience how great it feels when you can communicate with someone in the local language! So let's go for this challenge together!
Your needs and progress as a student are central.
Please indicate before the first lesson what you would like to work on so that I can prepare myself for the lesson. A number of options are:
- Preparation for the integration course (inburgeringscursus)
Speaking, listening, reading and writing. Cultural and work-related topics.
- Beginners - Advanced (Personalized Lessons) Dutch
We can focus on every aspect of the language. When you want to learn from a book we can use your material or I will advise you which book you can purchase.
As a beginner you start with the basics, the alphabet and some basic words. We extend this so that you can start simple conversations in situations of everyday life and that you become an advanced!
Brenda is a very friendly and easy-going teacher. She is very well-organised and flexible. During each lesson time just flies cause it's really enjoyable. I am an absolute beginner and I was afraid to start learning a new language from scratch but now I'm confident that I will make it. She can help you learn the language really fast with no stress or tension. Looking forward to my next lesson!
I'm offering informal Dutch and English lessons based on conversation and will conduct my lessons for as much as possible in the target language.
I use text, weblinks to tv shows to get us talking and am a fan of the TPRS method.
There's a lot of information on that method online. Basically it's getting to know the structure Dutch and English through simple conversation. (questions about 1 or several sentences on any topic)
I have some useful weblinks to tv shows in Dutch (with subtitles in Dutch) adjusted to your level and the shows are entertaining too. :-)
We can discuss the shows preferably in the target language of course.
I can explain some grammar too if needed and have articles and books ready to read from. This again will be adjusted to your proficiency. But of course if you'd like to focus on a topic which has your interest that is possible as well. This makes it more personal and more fun.
I've been teaching for about a year now on another platform to students from all over the world and really enjoy having the experience again as I used to be a vocal coach back in the days when I attended conservatory in the Netherlands.
I hope to see you here on Co language. :-)
I am very satisfied with the lessons with Less. very understandable and interesting. highly recommend)
As non-native parents it is certainly not easy to teach your children Dutch or to help with the fluency of the new language. Who wants some extra exercise for his children? I can help you with that. As their vocabulary becomes more and more extensive and their sentences become increasingly fluid, your children will get more and more self-confident. To speak well the Dutch language will surely benefit them now and later.
Do your children need some help with their homework, especially with their Dutch, then I can help with that.
Even as non-native-speaking adults, it is sometimes difficult to have enough exercise. That is why also adults who want to make progress in speaking the Dutch language are welcome here! We can practice the everyday language together.
I've been continuously making progress thanks to Liesbet's methodology. She's able to spot the weak points in my use of Dutch. Thank you.
Hi! I live in Germany since 2014, I live in the Frankfurt am Main area. I teach German to refugees since the beginning of 2017 and I have been teaching Dutch at several language schools, at peoples homes and in-house at several companies. I passed the C1-level Test for German at the Goethe Institut.
It is my goal to adapt my lessons as much as possible to the wishes of the student. This means that, besides offering regular learning methods, I am open to initiatives like talking about subjects that are of interest to the student, for example reading and discussing articles, watching and discussing educational videos and/or current happenings in the world.
I look forward to meeting you online!
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Good individual help and giving personal attention. She always had a way of communicating info so you could understand.
I want to help people to improve the level of their chosen language.
wat een uitstekende leraar! In addition to being competent, Nancy is always on time and does not hesitate to exceed the class hour to complete the lesson.
Thank you Thibaut for your kind words. It was a pleasure to be able to help you.
My name is Laura Borger and I am a qualified language teacher. I have been teaching Dutch and English to young and old for the past five years. At the University of Leiden I completed the Master Linguistics and the Master Education.
I base my lessons on the needs and interests of my students. For example, if you are in need of grammar, I will adjust my material accordingly. Or if you want to focus on speaking skills, I create activities to develop this skill.
My personal goal is to ensure that my classes are dynamic, active and fun! I use games, current topics and digital exercises.
I offer a free trial lesson of 25 minutes!
If this appeals to you, press the button and we will see each other soon!
Laura is an outstanding teacher. She is patient and clear in her explanations, with a natural ability to simplify complex & more technical problems in Dutch grammar and syntax. I appreciate her dynamic teaching style and agile adaptability to my learning progress, which allows me to improve faster and at my own pace. I would highly recommend her to all levels of people keen on learning and advancing in the language.
English teacher with ten years teaching experience in Italy. Speaks English and Italian.
Hi, I'm Jason, I'm English and live in Central Italy where I teach English to students of all levels, all ages and all abilities. English for school, for exams or tests, for work or for business.
My methods are based on building your confidence to speak English, developing your listening skills so you can understand English and helping you understand the grammar rules of the English language.
Why in this way? Because generally my students have the best results when they are able to speak in English as soon as possible. Then, once you can converse in English and understand simple conversation you can develop all your language skills very quickly.
Of course, for some students, grammar and written English is a priority and I can help you develop these skills first if that is what you need.
For others they need to learn specific vocabulary for their work, I have given courses in business, medicine and tourism that can be adapted for all types of work situations.
I am teaching students from 3 to 70 years old and my lessons are adapted for every individual so they have the best opportunity to realize their goals.
If you are interested then please contact me for a chat and a free trial lesson.
I have started with English courses because I needed to improve my English language for work. After two weeks of lessons with Jason, I have noticed that my langauge skills have improved a lot. Jason is always well prepared for each lesson and he has a great, interesting and useful teaching materials. Jason has a good speaking and teaching style which keeps me interested during lessons. Thanks Jason for the great lessons ! I highly recommend Jason as great teacher which gives his best for the students !
Sabina is experienced, patient and can answer all my questions. She focuses on quick win and concrete progress. I enjoy our daily lessons.
Learn to communicate in Dutch from the first lesson! Enjoyable classes with teaching materials tailored to your needs. First 30 min. class for free. My name is Karin and I'm from Holland, but I live on the Canary Islands. I love teaching DUTCH and have done so for more than 20 years. I have a Diploma in English Philology. I also have two methodology degrees: the CELTA (Certificate of English Language Teaching to Adults of the University of Cambridge) and the FCTBE (Foundation Certificate for Teachers of Business English of the London Chamber of Commerce and Industry).
I have taught at a Business School and ten companies. In the last two years I've mainly been giving private lessons and I've developed a variety of online self-study DUTCH courses. My schedule is flexible and I adapt myself to the needs and interests of my students so that they reach their objectives in the shortest possible time.
Enjoyable classes, with teaching materials tailored to your needs.
How do the classes work? A class lasts 45 minutes. I'll send you the materials we are going to use in class beforehand so you can print them. After the class I'll send you audios of the notes we made, vocabulary etc. My speciality is communication, from beginner level to advanced. So, you will speak some Dutch in the first class already! Why wait any longer? Let's get started! :-)
I had my first lesson a couple of days ago and everything went super good! Karin was attentive, transmiting her positivism and helping me with every doubt I had. She really focus on teaching how to pronounce and talk a language, so this is really interesting for me, to practise it & be able to use it in my day by day. I really recommend her to everyone willing to learn a new language :)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Really nice first lesson. Carina helps me a lot with spelling and speaking, and also clarifies any question I have about Dutch grammar, which I am studying independently. Can't wait to attend the second lesson!
Hello,I would love to help you improve your knowledge of English.I adapt the lessons following your wishes : are you a beginner and need to get some basic knowledge with grammar and easy texts or do you want to improve your conversation skills. I can help you either way.Looking forward to meeting you !
We spoke in Dutch for most of the lesson which was ideal for me. Francoise was very patient and helpful.