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Days of the week, months and seasons in Dutch

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In this chapter, you will learn the days of the week, the months and the seasons in Dutch. These words are useful for when making an appointment or when telling people when you celebrate your birthday. You'll also find some information about Dutch holidays in this chapter.

Days of the week in Dutch

DutchEnglish
MaandagMonday
DinsdagTuesday
WoensdagWednesday
DonderdagThursday
VrijdagFriday
ZaterdagSaturday
ZondagSunday

enlightened Unlike the English days of the week, the days of the week in Dutch are typically not capitalized (unless they're the first word of the sentence).

  • De week (The week) 
  • Het weekeinde (The weekend)
  • De dagen van de week (The days of the week)

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Parts of the day

In this table you will find the translations of the parts of the day from Dutch to English.

DutchEnglish
Ochtend/morgenMorning
MiddagNoon
NamiddagAfternoon
AvondEvening
NachtNight
MiddernachtMidnight

Months of the year in Dutch

The table below will show you the months of the year in Dutch.

DutchEnglish
JanuariJanuary
FebruariFebruary
MaartMarch
AprilApril
MeiMay
JuniJune
JuliJuly
AugustusAugust
SeptemberSeptember
OktoberOctober
NovemberNovember
DecemberDecember

enlightened The words for the months in Dutch are similar to the English months, but as with the days, the Dutch months are not capitalized.

Seasons in Dutch

In this table you will find the translations of the seasons from Dutch to English.

DutchEnglish
Lente; voorjaarSpring
ZomerSummer
Herfst, najaarFall
WinterWinter
In de lenteIn spring
In de zomerIn summer
In de herfstIn fall
In de winterIn winter

Dutch holidays

In the table below the Dutch translations of international, mostly Christian holidays are shown.

DutchEnglishDate
NieuwjaarsdagNew Year's Day1 January
ValentijnsdagValentine's day14 February
Goede vrijdagGood FridayThe Friday before Easter
PasenEasterThe first Sunday after the first full moon in spring.
HemelvaartsdagAscension Day39 days after Easter
PinksterenWhitsundayThe seventh Sunday after Easter
KerstmisChristmas25 December
Tweede KerstdagBoxing Day26 December

Dutch holidays

Beside these international holidays, there are also some holidays that only are celebrated in the Netherlands (in most cases). Some information about these holidays is provided below.

Carnaval - 6th Sunday before Easter

 carnaval in the netherlands'Carnaval' is celebrated from the 6th Sunday before Easter until the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday. Carnaval is mainly celebrated in the Southern part of the Netherlands (Limburg and North-Brabant). During Carnaval, people wear a weird costume and they celebrate for 4 days. The so-called Prince Carnaval is the mayor of the city/village during these days and is in charge of the festivities. During Carnaval there are many parades with Carnaval vehicles and a lot of beer is being drunk.

Koningsdag (King's Day) - 27th of April

On 'Koningsdag' the birthday of King Willem-Alexander is celebrated. On King's Day there are a lot of music festivals, street parties, flea markets and fairs in Dutch cities. The King and his family pay a visit to one Dutch city, in 2017 they visited Tilburg. On King's Day most people wear orange clothes, the national colour of The Netherlands.

Dodenherdenking (Remembrance of the Dead) - 4th of May

On the 4th of May the 'Dodenherdenking' takes place. All victims (civilians and soldiers) who have been killed or murdered in the Kingdom of the Netherlands or anywhere in the world in war situations or during peace-keeping operations since World War II are remembered. At 8 pm, the Dutch people participate in 2 minutes of silence. The main Dodenherdenking ceremony takes place on the Dam Square in Amsterdam, the royal family and members of cabinet attend this ceremony and it is broadcasted live on national television.

Bevrijdingsdag (Liberation Day) - 5th of May

The day after Dodenherdenking is a day to celebrate, called 'Bevrijdingsdag'. This day marks the end of the German occupation of the Netherlands during the Second World War. Liberation Day is celebrated with free music festivals in 14 cities throughout the Netherlands.

Prinsjesdag (Little Prince's Day) - 3rd Tuesday in September

On 'Prinsjesdag', the new working year of the Staten-Generaal is opened. The Staten-Generaal consists of the First Chamber (Senate) and the Second Chamber (Lower House). On Prinsjesdag, King Willem-Alexander will give the annual Troonrede in the Ridderzaal in The Hague. The most important plans of the Staten-Generaal for the upcoming year are mentioned in the 'Troonrede'. At 3.15 pm, the Minister of Finance hands over 'het koffertje' (the small suitcase) in which the 'Miljoenennota' (Budget Memorandum) and the 'Rijksbegroting' (Government Budget) are kept to Second Chamber (Lower House).

Sinterklaas - 5th of December

dutch celebration sinterklaas'Sinterklaas' is an annual celebration for children. Sinterklaas is a legendary figure based on Saint Nicholas. In mid-November Sinterklaas and his Zwarte Pieten "arrive" by steamboat in The Netherlands, saying that they come from Spain. After this, there is a parade through the town. During this parade Sinterklaas usually rides his white horse (called Amerigo) while Zwarte Piet hands out candy (kruidnoten and marsepein) to children. In the period leading up to Sinterklaasavond children place their shoe at the fireplace since the story goes that Sinterklaas rides with his horse over rooftops to deliver presents to children through the chimney. On the 5th of December it is Sinterklaasavond, during this evening presents are exchanged among families.

 

Train your skills by doing the exercises below!


Exercises

  1. Translating the days of the week to Dutch
  2. Exercise about Dutch holidays
  3. Dutch seasons and holidays on pictures
  4. Translate the months of the year to Dutch
  5. Translate seasons and holidays to Dutch

Translating the days of the week to Dutch


Exercise about Dutch holidays


Dutch seasons and holidays on pictures


Translate the months of the year to Dutch


Translate seasons and holidays to Dutch


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