• Italian course for beginners (A1)
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  • 1 Greetings in Italian (hello, goodbye, ...) [0/5]
  • 2 How to introduce yourself in Italian (my name is...) [0/6]
  • 3 Asking and telling the time in Italian [0/5]
  • 4 Days of the week, months and holidays in Italian [0/6]
  • 5 How to talk about your family in Italian [0/6]
  • 6 House, rooms, furniture in Italian [0/14]
  • 7 The weather in Italian [0/5]
  • 8 Body parts in Italian [0/12]
  • 9 Clothes in Italian (shoes, accessories, fashion) [0/13]
  • 10 The colours in Italian [0/5]
  • 11 Countries and nationalities in Italian [0/6]
  • 12 Describing someone in Italian (adjectives, body) [0/9]
  • 13 Feelings and emotions in Italian (I love you) [0/7]
  • 14 Food names in Italian [0/9]
  • 15 How to order food at the restaurant in Italian [0/6]
  • 16 Animals and pets in Italian [0/14]
  • 17 Nature in Italian [0/5]
  • 18 School in Italian [0/6]
  • 19 Jobs and professions in Italian [0/6]
  • 20 The city and asking for directions in Italian [0/7]
  • 21 Hobbies and sports in Italian [0/5]
  • 22 Health in Italian [0/5]
  • 23 Wishes and proverbs in Italian [0/4]
  • Nature (la natura) is an important part in Italian landscape, therefore it's important to know the vocabulary related to this topic.

    Nature vocabulary list in Italian (sky, lake, mountain,...)

    In the following table you'll find the main vocabs used to talk about nature.

    Italian English
    l'albero the tree
    il ramo the branch
    la foglia the leaf
    la radice the root
    la montagna the mountain
    il fiore the flower
    la terra the soil
    il fango the mud
    il fuoco  the fire
    il legno the wood
    il tronco the log
    la collina the hill
    l'aria the air
    il lago the lake
    la pietra / il sasso the stone
    la foresta the forest
    il bosco the wood
    il sentiero the path
    lo stagno the pond
    la passeggiata the walk
    il mare the sea
    la costa the coast
    la cascata the waterfall
    la valle the valley
    l'isola the island
    l'arcipelago the archipelago
    il fiume the river
    il ruscello the stream 
    la grotta the cave
    il vulcano the volcano

     

    Geography of Italy (mountains, rivers, lakes,...)

    Italy is divided in twenty regions:

    1. la Valle d'Aosta
    2. il Piemonte
    3. la Liguria
    4. la Lombardia
    5. il Veneto
    6. il Trentino-Alto Adige
    7. il Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    8. l'Emilia Romagna
    9. la Toscana
    10. l'Umbria
    11. il Lazio
    12. le Marche
    13. l'Abruzzo
    14. il Molise
    15. la Campania
    16. la Puglia
    17. la Basilicata
    18. la Calabria
    19. la Sicilia 
    20. la Sardegna

    Let's see some of the most important Italian mountains, rivers, lakes, and islands and the region in which they are situated.

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    Italian mountains

    The two main mountain chains are le Alpi (Alpes) and gli Appennini (Apennines).
    In the following table you'll find the highest Italian mountains.

    Name of the mountain Height (m) Region (s)
    Monte Bianco 4810  Valle d'Aosta
    Monte Rosa 4609  Piemonte / Valle d'Aosta
    Cervino 4478  Valle d'Aosta
    Gran Paradiso 4061  Piemonte / Valle d'Aosta
    Bernina 3996 Lombardia
    Ortles 3889 Trentino-Alto Adige
    Monviso 3842  Piemonte
    Palla Bianca 3738  Trentino-Alto Adige
    Marmolada 3342  Trentino-Alto Adige
    Monte Etna  3323  Sicilia
    Gran Sasso d'Italia 2914  Abruzzo


    Italian rivers

    In the following table you'll find the longest Italian rivers.

    Name of the river Lenght (km) Region(s)
    Po  652 Piemonte, Lombardia, Emilia Romagna, Veneto
    Adige 410 Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto
    Tevere 405 Emilia Romagna, Toscana, Umbria, Lazio
    Adda 313 Lombardia
    Oglio 280 Lombardia
    Tanaro 276 Piemonte, Liguria 
    Ticino 248 Piemonte, Lombardia
    Arno 241 Toscana
    Piave 220 Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    Reno 210 Toscana, Emilia Romagna


    Italian lakes

    In the following table you'll find the wider Italian lakes.

    Name of the lake Region (s)
    Garda Lombardia, Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adige
    Maggiore Lombardia, Piemonte
    Como Lombardia
    Trasimeno Umbria
    Bolsena Lazio
    Iseo Lombardia
    Varano Puglia
    Bracciano Lazio
    Lesina  Puglia
    Lugano Lombardia


    Italian islands

    The two main Italian islands are la Sicilia (Sicily) and la Sardegna (Sardinia) that are regions too.
    In the following table you'll find the other most important Italian islands. 

    Name of the island Region (s)
    Elba Toscana
    Sant'Antioco Sardegna
    Pantelleria Sicilia
    San Pietro Sardegna
    Asinara Sardegna
    Ischia Campania
    Lipari Sicilia
    Salina Sicilia
    Isola del Giglio Toscana
    Vulcano Sicilia
    Lampedusa Sicilia

     

    Daily dialogues

    Take a look at the following dialogue about nature.

      Italian English
    Simona  Sono stata in vacanza in Trentino-Alto Adige e ho visto montagne e laghi meravigliosi I've been on holidays in Trentino-Alto Adige and I saw wonderful mountains and lakes
    Antonella Che bello! Io sono stata sull'Isola dell'Elba, nell'Arcipelago Toscano, e mi è piaciuta tanto That's great! I was on the island of Elba, in Tuscan archipelago, and i really liked it
    Simona Il mare italiano è molto bello ma preferisco la montagna Italian sea is very beautiful but I preferred the mountain
    Antonella In realtà anche a me piace. Amo soprattutto fare passeggiate nel bosco Actually, I liked it too. In particular, I love taking a walk in the wood
    Simona Con mio figlio di solito raccolgo le foglie cadute dagli alberi With my son I usually pick up leaves and climb trees