Nature (la natura) is an important part in Italian landscape, therefore it's important to know the vocabulary related to this topic.
In the following table you'll find the main vocabs used to talk about nature.
|il ramo||the branch|
|la foglia||the leaf|
|la radice||the root|
|la montagna||the mountain|
|il fiore||the flower|
|la terra||the soil|
|il fango||the mud|
|il fuoco||the fire|
|il legno||the wood|
|il tronco||the log|
|la collina||the hill|
|il lago||the lake|
|la pietra / il sasso||the stone|
|la foresta||the forest|
|il bosco||the wood|
|il sentiero||the path|
|lo stagno||the pond|
|la passeggiata||the walk|
|il mare||the sea|
|la costa||the coast|
|la cascata||the waterfall|
|la valle||the valley|
|il fiume||the river|
|il ruscello||the stream|
|la grotta||the cave|
|il vulcano||the volcano|
Italy is divided in twenty regions:
Let's see some of the most important Italian mountains, rivers, lakes, and islands and the region in which they are situated.
The two main mountain chains are le Alpi (Alpes) and gli Appennini (Apennines).
In the following table you'll find the highest Italian mountains.
|Name of the mountain||Height (m)||Region (s)|
|Monte Bianco||4810||Valle d'Aosta|
|Monte Rosa||4609||Piemonte / Valle d'Aosta|
|Gran Paradiso||4061||Piemonte / Valle d'Aosta|
|Palla Bianca||3738||Trentino-Alto Adige|
|Gran Sasso d'Italia||2914||Abruzzo|
In the following table you'll find the longest Italian rivers.
|Name of the river||Lenght (km)||Region(s)|
|Po||652||Piemonte, Lombardia, Emilia Romagna, Veneto|
|Adige||410||Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto|
|Tevere||405||Emilia Romagna, Toscana, Umbria, Lazio|
|Reno||210||Toscana, Emilia Romagna|
In the following table you'll find the wider Italian lakes.
|Name of the lake||Region (s)|
|Garda||Lombardia, Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adige|
The two main Italian islands are la Sicilia (Sicily) and la Sardegna (Sardinia) that are regions too.
In the following table you'll find the other most important Italian islands.
|Name of the island||Region (s)|
|Isola del Giglio||Toscana|
Take a look at the following dialogue about nature.
|Simona||Sono stata in vacanza in Trentino-Alto Adige e ho visto montagne e laghi meravigliosi||I've been on holidays in Trentino-Alto Adige and I saw wonderful mountains and lakes.|
|Antonella||Che bello! Io sono stata sull'Isola dell'Elba, nell'Arcipelago Toscano, e mi è piaciuta tanto||That's great! I was on the island of Elba, in Tuscan archipelago, and i really liked it.|
|Simona||Il mare italiano è molto bello ma preferisco la montagna||Italian sea is very beautiful but I preferred the mountain|
|Antonella||In realtà anche a me piace. Amo soprattutto fare passeggiate nel bosco||Actually, I liked it too. In particular, I love taking a walk in the woods.|
|Simona||Con mio figlio di solito raccolgo le foglie cadute dagli alberi||With my son I usually pick up leaves and climb trees|
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