This lesson will teach you the days of the week, months and seasons in Italian.
Remember that, unlike English, these words are not written with a capital letter.
|I giorni della settimana||The days of the week|
Let's see some examples.
|Il martedì vado in palestra.||I go to the gym on Tuesdays.|
|Il giovedì siamo chiusi.||On Thursdays we are closed.|
To talk about time in Italian, you can use the following expressions.
|L'altro ieri||The day before yesterday|
|Dopodomani||The day after tomorrow|
Here are I dodici mesi (the twelve months).
|Il mese / I mesi||The month(s)|
Remember! In Italy the date format is DD/MM/YYYY.
|Sempteber, 3rd, 1989||3 Settembre 1989|
|April, 23rd, 1996||23 Aprile 1996|
In Italian, we always use cardinal numbers (Italian numbers) to indicate a day; the only exception is 1st, Il Primo.
|Il quattro settembre||September, 4th|
|Il primo giugno||June, 1st|
Here are Le quattro stagioni (the four seasons).
|Le stagioni||The seasons|
Let's find out the most important Italian national days and holidays.
(New Year's Day)
|This day is usually spent celebrating with friends and family.|
|According to the the Christian tradition, today is the arrival of the 3 Magi in Bethlehem,.
A more commercial tradition says that La Befana, an old poor witch who flies on a broom, brings candies to the good kids and coal to the bad kids on this day.
|Let's celebrate love! Don't forget to get your special someone some chocolate and roses!|
|All the children dress up with a costume and celebrate together in the city, throwing colorful coriandoli (confetti) around.|
Festa della donna
|It's typical to honour with a mimosa flower all the women you know on this day.|
(Unification of Italy)
|Italy was unified in 1861. This day celebrates it!|
La festa del papà
|Give your dad a hug today!|
|It's typical to gift to children some Uova di cioccolato (Chocolate eggs) with a little surprise inside. Don't forget to wish Buona Pasqua! (Happy Easter)|
|The day after Easter (Monday)||Pasquetta||One more day off to spend with friends and family; if the weather allows it, have a barbecue!|
Anniversario della Liberazione
(Anniversary of the Liberation)
|Italy broke free from the Nazi during WWII, in 1945.|
Festa dei Lavoratori
|The 2nd Sunday||
Il giorno della mamma
|Hug your mom and thank her today.|
La Festa della Repubblica
|It's an important day in the Italian history: in 1946, Italians opted for a Republican system instead of a Monarchy-guided country.|
|Around the half of the month||School is out!|
|August||15th||Ferragosto||Almost everyone has today or a whole week off to go on vacation or just to gather with friends and family and do what Italians do best: eat!|
|Semptember||Around the half of the month||School starts again.|
|October||31st||Halloween||In this night, young people celebrate a non-Italian tradition: Halloween.
Don't forget your scary mask!
(All Saints' Day)
|A day to honour all the Saints, known and unknown.|
Il Giorno dei Morti
(Day of the Dead)
|A day used to remember friends and family who passed away.|
(The Immaculate Conception)
|National religious holiday.
According to the tradition, you should decorate your Albero di Natale (Christmas tree) today.
La Vigilia di Natale
|Gather with your family to eat and have fun while waiting for Christmas.|
|Buon Natale! (Merry Christmas!) Enjoy your day with food and presents.|
|One more day to spend with your loved ones.|
(New Year's Eve)
|Get ready to pop open a nice bottle of spumante, champagne: it's almost l'anno nuovo, the new year!|
Check out the following dialogue.
|Andrea||Che giorno è Pasqua quest'anno?||What day will Easter be this year?|
|Barbara||Il 4 aprile.||April, 4th.|
|Andrea||E' un mercoledì?||Is it a Wednesday?|
|Barbara||No, è una domenica.||No, it's a Sunday.|
|Andrea||Il 4 aprile è in primavera?||Is April, 4th in Spring?|
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