• Italian course for beginners (A1)
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  • 1 Greetings in Italian (hello, goodbye, ...) [0/5]
  • 2 How to introduce yourself in Italian (my name is...) [0/6]
  • 3 Asking and telling the time in Italian [0/5]
  • 4 Days of the week, months and holidays in Italian [0/6]
  • 5 How to talk about your family in Italian [0/6]
  • 6 House, rooms, furniture in Italian [0/14]
  • 7 The weather in Italian [0/5]
  • 8 Body parts in Italian [0/12]
  • 9 Clothes in Italian (shoes, accessories, fashion) [0/13]
  • 10 The colours in Italian [0/5]
  • 11 Countries and nationalities in Italian [0/6]
  • 12 Describing someone in Italian (adjectives, body) [0/9]
  • 13 Feelings and emotions in Italian (I love you) [0/7]
  • 14 Food names in Italian [0/9]
  • 15 How to order food at the restaurant in Italian [0/6]
  • 16 Animals and pets in Italian [0/14]
  • 17 Nature in Italian [0/5]
  • 18 School in Italian [0/6]
  • 19 Jobs and professions in Italian [0/6]
  • 20 The city and asking for directions in Italian [0/7]
  • 21 Hobbies and sports in Italian [0/5]
  • 22 Health in Italian [0/5]
  • 23 Wishes and proverbs in Italian [0/4]
  • Food (il cibo) is one of the most meaningful aspects of Italian culture.


    List of food in Italian

    Let's start with an overview on Italian food.


    Meat and seafood in Italian (chicken, saumon,...)

    In the following table you'll find the main kinds of meat (la carne).

    Italian English
    la bistecca the steak
    il pollo the chicken
    il maiale the pork
    l'arrosto the roast
    lo stufato the stew
    le costolette the ribs
    le polpette the meatballs
    la salsiccia the sausage
    il prosciutto cotto the cooked ham
    il prosciutto crudo the raw ham
    la pancetta the bacon
    il salame the salami


    In the following table you'll find the main kinds of seafood (il pesce/ i frutti di mare).

    Italian English
    il pesce the fish
    il merluzzo the cod
    il tonno the tuna
    l'acciuga the anchovy
    il polpo the octopus
    il gambero    the shrimp   
    il gamberetto the little shrimp
    il calamaro the squid
    l'aragosta the lobster
    l'ostrica the oyster
    la vongola the clam
    la cozza the mussel
    il salmone the saumon
    la trota the trout
    la sardina the sardine

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    Vegetables in Italian (tomato, carrot,...)

    In the following table you'll find the main kinds of vegetables (le verdure).

    Italian English
    il pomodoro       the tomato
    la carota the carrot
    la lattuga the lettuce       
    l'insalata the salad
    il carciofo the artichoke
    il cavolo the cabbage
    il cavolfiore the cauliflower
    la melanzana the eggplant
    la zucchina the zucchini
    il peperone the pepper
    il peperoncino the chili pepper
    il cetriolo the cucumber
    la zucca the pumpkin
    l'aglio the garlic
    la cipolla the onion
    la patata the potato
    i fagioli  the beans
    i fagiolini the green beans
    i piselli the peas
    i funghi the mushrooms


    Fruit in Italian (apple, pear,...)

    In the following table you'll find the main kinds of fruit (la frutta).

    enlightenedBe careful!
          
    "Il frutto" is one singular unit of fruit (the fruit)," i frutti" are more than one frutto (the fruits), "la frutta" is a part of the meal or a category among food.

    Italian English
    la mela the apple
    l'arancia the orange
    il limone the lemon
    la pera the pear
    l'uva the grapes     
    la pesca the peach
    l'albicocca the apricot
    la fragola the strawberry
    il mirtillo the blueberry
    la mora the blackberry
    la ciliegia the cherry
    l'ananas  the pineapple
    il melone the melon
    l'anguria the watermelon


    Dessert in Italian (chocolate, cake,...)

    In the following table you'll find the main desserts (i dolci).

    Italian English
    il dolce the dessert
    il cioccolato the chocolate
    la torta the cake
    la crostata  the pie
    il gelato the ice cream      
    la panna the cream
    la panna montata the whipped cream
    la crema pasticcera the custard


    Another typical Italian dessert are:

    • Tiramisù (a coffee-flavoured dessert made up of eggs, biscuits, mascarpone and cocoa)
    • Cannolo (a small treat hailing from Sicily, consisting of a tube of toasted pastry filled with ricotta cheese)
    • Cassata (a small cake covered with flavoured icing and filled with ricotta and chocolate)
    • Panettone (the Italian Christmas dessert by definition, it is a large and sweet bread, yeasted for several days, with raisins and candied fruit)
    • Pannacotta (a sweetened, solid cream flavoured with syrups)


    Meals in Italian (breakfast, dinner,...)

    The most important Italian meals are breakfast (la colazione), lunch (il pranzo) e dinner (la cena).
    Especially among kids, it's also common to have a snack (la merenda).

    Some expression that can be useful in this context are to be hungry that translates as avere fame and to be thirsty that translates as avere sete.

    enlightenedBe careful! To express the need of eating/drinking:
                              In English verb to be + adjective vs. in Italian verb to have + noun


    Breakfast in Italian 

    Breakfast is eaten right after waking up and usually involves:

    Italian   English
    il latte the milk
    i cereali     the cereals
    il cornetto the croissant
    la marmellata    the jam   
    i biscotti the biscuits
    il burro the butter
    le fette biscottate the crisp bread
    il té the tea
    il caffé the coffee
    la cioccolata calda the hot chocolate
    lo zucchero the sugar
    il miele the honey
    il succo di frutta the fruit juice
    la frutta the fruit
    la nutella the nutella


    As you can see, Italian breakfast is usually based on sweet food.


    Lunch and dinner in Italian

    Lunch is eaten from 12 am or 2 pm while dinner is usually eaten from 7.30 pm to 9 pm. 
    The most typical Italian food of these meals are la pasta, la pasta al forno/le lasagne and la pizza.
    In the following table you'll find some other vocabs about food eaten and used during lunch and dinner.

    Italian English
    il pane the bread
    il riso the rice
    il sugo the tomato sauce
    l'arrosto         the roasted meat
    la zuppa the soup
    il formaggio the cheese
    le uova  the eggs
    l'aceto the vinegar
    l'olio d'oliva the olive oil
    il prezzemolo the parsley
    il rosmarino the rosemary
    il basilico the basil
    il maionese the mayonnaise
    il sale the salt
    il pepe the black pepper


    Snack in Italian

    Snack, very common among kids (but not only among them) when they come back from school, is usually eaten around 4 or 5 pm.
    In the following table you'll find some other vocabs about food eaten and used during snack.

    Italian English
    le patatine chips
    i popcorn popcorns
    i biscotti biscuits
    la torta cake
    il succo fruit juice
    le bibite soft drinks
    il budino pudding
    la pizza e la focaccia pizza and focaccia
    il panino sandwich


    Drinks in Italian (wine, beer,...)

    In the following table you'll find some vocabs about the main drinks (le bevande).

    Italian English
    l'acqua naturale the still water
    l'acqua frizzante the sparkling water
    l'aranciata   the orange juice
    la limonata the lemon juice
    il vino the wine
    la birra the beer
    il liquore the liqueur


    Italian wines and liqueurs

    Italy is one of the leading wine-producing countries in the world.
    Some of the most famous and appreciated wines are:

    • Primitivo
    • Nebbiolo
    • Barolo
    • Chianti
    • Montepulciano 
    • Lambrusco

    White, sparkling sweet wine is called spumante, commonly drank on special occasions such as celebrations and informal events.

    After big meals, sometimes Italian people drink some liqueurs called digestivi.
    The most known are: 

    • Amaro
    • Amaretto
    • Grappa
    • Limoncello
    • Sambuca

    Daily dialogues

    Take a look at the following dialogue about food.

      Italian English
    Anna Per colazione, prima di andare al lavoro, bevo sempre il té con latte e biscotti For breakfast, before going to work, I always drink tea with milk and biscuits
    Sara Io non mangio tanto a colazione, preferisco mangiare una mela o bere un succo verso le 10 I don't eat a lot at breakfast, I prefer eating an apple or drink some juice around 10 am
    Anna E a pranzo? Preferisci la pasta o il riso? And at lunch? Do you prefer pasta or rice?
    Sara Mangio spesso la pasta con il sugo, anche se durante la settimana di solito mangio un panino con prosciutto o salame. Per cena mia madre cucina spesso una zuppa. I often eat pasta with tomato sauce, even if during the week I usually eat a sandwich with ham or salami. For dinner my mum often cooks a soup.
    Anna Anche la mia! Però il sabato sera ordiniamo le pizze con i miei amici. La mia preferita è quella con carciofi, olive, prosciutto crudo e funghi. Mine too! However, on Saturday nights we order some pizzas with my friends. My favourite is the one with artichokes, olives, raw ham, and mushrooms.