To describe someone physically it's essential to know the body parts (le parti del corpo).
Let's start from the top part of our body.
In the following table you will find body vocabs about the head (la testa) and the face (la faccia / il viso).
|la testa||the head|
|la faccia / il viso||the face|
|il cervello||the brain|
|la barba||the beard|
|la guancia||the cheek|
|il mento||the chin|
|i capelli||the hair|
|i peli||body hairs|
|il sopracciglio||the eyebrow|
|la ciglia||the eyelash|
|la palpebra||the eyelid|
|la fronte||the forehead|
|le lentiggini||the freckles|
|il labbro||the lip|
|la bocca||the mouth|
|il naso||the nose|
|il baffo||the moustache|
|la lingua||the tongue|
|il dente||the tooth|
|la pelle||the skin|
|la ruga||the wrinkle|
Be careful! Some of these vocabs have irregular plurals:
l'orecchio → le orecchie
il sopracciglio → le sopracciglia
il labbro → le labbra
In the following table you will find body vocabs about the torso (il busto).
|la schiena||the back|
|la pancia||the belly|
|il seno||the breast|
|il petto||the chest|
|l'ombelico||the navel / the belly button|
|il collo||the neck|
|la gola||the throat|
In this part of the body there also a lot of internal organs (organi interni)
|la vescica||the bladder|
|il vaso sanguigno||the blood vessel|
|il cuore||the heart|
|il rene||the kidney|
|il fegato||the liver|
|il polmone||the lung|
|la milza||the spleen|
|lo stomaco||the stomach|
|la tonsilla||the tonsil|
|la vena||the vein|
|la trachea||the windpipe|
|l'utero||the womb / the uterus|
In the following table you will find body vocabs about upper and lower limbs (arti superiori e inferiori).
|il braccio||the arm|
|il gomito||the elbow|
|la mano||the hand|
|il dito||the finger|
|il pollice||the thumb|
|il medio||the middle finger|
|l'anulare||the ring finger|
|il mignolo||the little finger|
|la nocca||the knuckle|
|il palmo||the palm|
|la spalla||the shoulder|
|il polso||the wrist|
|la caviglia||the ankle|
|il pollice del piede||the big toe|
|il sedere||the bottom|
|le natiche||the buttocks|
|il polpaccio||the calf|
|il piede||the foot|
|il tallone||the heel|
|il ginocchio||the knee|
|la gamba||the leg|
|la tibia||the shin|
|la coscia||the thigh|
|il dito (del piede)||the toe|
|il muscolo||the muscle|
To distinguish one hand from an another (as well as one feet, one arm, and so on) you simply add sinistro (left) or destro (right) to the noun in question.
Mano sinistra, mano destra
Left hand, right hand
Piede sinistro, piede destro
Left foot, right foot
Be careful! Some of these vocabs have irregular plurals:
il braccio → le braccia
la mano → le mani
il ginocchio → le ginocchia
In the following table you will find vocabs about the main bones (le ossa).
Be careful! l'osso → le ossa
|la clavicola||the collarbone / the clavicle|
|il femore||the tight bone / the femure|
|la mascella||the jaw|
|la rotula||the kneecap|
|la mandibola||the lower jaw|
|il bacino||the pelvis|
|la costola||the rib|
|la cassa toracica||the rib cage|
|lo scheletro||the skeleton|
|il cranio||the skull|
|la spina dorsale||the backbone|
|la vertebra||the vertebra|
In the following table you'll see how to say the five senses (i cinque sensi) in Italian.
|la vista||the sight|
|il gusto||the taste|
|il tatto||the touch|
Let's see some sentences that are build up by using parts of human body.
|costare un occhio della testa||to cost an arm and a leg|
|mangiarsi qualcuno con gli occhi||to have eyes only for|
|non chiudere occhio||to do not sleep a wink|
|con il cuore in mano||from the bottom of one's heart|
|con le mani nel sacco||red-handed|
|dare un dito e prendersi un braccio||to give an inch and take a mile|
|essere il braccio destro di qualcuno||to be somebody’s right-hand man|
|mettere la mano sul fuoco||to stake one’s life on something|
|svegliarsi con il piede sbagliato||to get out of bed on the wrong side|
|andarsene con la coda tra le gambe||to go away with one’s tail between one’s legs|
|avere un cuore di pietra||to have a heart of stone|
|avere la pelle d’oca||to have gooseflesh|
|ficcare il naso||to poke one’s nose into|
|non aprir bocca||not to say a word|
|rimanere a bocca aperta||to stand open-mouthed|
|venire l’acquolina in bocca||to make one’s mouth water|
|battere i denti||to be cold|
|voltare le spalle||to turn one’s back to somebody|
|avere una faccia tosta||to have the face/cheek/neck to do something|
|avere la testa sulle nuvole||to have one’s head in the clouds|
|avere la testa sulle spalle||to have one’s head on one’s shoulders|
|contarsi sulle dita della mano||to count on the fingers of one’s hand|
|leccarsi le dita/i baffi||to lick one’s lips|
|non muovere un dito||not to lift a finger|
|mettere il dito nella piaga||to touch a sore spot|
|avere l'acqua alla gola||to be up to one’s neck in something|
|alzare il gomito||to hit the bottle|
Take a look at the following dialogue about body parts.
|Miriam||Oggi ho imparato i nomi delle dita della mano: il pollice, l'indice, il medio, l'anulare e il mignolo.||Today I learnt finger names: the thumb, the index, the middle finger, the ring finger and the little finger.|
|Elisabetta||Ben fatto! Sai anche dirmi quali organi della faccia?||Well done! Can you also tell me which are the organs of the face?|
|Miriam||Certo! Ci sono gli occhi, il naso, la bocca e le orecchie.||Sure! There are the eyes, the nose, the mouth and the ears.|
|Elisabetta||Molto bene! E mi sai dire qualcosa sulle braccia e le gambe?||Very good! Can you tell me something about legs and arms?|
|Miriam||Certo! Nel braccio ci sono la spalla, il gomito, il polso e la mano.||Of course! In the arm there are the shoulder, the elbow, the wrist and the hand.|
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