• Italian course for beginners (A1)
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  • 1 Greetings in Italian (hello, goodbye, ...) [0/5]
  • 2 How to introduce yourself in Italian (my name is...) [0/6]
  • 3 Asking and telling the time in Italian [0/5]
  • 4 Days of the week, months and holidays in Italian [0/6]
  • 5 How to talk about your family in Italian [0/6]
  • 6 House, rooms, furniture in Italian [0/14]
  • 7 The weather in Italian [0/5]
  • 8 Body parts in Italian [0/12]
  • 9 Clothes in Italian (shoes, accessories, fashion) [0/13]
  • 10 The colours in Italian [0/5]
  • 11 Countries and nationalities in Italian [0/6]
  • 12 Describing someone in Italian (adjectives, body) [0/9]
  • 13 Feelings and emotions in Italian (I love you) [0/7]
  • 14 Food names in Italian [0/9]
  • 15 How to order food at the restaurant in Italian [0/6]
  • 16 Animals and pets in Italian [0/14]
  • 17 Nature in Italian [0/5]
  • 18 School in Italian [0/6]
  • 19 Jobs and professions in Italian [0/6]
  • 20 The city and asking for directions in Italian [0/7]
  • 21 Hobbies and sports in Italian [0/5]
  • 22 Health in Italian [0/5]
  • 23 Wishes and proverbs in Italian [0/4]
  • To describe someone physically it's essential to know the body parts (le parti del corpo).

    Head and face in Italian (eye, mouth,...)

    Let's start from the top part of our body.
    In the following table you will find body vocabs about the head (la testa) and the face (la faccia / il viso).

    Italian  English
    la testa the head
    la faccia / il viso the face
    il cervello the brain
    la barba the beard
    la guancia the cheek
    il mento the chin
    i capelli the hair
    i peli body hairs
    l'orecchio the ear
    l'occhio  the eye
    il sopracciglio the eyebrow
    la ciglia the eyelash
    la palpebra the eyelid
    la fronte the forehead
    le lentiggini the freckles
    il labbro the lip
    la bocca the mouth
    il naso the nose
    il baffo the moustache
    la lingua the tongue
    il dente the tooth
    la pelle the skin
    la ruga the wrinkle

     

    enlightenedBe careful! Some of these vocabs have irregular plurals:
    l'orecchio → le orecchie
    il sopracciglio → le sopracciglia
    il labbro → le labbra


    Torso in Italian (chest, back,...)

    In the following table you will find body vocabs about the torso (il busto).

    Italian English
    la schiena the back
    la pancia the belly
    il seno the breast
    il petto the chest
    l'ombelico the navel / the belly button
    il collo  the neck
    la gola the throat

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    Internal organs (heart, stomach,...)

    In this part of the body there also a lot of internal organs (organi interni)

    Italian English
    l'arteria the artery
    la vescica the bladder
    il vaso sanguigno the blood vessel
    il cuore the heart
    l'intestino  the intestine
    il rene the kidney
    il fegato the liver
    il polmone the lung
    l'esofago the oesophagus
    la milza the spleen
    lo stomaco the stomach
    la tonsilla the tonsil
    la vena the vein
    la trachea the windpipe
    l'utero the womb / the uterus


    Arms and legs in Italian (hand, foot,...)

    In the following table you will find body vocabs about upper and lower limbs (arti superiori e inferiori).

    Italian English
    il braccio the arm
    l'ascella the armpit
    il gomito  the elbow
    la mano the hand
    il dito the finger
    il pollice the thumb
    l'indice  the index
    il medio the middle finger
    l'anulare  the ring finger
    il mignolo the little finger
    l'unghia the nail
    l'avambraccio the forearm
    la nocca the knuckle
    il palmo the palm
    la spalla  the shoulder
    il polso the wrist
    la caviglia  the ankle
    il pollice del piede the big toe
    il sedere the bottom
    le natiche the buttocks
    il polpaccio the calf
    il piede the foot
    il tallone the heel
    l'anca the hip
    il ginocchio the knee
    la gamba the leg
    la tibia the shin
    la coscia the thigh
    il dito (del piede) the toe
    il muscolo the muscle


    To distinguish one hand from an another (as well as one feet, one arm, and so on) you simply add sinistro (left) or destro (right) to the noun in question.
    Mano sinistra, mano destra
    Left hand, right hand
    Piede sinistro, piede destro
    Left foot, right foot

    enlightenedBe careful! Some of these vocabs have irregular plurals:
    il braccio → le braccia
    la mano → le mani
    il ginocchio → le ginocchia


    Human bones in Italian (skeleton, skull,...)

    In the following table you will find vocabs about the main bones (le ossa).

    enlightenedBe careful! l'osso  → le ossa

    Italian English
    la clavicola the collarbone / the clavicle
    il femore the tight bone / the femure
    l'omero the humerus
    la mascella the jaw
    la rotula the kneecap
    la mandibola the lower jaw
    il bacino the pelvis
    la costola the rib
    la cassa toracica the rib cage
    lo scheletro the skeleton
    il cranio the skull
    la spina dorsale the backbone
    la vertebra the vertebra

     

    The five senses (sight, taste,...)

    In the following table you'll see how to say the five senses (i cinque sensi) in Italian.

    Italian English
    l'udito the hearing
    la vista the sight
    l'olfatto the smell
    il gusto the taste
    il tatto the touch


    Sentences with human body vocabulary

    Let's see some sentences that are build up by using parts of human body.

    Italian  English 
    costare un occhio della testa to cost an arm and a leg
    mangiarsi qualcuno con gli occhi to have eyes only for
    non chiudere occhio to do not sleep a wink
    con il cuore in mano from the bottom of one's heart
    con le mani nel sacco red-handed
    dare un dito e prendersi un braccio to give an inch and take a mile  
    essere il braccio destro di qualcuno to be somebody’s right-hand man
    mettere la mano sul fuoco  to stake one’s life on something 
    svegliarsi con il piede sbagliato to get out of bed on the wrong side 
    andarsene con la coda tra le gambe to go away with one’s tail between one’s legs
    avere un cuore di pietra to have a heart of stone 
    avere la pelle d’oca  to have gooseflesh 
    ficcare il naso to poke one’s nose into 
    non aprir bocca  not to say a word
    rimanere a bocca aperta to stand open-mouthed 
    venire l’acquolina in bocca  to make one’s mouth water 
    battere i denti  to be cold
    voltare le spalle  to turn one’s back to somebody
    avere una faccia tosta to have the face/cheek/neck to do something
    avere la testa sulle nuvole  to have one’s head in the clouds
    avere la testa sulle spalle  to have one’s head on one’s shoulders 
    contarsi sulle dita della mano  to count on the fingers of one’s hand 
    leccarsi le dita/i baffi to lick one’s lips 
    non muovere un dito  not to lift a finger
    mettere il dito nella piaga to touch a sore spot 
    avere l'acqua alla gola to be up to one’s neck in something
    alzare il gomito to hit the bottle


    Daily dialogues

    Take a look at the following dialogue about body parts.

      Italian English
    Miriam Oggi ho imparato i nomi delle dita della mano: il pollice, l'indice, il medio, l'anulare e il mignolo. Today I learnt finger names: the thumb, the index, the middle finger, the ring finger and the little finger.
    Elisabetta Ben fatto! Sai anche dirmi quali organi della faccia? Well done! Can you also tell me which are the organs of the face?
    Miriam Certo! Ci sono gli occhi, il naso, la bocca e le orecchie. Sure! There are the eyes, the nose, the mouth and the ears.
    Elisabetta Molto bene! E mi sai dire qualcosa sulle braccia e le gambe? Very good! Can you tell me something about legs and arms?
    Miriam Certo! Nel braccio ci sono la spalla, il gomito, il polso e la mano. Of course! In the arm there are the shoulder, the elbow, the wrist and the hand.