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If it´s 1 o´clock, we use the expression "Es la una". In any other case, it is made use of "Son las"...
|¿Qué hora es?||What time is it?|
|Es la una.||It´s one o´clock.|
Son las 12 menos 5 minutos. (It's 5 minutes to 12)
As we've already referenced to it, for telling the full hours, we use the locutions "es la una" and "son las...".
|Son las 4.||It's 4 o'clock.|
|Es la una.||It's 1 o'clock.|
Son las 4. (It's 4 o'clock)
Communicating the half hours happens accompanied by the the constructions: Son las ... y media and es la una y media, where "media" means "half".
|Son las 8 y media.||It's half past 8.|
|Es la una y media.||It's half past 1.|
Like in English, in Spanish we can use quarters for expressing the hour, where "cuarto" means "quarter".
|Son las 12 y cuarto.||It's a quarter past 12.|
|Son las 7 menos cuarto.||It's a quarter to 7.|
|Es la una y cuarto.||It's a quarter past 1.|
|Es la una menos cuarto.||It's a quarter to 1.|
Son las 12 y cuarto. (It's a quarter past 12)
In comparison with English, here we say firstly the hour and then the minutes.
|Son las 10 y 10.||It's 10 past 10.|
|Son las 5 menos 10.||It's 10 to 5.|
|Es la 1 y 10.||It's 10 past 1.|
|Es la 1 menos 5.||It's 5 to 1.|
Son las 10 y 10 minutos. (It's 10 past 10)
As in English, we could say the hour + all of the minutes passing it.
|Son las 7 y 28.||It's 7,28.|
|Es la 1 y 35.||It's 1,35.|
Son las 7 y 28. (It's 7,28)
Francisco: ¡Hola!, ¿Qué hora es? Hello! What time is it?
Jorge: Son las 10 y 8. It's 8 past 10.
Felipe: ¡Hola! Qué hora es, por favor? Hello! What time is it, please?
Alex: Son las 9 en punto. It's 9 sharp.
Felipe: ¡Muchas gracias! Thank you very much!
Now you can practice communicating the hour with the exercises we kindly prepared for you.
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