The alphabet in Spanish
Everything starts with an alphabet. So do we. Let´s dive into the sign system of Spanish language.
Say the alphabet in Spanish
A, B, C, Ch, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, Ll, M, N, Ñ, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
|Letter||Transcription||Example in a word|
|B, b||[be]||bueno (good)|
|C, c||[ce]||casa (home)|
|Ch, ch||[che]||chica (girl)|
|D, d||[de]||domingo (Sunday)|
|E, e||[e]||elefante (elephant)|
|F, f||[efe]||feliz (happy)|
|G, g||[ge]||gente (people)|
|H, h||[hache]||hablar (talk)|
|I, i||[i]||inglés (English)|
|J, j||[jota]||joven (young)|
|K, k||[ka]||kilómetro (kilometer)|
|L, l||[ele]||lavadora (washing machine)|
|Ll, ll||[elle]||lluvia (rain)|
|M, m||[eme]||mayo (May)|
|N, n||[ene]||nombre (name)|
|Ñ, ñ||[eñe]||niño (child)|
|O, o||[o]||otoño (autumn)|
|P, p||[pe]||película (movie)|
|Q, q||[cu]||quince (fifteen)|
|R, r||[erre]||ropa (clothes)|
|S, s||[ese]||salud (health)|
|T, t||[te]||tienda (store)|
|U, u||[u]||uno (one)|
|V, v||[uve]||vale (okay)|
|W, w||[uve doble] [doble ve]||windsurf (windsurfing)|
|X, x||[equis]||xilografía (woodcut)|
|Y, y||[igriega]||ya (already)|
|Z, z||[zeta]||zanahoria (carrot)|
Letters of the Spanish alphabet
Spanish alphabet is separated into vowels and consonants.
Vowels in Spanish
A, E, O, I, U
Strong vowels are A, E, O. Weak are I and U.Here it comes pronunciation lesson number 1:
- When we have 2 strong vowels one next to the other in a word, then we pronounce 2 individual syllables. Example: paseo (pa-se-o) has 3 syllables.
- If we have a strong and a weak vowel one next to the other or two weak ones one next to the other, then we pronounce 1 single syllable. Example: juicio (jui - cio) has 2 syllables.
Consonants in Spanish
B, C, Ch, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, Ll, M, N, Ñ, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z
Letters unique to the Spanish alphabet
They lack in other writing systems and have a specific pronunciation. Ch is similar to the English letter combination "ch" considering pronunciation. While Ll and Ñ have the function to soften the following vowel.
|Letter||Transcription||Example in a word|
|Ch, ch||[che]||chaqueta (jacket)|
|Ll, ll||[elle]||llaves (keys)|
You have completed your first Spanish lesson! Use the microphone to practice the vocalization of the letters and go ahead with the exercises!
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