• Bulgarian language course for beginners
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  • 1 The Bulgarian alphabet - Cyrillic letters [0/2]
  • 2 The Bulgarian keyboard - how to type Cyrillic letters [0/2]
  • 3 Learn the Bulgarian pronunciation
  • 4 Greetings and how to say Hello in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 5 Say "Nice to meet you" in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 6 Learn the Bulgarian numbers [0/2]
  • 7 Telling the time in Bulgarian / reading the clock [0/2]
  • 8 Days of the week, seasons and months in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 9 Ask for directions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 10 Weather and seasons in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 11 Learn to say I love you in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 12 Learn the colors in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 13 Expressing needs and opinions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 14 Bulgarian food and drinks [0/2]
  • 15 Travel and transportation in Bulgarian [0/3]
  • 16 At the post office in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 17 At the doctors vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 18 Personal description and emotions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 19 Parts of the body in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 20 Household items in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 21 The family in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 22 The animals and the nature in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 23 Classroom vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 24 Work related vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 25 Countries and nationalities in Bulgarian [0/1]
  • Telling the time in Bulgarian / reading the clock

    Introducing the Bulgarian clock

    Dear lovers and learners of the Bulgarian language, I hope you have learn well the names of the numbers in Bulgarian. Right now we are starting to study the Bulgarian clock and how to say what is the time. In case you are not sure that you have learn the numbers, you can always check our lesson to clarify your doubts. You can also practice with the execises after the lesson.

    How to ask for the time?

    There is only one way to ask for the time. In order to answer to this question, we use the verb "to be" in the Bulgarian language:

    Bulgarian       Transcription     English       

     Колко е часа?    

     Kolko e chasа?    

    What time is it?    

     

    Часът е 12 на обяд.

     Chasut e dvanadeset na obyad.   

    It is 12 at noon.

     

    The sentence always starts in the same way. The only thing that you have to change is the time.

    In order to say how many minutes have past from the current hour, we use "и": 12:15 - "Часът е 12 и 15".

    In order to say how many minutes there are to the new hour we use "без": 12:45 - "Часът е 1 без 15".

     

    Learn how to say what is the time

    In the table you will see some examples of telling the time in Bulgarian.

      Bulgarian           Transcription
    12:00  Часът е 12 .  Chasút e dvanadeset.
    12:05  Часът е 12 и 05.       Chasút e dvanadeset i pet.
    12:15  Часът е 12 и15.  Chasút e dvanadeset i petnadeset.
    12:30  Часът е 12 и 30.  Chasút e dvanadeset i polovina.
    12:35  Часът е 12 и 35.  Chasút e dvanadeset i trideset i pet.
    12:45  Часът е 12 и 45.  Chasút e dvanadeset i chetirideset i pet.
    1:00 (13:00)  Часът е 1.  Chasút e edin.

     

    More useful words regarding the time

    Bulgarian    Transcription   English
     Секунда  sekúnda  second
     Минута  minúta  minute 
     Час  chas  hour
     Ден  den  day
     Нощ  nosht  night
     Сутринта  sútrinta  in the morning
     Вечерта  vechertá  in the evening

     

    The difference between telling the time in Bulgarian and telling the time in English

    While in the English language there is only one way to tell the time, in Bulgarian there are two. In the English we use only the numbers from 1 to 12 and the designations AM or PM to point out if the hour is in the first part of the day or in the second. In Bulgarian this is also possible, but there is also one more way. You can say the time using the numbers from 1 to 24, and the hour itself indicates if it is in the morning or in the evening. Study the examples:

      Bulgarian Trancription
      9:15  Часът е девет и петнадесет.  Chasut e devet i petnadeset
     12:00  Часът е дванадесет.  Chasut e dvanadeset.
     01:30pm/13:00     Часът е един и половина на обяд./ Часът е тринадесет.  Chasut e edin i polovina na obyad./ Chasut e trinadeset
     02:40pm /14:40  Часът е два и четиридесет на обяд/ Часът е четиринадесет.  Chasut e dva i chetirideset na obyad./Chasut e chetirinadeset.
     10:00pm/ 22:45  Часът е десет вечерта./ Часът е двадесет и два.  Chasut e deset vecherta./Chasut e dvadeset i dva

     

    One more thing that could get you confused:

     9:00 AM (morning)  Девет сутринта.  Devet sutrinta.
     14:00 PM (in the afternoon)     Два след обяд.  Dva sled obyad.
     22:00 PM (in the evening)  Десет вечерта.  Deset vecherta.

     

    Read the dialogue

    Bulgarian:

    - Мария: Днес се събудих в 8:00 сутринта. Отидох на работа в 9:00 и в 9:15 пих кафе. А ти какво прави днес?

    - Иван: Аз се събудих в 9:30 и после имах урок по Немски от 11:00. Какво ще правиш довечера?

    - Мария: В 5:00 след обяд отивам на танци. Ще вечерям с мама и татко в 7:00. От 11:00 вечерта отивам на дискотека. А ти?

    - Иван: Аз ще играя футбол в 6:00 и после ще пия бира с приятели.

     

    English:

    - Maria: Today I woke up at 8am. I went to work at 9am and had a coffee at 9.15am. What did you do today?

    - Ivan: I woke up at 9.30am and later I had a German language lesson at 11am . What are you doing tonight?

    - Maria: At 5pm I go dancing. I will have dinner with my mom and dad at 7pm. At 11pm I go do the club. And you?

    - Ivan: I have a soccer game at 6pm and later I will drink beer with friends.

    the bulgarian clock

    Exercises

    Write down the correct hour

    Read the dialogue and fill in the missing hour