Telling the time in Bulgarian / reading the clock
- 1.Introducing the Bulgarian clock
- 2.How to ask for the time?
- 3.Learn how to say what is the time
- 3.1.More useful words regarding the time
- 4.The difference between telling the time in Bulgarian and telling the time in English
- 4.1.One more thing that could get you confused:
- 5.Read the dialogue
Introducing the Bulgarian clock
Dear lovers and learners of the Bulgarian language, I hope you have learn well the names of the numbers in Bulgarian. Right now we are starting to study the Bulgarian clock and how to say what is the time. In case you are not sure that you have learn the numbers, you can always check our lesson to clarify your doubts. You can also practice with the execises after the lesson.
How to ask for the time?
There is only one way to ask for the time. In order to answer to this question, we use the verb "to be" in the Bulgarian language:
Колко е часа?
|Kolko e chasа?||
What time is it?
Часът е 12 на обяд.
|Chasut e dvanadeset na obyad.||
It is 12 at noon.
The sentence always starts in the same way. The only thing that you have to change is the time.
In order to say how many minutes have past from the current hour, we use "и": 12:15 - "Часът е 12 и 15".
In order to say how many minutes there are to the new hour we use "без": 12:45 - "Часът е 1 без 15".
Learn how to say what is the time
In the table you will see some examples of telling the time in Bulgarian.
|12:00||Часът е 12 .||Chasút e dvanadeset.|
|12:05||Часът е 12 и 05.||Chasút e dvanadeset i pet.|
|12:15||Часът е 12 и15.||Chasút e dvanadeset i petnadeset.|
|12:30||Часът е 12 и 30.||Chasút e dvanadeset i polovina.|
|12:35||Часът е 12 и 35.||Chasút e dvanadeset i trideset i pet.|
|12:45||Часът е 12 и 45.||Chasút e dvanadeset i chetirideset i pet.|
|1:00 (13:00)||Часът е 1.||Chasút e edin.|
More useful words regarding the time
|Сутринта||sútrinta||in the morning|
|Вечерта||vechertá||in the evening|
The difference between telling the time in Bulgarian and telling the time in English
While in the English language there is only one way to tell the time, in Bulgarian there are two. In the English we use only the numbers from 1 to 12 and the designations AM or PM to point out if the hour is in the first part of the day or in the second. In Bulgarian this is also possible, but there is also one more way. You can say the time using the numbers from 1 to 24, and the hour itself indicates if it is in the morning or in the evening. Study the examples:
|9:15||Часът е девет и петнадесет.||Chasut e devet i petnadeset|
|12:00||Часът е дванадесет.||Chasut e dvanadeset.|
|01:30pm/13:00||Часът е един и половина на обяд./ Часът е тринадесет.||Chasut e edin i polovina na obyad./ Chasut e trinadeset|
|02:40pm /14:40||Часът е два и четиридесет на обяд/ Часът е четиринадесет.||Chasut e dva i chetirideset na obyad./Chasut e chetirinadeset.|
|10:00pm/ 22:45||Часът е десет вечерта./ Часът е двадесет и два.||Chasut e deset vecherta./Chasut e dvadeset i dva|
One more thing that could get you confused:
|9:00 AM (morning)||Девет сутринта.||Devet sutrinta.|
|14:00 PM (in the afternoon)||Два след обяд.||Dva sled obyad.|
|22:00 PM (in the evening)||Десет вечерта.||Deset vecherta.|
Read the dialogue
- Мария: Днес се събудих в 8:00 сутринта. Отидох на работа в 9:00 и в 9:15 пих кафе. А ти какво прави днес?
- Иван: Аз се събудих в 9:30 и после имах урок по Немски от 11:00. Какво ще правиш довечера?
- Мария: В 5:00 след обяд отивам на танци. Ще вечерям с мама и татко в 7:00. От 11:00 вечерта отивам на дискотека. А ти?
- Иван: Аз ще играя футбол в 6:00 и после ще пия бира с приятели.
- Maria: Today I woke up at 8am. I went to work at 9am and had a coffee at 9.15am. What did you do today?
- Ivan: I woke up at 9.30am and later I had a German language lesson at 11am . What are you doing tonight?
- Maria: At 5pm I go dancing. I will have dinner with my mom and dad at 7pm. At 11pm I go do the club. And you?
- Ivan: I have a soccer game at 6pm and later I will drink beer with friends.
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Hi there,I am glad to meet you.First of all, let me congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. In your case this is... Bulgarian.My country, Bulgaria, is a beautiful country with nice and hospitable people. It is an ancient land with a great history and rich culture. Having learned our language you will be able to get in touch freely with our good people and country.I come from the town of Vidin, Bulgaria. I am a qualified English and Bulgarian teacher. I graduated back in 1972 from Sofia University with an MA in English Philology and Bulgarian Philology as a second subject. Since then I have spent most of my professional career teaching Bulgarian students.First of all, we will have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice!Cannot wait to meet you and help you on your journey to learn Bulgarian. Read more
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1 Where I have learned EnglishI started learning English in 1995, after my graduation from Sofia University, in a Suggestopedic course at the... same university. I was eager to acquire new learning/teaching methods and approaches, and Suggestopedia was among the most fascinating ones. That incredible Suggestopedic course gave me a mighty impuls to continue learning English and boosted my self-confidence so high that I started to use my newly acquired skills almost immediately; and shortly after, I found a new job requiring English command, e.g. using a lot of English sources for creating staff training and career guidance materials. Of course, English was not that widely spread in Bulgaria at that time, so English speakers were of high demand. That first Suggestopedic course, which I took in 1995, has also influenced all my English teaching/tutoring views and practice.Afterwards, I went through two more courses: one on-the-job in 2001, through my employer at that time, National Institute of Education, and the second and last one at Thanet College, England in 2004 (Advanced level +IELTS preparation course). At the end of the latter, I obtained my IELTS certificate, band 7.5 (International English Learning Testing System)/. And I have not stopped practicing, respectively improving my English ever since.Of course, between and during the aforementioned courses, there was a lot of self-study. I also intensively practiced it at work, including as a member of international teams within European Union programmes . 2 My methodsI am learner-centred and help people learn as naturally as possible. My way of English tutoring is influenced by Suggestopedia, which I have experienced myself as a learner, as well as by the language acquisition hypothesis by Stephen Krashen. Three are the main pillars that I rely on as a tutor: good interpersonal communication; taking advantage of the omnipresent ICT; and contextual learning. 2.1 Interpersonal Communication:I have got on-the job training and 7-year experience in career guidance, including communication skills, and take advantage of them to help (facilitate) your English learning. My tutorials are learner-centred, i.e. they are based on your individual needs, and are also conversational, interactive, and also in a positive and friendly atmosphere of mutual respect. 2.2 Taking Advantage of ICTI am striving to seamlessly merge everyday life with English learning through ICT, i.e. in the tutorials, we employ ICT in the way we do it daily, while at the same time, each of us may learn from each other new ways of using ICT, respectively new applications. ICT is our communication media, and also provide us with a large range of content to choose from, i.e. texts and stories as well as grammar and drilling (exercising) materials. You can pick what is meaningful for you, thus co-creating your English course. ICT also gives us more and more sophisticated ways of self-expression and creativity both during and beyond our learning interactions. 2.3 Contextual learning.You learn English contextually, i.e. through a lot of references to your own life experience and environment, on one hand, and on another hand, through fiction, be it literature and films/videos or stories thought up by us. Storytelling is one of my beloved methods as a tutor. 3 What my students will learnYou will advance in general English and especially in the topics of highest interest to you, since the course is tailor-made and we will be shaping the content together;You will gain self-confidence for practical application of your language skills in your life;Your language learning motivation will be kept strong and even boosted;You will try and learn a range of language learning strategies and techniques, which can help you become an independent language learner. 4 My English teaching experienceI have been teaching English since 2013 in private language centres as well as by providing online English tutorials myself.My English teaching practice is based on the sound background of two Master’s degrees: in Pedagogy and in Cultural Heritage & Tourism. I have also got more than 25 years of practice in non-formal education and lifelong learning including seven years in vocational guidance (with focus on staff training), as well as 15+ years in European project work (EU grants in the fields of Professional Education, Citizenship, Youth).It has contributed to broadening and enriching my perspective as an English teacher/tutor to a great extent.English teaching qualification:- TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) 150 hours from Arizona State University. Actually, I am just before completing it, with two intermediate certificates already obtained Read more
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