Dear lovers and learners of the Bulgarian language, I hope you have learn well the names of the numbers in Bulgarian. Right now we are starting to study the Bulgarian clock and how to say what is the time. In case you are not sure that you have learn the numbers, you can always check our lesson to clarify your doubts. You can also practice with the execises after the lesson.
There is only one way to ask for the time. In order to answer to this question, we use the verb "to be" in the Bulgarian language:
Колко е часа?
|Kolko e chasа?||
What time is it?
Часът е 12 на обяд.
|Chasut e dvanadeset na obyad.||
It is 12 at noon.
The sentence always starts in the same way. The only thing that you have to change is the time.
In order to say how many minutes have past from the current hour, we use "и": 12:15 - "Часът е 12 и 15".
In order to say how many minutes there are to the new hour we use "без": 12:45 - "Часът е 1 без 15".
In the table you will see some examples of telling the time in Bulgarian.
|12:00||Часът е 12 .||Chasút e dvanadeset.|
|12:05||Часът е 12 и 05.||Chasút e dvanadeset i pet.|
|12:15||Часът е 12 и15.||Chasút e dvanadeset i petnadeset.|
|12:30||Часът е 12 и 30.||Chasút e dvanadeset i polovina.|
|12:35||Часът е 12 и 35.||Chasút e dvanadeset i trideset i pet.|
|12:45||Часът е 12 и 45.||Chasút e dvanadeset i chetirideset i pet.|
|1:00 (13:00)||Часът е 1.||Chasút e edin.|
|Сутринта||sútrinta||in the morning|
|Вечерта||vechertá||in the evening|
While in the English language there is only one way to tell the time, in Bulgarian there are two. In the English we use only the numbers from 1 to 12 and the designations AM or PM to point out if the hour is in the first part of the day or in the second. In Bulgarian this is also possible, but there is also one more way. You can say the time using the numbers from 1 to 24, and the hour itself indicates if it is in the morning or in the evening. Study the examples:
|9:15||Часът е девет и петнадесет.||Chasut e devet i petnadeset|
|12:00||Часът е дванадесет.||Chasut e dvanadeset.|
|01:30pm/13:00||Часът е един и половина на обяд./ Часът е тринадесет.||Chasut e edin i polovina na obyad./ Chasut e trinadeset|
|02:40pm /14:40||Часът е два и четиридесет на обяд/ Часът е четиринадесет.||Chasut e dva i chetirideset na obyad./Chasut e chetirinadeset.|
|10:00pm/ 22:45||Часът е десет вечерта./ Часът е двадесет и два.||Chasut e deset vecherta./Chasut e dvadeset i dva|
|9:00 AM (morning)||Девет сутринта.||Devet sutrinta.|
|14:00 PM (in the afternoon)||Два след обяд.||Dva sled obyad.|
|22:00 PM (in the evening)||Десет вечерта.||Deset vecherta.|
- Мария: Днес се събудих в 8:00 сутринта. Отидох на работа в 9:00 и в 9:15 пих кафе. А ти какво прави днес?
- Иван: Аз се събудих в 9:30 и после имах урок по Немски от 11:00. Какво ще правиш довечера?
- Мария: В 5:00 след обяд отивам на танци. Ще вечерям с мама и татко в 7:00. От 11:00 вечерта отивам на дискотека. А ти?
- Иван: Аз ще играя футбол в 6:00 и после ще пия бира с приятели.
- Maria: Today I woke up at 8am. I went to work at 9am and had a coffee at 9.15am. What did you do today?
- Ivan: I woke up at 9.30am and later I had a German language lesson at 11am . What are you doing tonight?
- Maria: At 5pm I go dancing. I will have dinner with my mom and dad at 7pm. At 11pm I go do the club. And you?
- Ivan: I have a soccer game at 6pm and later I will drink beer with friends.
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